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Do you know what a writer's resume looks like? I have a regular full-time job but also work as a freelance writer from essays+, home. Help. Recently I saw two ads for writing jobs, requiring a resume along with clips and a query leter. Should I include only my writing credits and education? Or should I include my whole employment history even though many of those jobs had nothing to essays+ do with writing? Here's a dilemma freelance writers often face: How do you go about getting a day job in voorbeeld, the writing or publishing business?
If you're a freelancer, chances are that (a) you work from home, and (b) your job history (current or former) may have little relationship to your writing skills. You know that you have the skills to handle a regular writing or editorial position, but how do you convince an essays+, employer? Don't despair: There is an alternative. Instead of using a traditional work history resume, consider developing a skills resume instead. This type of resume is a perfectly acceptable alternative to the chronological resume, and enables you to focus on the skills and experience that are directly relevant to magazine the job for which you're applying. A skills resume differs from essays+, a job-history resume in that it lists your skills and essays+, qualifications in a separate section, rather than as a subset of your work history. The basic framework for such a resume might look something like this: Section 1: Name, address, telephone, fax, e-mail, URL. If you're using a print resume, center these in a larger, attractive (but not too fancy) font, as follows: Ima Great Writer.
123 Quill Pen Rd. Essays+. #183 Hometown, CA 94000. Outlines. (555) 123-4567 #183 (555) 123-4568 (fax) #183 e-mail. Great Writings Page #183 http://www.greatwritings.com. Optional. If you choose to list your objectives, use no more than two lines here. Section 3: Qualifications. This is the critical part of your resume. You may want to essays+ give this section a more definitive title, such as Writing and Editing Experience . Here, you'll want to list each type of essays+, skill that is essays+ relevant to the job you're applying for. Dbq Essay. For example, if the essays+ job listing asks for demonstrated writing and editing skills, plus familiarity with Internet publishing and HTML, your qualifications section might look something like this: Writing: Professional writer for essays+, XX years, with experience in magazine, newspaper, and business writing. Author of XXX articles in XX national publications; co-author of essays+, two books; author of three book chapters. Winner of the 1998 best article award from the essays+ Good Authors' Association. (See attached publications list for details.) Even if your work history has nothing to essays+ do with your writing skills, you should include it. A history of employment indicates to a potential employer that you are, in fact, employable.
If your history indicates several periods of steady employment with a single company, this indicates that you are considered a reliable worker (i.e., one who was retained) rather than someone who either flits from job to homework help hotline florida job or gets fired frequently. If you've been promoted within your company (past or present), list this as well, as this is another good indication of your ability to function well as an employee. Unlike the job-history listings in a regular chronological resume, however, you'll want to keep these sections short. List your job title, dates, the essays+ name of the uci application company and its location, and essays+, a contact name and number if you wish. Use no more than two or three lines to summarize your duties and major achievements.
Be selective: List promotions, and highlights such as number of people supervised, whether you were responsible for a budget, whether you handled major projects, etc. If you have been self-employed as a freelance writer for help, a period of time, list this as your most recent job. This will help explain any otherwise awkward gaps in your employment history. For example: Freelance Writer - June 1997 to present City, state Brief description of your primary writing activities, including the names of essays+, any major clients or publications for which you have provided material or services. Thesis. Don't bother to essays+ recap the skills you've already listed above. Thesis Voorbeeld. Needless to essays+ say, if you can find any duties in uci application essay, your work history that relate to essays+ writing or the job you're trying to obtain, list them -- even if it's something as obscure as contributed to the company newsletter. Help Hotline. Do not, however, list your reasons for essays+, leaving previous jobs (whether voluntary or otherwise), and never include negative information about your previous employers. Every resume should include your educational history, starting with the most recent degrees and working backwards. If you have a college education, omit information about voorbeeld, high school. This section should also include any other relevant education you may have, such as vocational training, on-the-job training, or even online courses that are relevant to the job you're seeking. Essays+. (Keep in mind, however, that adult education courses, which generally don't involve grades or certification, generally won't impress an employer.) Many writing and editorial jobs ask for a degree in writing (e.g., journalism, English, etc.).
Don't panic if you have no such degree; most companies are more than happy to accept experience in lieu of writing, formal education. Section 6: Awards and Memberships. This is the section to list any awards you've received, especially relating to writing and editing. (Don't include awards your website has received, unless they are truly meaningful.) If you are a member of any writing or editorial societies or organizations, list those as well (if you have room). Section 7: Personal Information. It was once fashionable to essays+ list personal interests and hobbies on a resume. Now, however, that is considered inappropriate. Essay. If you have specific hobby skills that somehow relate to essays+ the job in question, try to magazine find a way to list those under skills instead. Essays+. (For example, if you're applying for a job at an archaeology magazine and you've participated in several digs during your summer vacations, list those under skills and experience.). Here's what your resume might look like when you're finished: 123 Quill Pen Rd. #183 Hometown, CA 94000. (555) 123-4567 #183 (555) 123-4568 (fax) #183 e-mail. Great Writings Page #183 http://www.greatwritings.com. Objectives: An editorial position that will enable me to writing contribute to the creative development of a publication and essays+, expansion of its circulation.
Writing and Editorial Background. Writing: Professional writer for XX years, with experience in magazine, newspaper, and business writing. Homework Help. Author of XXX articles in XX national publications; co-author of two books; author of essays+, three book chapters. Winner of the essays+ 1998 best article award from the Good Authors' Association. (See attached publications list for essays+, details.) Freelance Writer - June 1997 to present. City, state Brief description of your primary writing activities, including the watsons go to birmingham essay question names of essays+, any major clients or publications for which you have provided material or services. Don't bother to recap the skills you've already listed above. City, state; contact name and phone number if desired. Brief summary of your duties and responsibilities; list major achievements and promotions. Company Name Brief summary of uci application, your duties and responsibilities; list major achievements and promotions. M.A., University of Somewhere, 1989 - Journalism.
B.A., University of Somewhere Else, 1985 - English. Certification in Editorial Excellence, 1992; Certification in HTML, Online School of essays+, HTML, 1997. Awards and Memberships. Cat Writers' Association, Best Article, 1998. Go To Essay. Speakers' Bureau Certificate of Excellence, 1997. Member, Authors' Guild. Member, Mystery Writers' Association of America. Member, Mytown Writers' Consortium; Vice-President 1997-1998. In addition to your resume (which you should try to keep to one page, unless you've had truly extensive relevant experience), you'll also want to provide a publications list.
This should also be kept to a single page. Give it the same header (name, address, etc) as your resume, and use it to list your most significant publications or those that are most relevant to essays+ the position. Double-space the list, which should include the title of essays+, each article or story, the essays+ publication in uci application, which it appeared, and the date of publication. If it appeared online (and is still available), you may wish to essays+ include the URL as well. You may also be asked for clips. Choose your best; if your publications include quality photos, consider springing for color copies. Go To Birmingham Essay Question. It should go without saying that these should be published clips -- but I have been amazed at the range of samples offered by essays+, job applicants. One individual who was applying to a job I was about to vacate offered the voorbeeld first three pages of two unfinished short stories as samples of her writing ability (need I say that she wasn't hired?).
If you haven't assembled a portfolio of your best work, this is a good time to do so. Find a nice leather binder at an office supply store, and insert your best clips into plastic sheet-protectors (the kind that are large enough to hold an essays+, 8.5x11 page without the need to actually hole-punch your clips themselves). Don't use those ancient, awful plastic protectors with the black paper insert; besides being as obsolete as dinosaurs, those can actually damage your clips. If you write in several different fields, consider dividing your portfolio into sections. Include color copies of any awards you've received, along with a copy of your publications list.
This resume advice may seem all very well if you actually have something to put in your skills and homework florida, experience section -- but what if you don't? The short answer is that you're not likely to get the job of your dreams. The long answer is: If you know you'd like to be able to apply for essays+, a job in the writing, editing, or publishing business in the future, start preparing now . Help. If you have dreams of becoming an editor, and you're now a freelance writer, look around for editing possibilities. Essays+. Today, you can find a host of part-time, telecommuting editorial jobs online; check our Jobs for help hotline, Writers section for essays+, a list of links to job boards. For many of these jobs, all you need is skill and a modem. Build a relationship with a company that can give you a good recommendation. While it's often easy to find volunteer jobs, be aware that a magazine publisher may not be impressed by the fact that you edited your church newsletter or Neighborhood Watch bulletin.
A history of paid positions, even part-time contract jobs, will serve far better (and put food on your table at the same time). Such jobs can also bring you a regular paycheck during those gaps when freelancing checks are slow to arrive. A good skills resume may be all you need to get your foot in the door. Dbq Essay Outlines. After that, it's up to you. If that sounds intimidating, why not think of essays+, yourself in essay, the same terms as one of your queries or manuscripts? With the essays+ proper presentation -- the outlines right envelope, a professional approach, and essays+, appropriate credentials -- you'll be well on your way to the job of your dreams.
Copyright 2001 Moira Allen. Moira Allen is the editor of Writing-World.com, and has written nearly 400 articles, serving as a columnist and dbq essay, regular contributor for such publications as The Writer, Entrepreneur, Writer's Digest , and Byline . An award-winning writer, Allen is the author of eight books, including Starting Your Career as a Freelance Writer, The Writer's Guide to Queries, Pitches and Proposals, and Writing to Win: The Colossal Guide to Writing Contests. In addition to Writing-World.com, Allen hosts VictorianVoices.net, a growing archive of articles from essays+, Victorian periodicals, and The Pet Loss Support Page, a resource for grieving pet owners. She lives in Maryland with her husband and magazine writing, the obligatory writer's cat. Essays+. She can be contacted at editors at writing-world.com.
Copyright 2017 by Moira Allen. All rights reserved. All materials on this site are the property of thesis voorbeeld, their authors and may not be reprinted. without the author's written permission, unless otherwise indicated.
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End-of-life notice: American Legal Ethics Library. As of March 1, 2013, the Legal Information Institute is no longer maintaining the information in essays+ the American Legal Ethics Library. It is no longer possible for us to maintain it at essay, a level of completeness and accuracy given its staffing needs. It is very possible that we will revive it at a future time. At this point, it is in need of essays+, a complete technological renovation and reworking of the correspondent firm model which successfully sustained it for many years. Many people have contributed time and effort to the project over the years, and we would like to thank them. Homework Help Hotline Florida! In particular, Roger Cramton and Peter Martin not only conceived ALEL but gave much of their own labor to it.
We are also grateful to Brad Wendel for his editorial contributions, to Brian Toohey and essays+, all at Jones Day for their efforts, and to all of essays+, our correspondents and contributors. Thank you. We regret any inconvenience. Some portions of the collection may already be severely out of date, so please be cautious in your use of this material. New York Lawyer's Code of essays+, Professional Responsibility. The continued existence of a free and democratic society depends upon help florida recognition of the concept that justice is based upon the rule of law grounded in respect for the dignity of the essays+, individual and the capacity of the individual through reason for enlightened self-government. Law so grounded makes justice possible, for only through such law does the dignity of the individual attain respect and protection. Without it, individual rights become subject to unrestrained power, respect for law is destroyed, and rational self-government is impossible. Lawyers, as guardians of the law, play a vital role in the preservation of society.
The fulfillment of magazine, this role requires an understanding by lawyers of their relationship with and function in our legal system. Essays+! A consequent obligation of writing, lawyers is to maintain the essays+, highest standards of ethical conduct. In fulfilling professional responsibilities, a lawyer necessarily assumes various roles that require the performance of many difficult tasks. Not every situation which the lawyer may encounter can be foreseen, but fundamental ethical principles are always present for guidance. Within the framework of these principles, a lawyer must with courage and foresight be able and ready to shape the watsons go to, body of the law to the ever-changing relationships of society. The Code of Professional Responsibility points the way to the aspiring and essays+, provides standards by essays+ which to judge the transgressor. Each lawyer's own conscience must provide the touchstone against which to test the extent to which the essays+, lawyer's actions should rise above minimum standards. But in the last analysis it is the voorbeeld, desire for the respect and essays+, confidence of the members of the profession and of the society which the lawyer serves that should provide to a lawyer the essays+, incentive for the highest possible degree of essays+, ethical conduct.
The possible loss of that respect and confidence is the ultimate sanction. So long as its practitioners are guided by these principles, the dbq essay, law will continue to be a noble profession. This is its greatness and its strength, which permit of essays+, no compromise. The Code of thesis voorbeeld, Professional Responsibility consists of essays+, three separate but interrelated parts: Canons, Ethical Considerations, and Disciplinary Rules. The Code is uci application essay, designed to be both an inspirational guide to essays+ the members of the profession and homework hotline, a basis for disciplinary action when the essays+, conduct of a lawyer falls below the required minimum standards stated in the Disciplinary Rules. Obviously the essays+, Canons, Ethical Considerations, and Disciplinary Rules cannot apply to essays+ non-lawyers; however, they do define the type of ethical conduct that the public has a right to expect not only of lawyers but also of their non-professional employees and associates in all matters pertaining to professional employment. A lawyer should ultimately be responsible for magazine, the conduct of the lawyer's employees and associates in the course of the professional representation of the client. The Canons are statements of axiomatic norms, expressing in general terms the standards of professional conduct expected of lawyers in their relationships with the public, with the legal system, and with the essays+, legal profession. They embody the general concepts from which the Ethical Considerations and essays+, the Disciplinary Rules are derived. The Ethical Considerations are aspirational in character and represent the objectives toward which every member of the profession should strive. Essays+! They constitute a body of principles upon which the lawyer can rely for guidance in many specific situations.
The Disciplinary Rules, unlike the Ethical Considerations, are mandatory in dbq essay character. The Disciplinary Rules state the minimum level of conduct below which no lawyer can fall without being subject to disciplinary action. The Disciplinary Rules should be uniformly applied to essays+ all lawyers, regardless of the writing, nature of their professional activities. The Code makes no attempt to prescribe either disciplinary procedures or penalties for violation of a Disciplinary Rule, nor does it undertake to define standards for civil liability of lawyers for professional conduct. The severity of judgment against one found guilty of violating a Disciplinary Rule should be determined by essays+ the character of the offense and the attendant circumstances. An enforcing agency, in applying the Disciplinary Rules, may find interpretive guidance in the basic principles embodied in homework the Canons and in the objectives reflected in the Ethical Considerations. No codification of principles can expressly cover all situations that may arise. Accordingly, conduct that does not appear to violate the express terms of essays+, any Disciplinary Rule nevertheless may be found by an enforcing agency to be the subject of hotline florida, discipline on the basis of essays+, a general principle illustrated by a Disciplinary Rule or on the basis of an accepted common law principle applicable to lawyers. (a) Differing interests include every interest that will adversely affect either the judgment or the loyalty of homework hotline, a lawyer to a client, whether it be a conflicting, inconsistent, diverse, or other interest.
(b) Law firm includes, but is essays+, not limited to, a professional legal corporation, a limited liability company or partnership engaged in the practice of law, the legal department of a corporation or other organization and a qualified legal assistance organization. (c) Person includes a corporation, an association, a trust, a partnership, and any other organization or legal entity. (d) Professional legal corporation means a corporation, or an association treated as a corporation, authorized by law to practice law for profit. (e) State includes the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and hotline, other federal territories and possessions. (f) Tribunal includes all courts, arbitrators and all other adjudicatory bodies. (h) Qualified legal assistance organization means an office or organization of essays+, one of the four types listed in DR 2-103 [1200.8] (D)(1) through (4), inclusive, that meets all the requirements thereof. (i) Fraud does not include conduct, although characterized as fraudulent by statute or administrative rule, which lacks an element of go to essay, scienter, deceit, intent to mislead, or knowing failure to essays+ correct misrepresentations which can be reasonably expected to induce detrimental reliance by another.
(j) Domestic relations matters means representation of a client in magazine writing a claim, action or proceeding, or preliminary to the filing of essays+, a claim, action or proceeding, in either Supreme Court or Family Court, or in essays+ any court of appellate jurisdiction, for divorce, separation, annulment, custody, visitation, maintenance, child support, or alimony, or to enforce or modify a judgment or order in essays+ connection with any such claims, actions or proceedings. 11. Advertisement means any public or private communication made by or on behalf of a lawyer or law firm about that lawyer or law firm's services, the primary purpose of which is for homework, the retention of the lawyer or law firm. It does not include communications to existing clients or other lawyers. 12. Computer-accessed communication means any communication made by or on behalf of a lawyer or law firm that is disseminated through the essays+, use of a computer or related electronic device, including, but not limited to, web sites, weblogs, search engines, electronic mail, banner advertisements, pop-up and pop-under advertisements, chat rooms, list servers, instant messaging, or other internet presences, and any attachments or links related thereto. * ?Confidence? and ?Secret? are defined in essays+ DR 4-101 [1200.19] (A). Essays+! ?Sexual relations? is defined in dbq essay DR 5-111 [1200.29] (A). Essays+! ?Copy? is defined in DR 9-102 [1200.46] (D)(10). ** As used in this publication, all references in brackets [ ] are to the Disciplinary Rules of the Code of Professional Responsibility, promulgated as joint rules of the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court and set forth in Part 1200 of Title 22 of New York Codes, Rules and Regulations (NYCRR). Watsons Go To Essay Question! ?Statement of Client?s Rights,? 22 NYCRR Part 1210. CANON 1. A Lawyer Should Assist in Maintaining the Integrity and Competence of the Legal Profession. A basic tenet of the professional responsibility of lawyers is that every person in essays+ our society should have ready access to the independent professional services of a lawyer of integrity and competence.
Maintaining the integrity and improving the competence of the bar to meet the highest standards is the ethical responsibility of every lawyer. The public should be protected from those who are not qualified to be lawyers by reason of a deficiency in education or moral standards or of hotline, other relevant factors but who nevertheless seek to practice law. To assure the maintenance of high moral and educational standards of the legal profession, lawyers should affirmatively assist courts and other appropriate bodies in essays+ promulgating, enforcing, and improving requirements for admission to the bar. In like manner, the bar has a positive obligation to aid in the continued improvement of all phases of pre-admission and post-admission legal education. Before recommending an applicant for admission, a lawyer should be satisfied that the applicant is of good moral character.
Although a lawyer should not become a self-appointed investigator or judge of applicants for admission, the lawyer should report to proper officials all unfavorable information the lawyer possesses relating to the character or other qualifications of an applicant. The integrity of the profession can be maintained only homework help florida if conduct of lawyers in violation of the Disciplinary Rules is brought to essays+ the attention of the proper officials. Thesis Voorbeeld! A lawyer should reveal voluntarily to those officials all knowledge, other than knowledge protected as a confidence or secret, of conduct of another lawyer which the lawyer believes clearly to be a violation of the Disciplinary Rules that raises a substantial question as to the other lawyer's honesty, trustworthiness or fitness in other respects as a lawyer. A lawyer should, upon request, serve on and assist committees and essays+, boards having responsibility for the administration of the Disciplinary Rules. A lawyer should maintain high standards of professional conduct and should encourage other lawyers to do likewise. A lawyer should be temperate and dignified, and should refrain from all illegal and homework help florida, morally reprehensible conduct. Because of the lawyer's position in essays+ society, even minor violations of law by a lawyer may tend to lessen public confidence in the legal profession. Obedience to law exemplifies respect for law.
To lawyers especially, respect for the law should be more than a platitude. An applicant for admission to the bar or a lawyer may be unqualified, temporarily or permanently, for other than moral and educational reasons, such as mental or emotional instability. Lawyers should be diligent in taking steps to writing see that during a period of essays+, disqualification such person is not granted a license or, if licensed, is not permitted to uci application practice. In like manner, when the disqualification has terminated, members of the bar should assist such person in being licensed, or, if licensed, in being restored to essays+ the full right to practice. A lawyer should avoid bias and condescension toward, and treat with dignity and respect, all parties, witnesses, lawyers, court employees, and other persons involved in the legal process.
A law firm should adopt measures giving reasonable assurance that all lawyers in homework help hotline the firm conform to the Disciplinary Rules and that the conduct of non-lawyers employed by the firm is compatible with the professional obligations of the essays+, lawyers in the firm. Such measures may include informal supervision and occasional admonition, a procedure whereby junior lawyers can make confidential referral of ethical problems directly to watsons essay a designated senior lawyer or special committee, and continuing legal education in essays+ professional ethics. Provision of essay, Nonlegal Services. For many years, lawyers have provided non-legal services to their clients. By participating in the delivery of these services, lawyers can serve a broad range of essays+, economic and other interests of clients. Whenever a lawyer directly provides non-legal services, the essays+, lawyer must avoid confusion on the part of the essays+, client as to the nature of the lawyer?s role, so that the person for whom the non-legal services are performed understands that the services may not carry with them the legal and ethical protections that ordinarily accompany an attorney-client relationship. The recipient of the non-legal services may expect, for example, that the protection of client confidences and secrets, prohibitions against representation of persons with conflicting interests, and obligations of a lawyer to maintain professional independence apply to dbq essay outlines the provision of non-legal services, when that may not be the case.
The risk of confusion is essays+, especially acute when the lawyer renders both legal and non-legal services with respect to the same matter. Under some circumstances, the dbq essay outlines, legal and essays+, non-legal services may be so closely entwined that they cannot be distinguished from essays+, each other. In this situation, the essays+, recipient is likely to voorbeeld be confused as to whether and when the relationship is protected as an attorney-client relationship. Therefore, where the legal and non-legal services are not distinct, DR 1-106(A)(1) requires that the lawyer providing non-legal services adhere to essays+ all of the requirements of the Code of Professional Responsibility with respect to the non-legal services. DR 1-106(A)(1) applies to the provision of non-legal services by a law firm if the person for whom the non-legal services are being performed is also receiving legal services from the firm that are not distinct from the non-legal services.
Even when the lawyer believes that the provision of non-legal services is distinct from any legal services being provided, there is uci application essay, still a risk that the recipient of the non-legal services might reasonably believe that the recipient is receiving the protection of an attorney-client relationship. Therefore, DR 1-106(A)(2) requires that the lawyer providing the non-legal services adhere to the Disciplinary Rules, unless exempted. Essays+! Nonlegal services also may be provided through an entity with which a lawyer is affiliated, for example, as owner, controlling party or agent. In this situation, there is still a risk that the recipient of the non-legal services might reasonably believe that the thesis, recipient is receiving the protection of an attorney-client relationship. Therefore, DR 1-106(A)(3) requires that the essays+, lawyer involved with the entity providing non-legal services adhere to all the Disciplinary Rules with respect to essays+ the non-legal services, unless exempted.
The Disciplinary Rules will be presumed to apply to a lawyer who directly provides or is otherwise involved in the provision of non-legal services unless the lawyer complies with DR 1-106(A)(4) by communicating in writing to the person receiving the non-legal services that the services are not legal services and that the protection of an attorney-client relationship does not exist with respect to essays+ the non-legal services. Such a communication should be made before entering into an agreement for the provision of non-legal services, in a manner sufficient to essays+ assure that the person understands the significance of the communication. In certain circumstances, however, additional steps may be required to communicate the desired understanding. For example, while the written disclaimer set forth in essays+ DR 1-106(A)(4) will be adequate for watsons go to essay question, a sophisticated user of legal and non-legal services, a more detailed explanation may be required for essays+, someone unaccustomed to making distinctions between legal services and non-legal services. The lawyer or law firm will not be required to comply with these requirements if its interest in the entity providing the non-legal services is so small as to be de minimis. Although a lawyer may be exempt from the application of Disciplinary Rules with respect to non-legal services on the face of DR 1-106(A), the scope of the exemption is not absolute.
A lawyer who provides or who is involved in the provision of non-legal services may be excused from compliance with only those Disciplinary Rules that are dependent upon the existence of a representation or attorney-client relationship. Other rules, such as those prohibiting lawyers from voorbeeld, engaging in illegal, dishonest, fraudulent or deceptive conduct (DR 1-102), requiring lawyers to essays+ report certain attorney misconduct (DR 1-103), and prohibiting lawyers from misusing the confidences or secrets of voorbeeld, a former client (DR 4-101(B)), apply to essays+ a lawyer irrespective of the existence of dbq essay, a representation, and thus govern a lawyer otherwise exempt under DR 1-106(A). A lawyer or law firm is always subject to essays+ these Disciplinary Rules with respect to the rendering of legal services. Contractual Relationships Between Lawyers and Nonlegal Professionals. DR 1-107 permits lawyers to enter into interprofessional contractual relationships for the systematic and continuing provision of legal and non-legal professional services provided the non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm with which the lawyer or law firm is affiliated does not own, control, supervise or manage, directly or indirectly, in whole or in part, the practice of law by the lawyer or law firm.
The non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm may not play a role in, for writing, example, the decision whether to accept or terminate an engagement to provide legal services in a particular matter or to a particular client, determining the manner in essays+ which lawyers are hired or trained, the assignment of lawyers to handle particular matters or to provide legal services to particular clients, decisions relating to the undertaking of pro bono publico and other public-interest legal work, financial and budgetary decisions relating to the legal practice, and determining the compensation and advancement of lawyers and go to birmingham essay question, of persons assisting lawyers on legal matters. The contractual relationship permitted by essays+ DR 1-107 may provide for the sharing of premises, general overhead, or administrative costs and services on an arm?s length basis. Such financial arrangements, in the context of an agreement between lawyers and other professionals to provide legal and other professional services on a systematic and continuing basis, are permitted subject to the requirements of DR 2-103(B)(1) and DR 1-107(D). Similarly, lawyers participating in such arrangements remain subject to general ethical principles in addition to those set forth in DR 1-107 including, at a minimum, DR 2-102(B), DR 5-105(A), DR 5-105(B), DR 5-107(B), DR 5-107(C), and DR 5-108(A). Thus, the lawyer or law firm may not, for example, include in dbq essay outlines its firm name the name of the non-legal professional service firm or any individual non-legal professional, or enter into formal partnerships with non-lawyers, or practice in an organization authorized to practice law for a profit in which non-lawyers own any interest. Moreover, a lawyer or law firm may not enter into an agreement or arrangement for the use of a name in respect of essays+, which a non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm has or exercises a proprietary interest if, under or pursuant to the agreement or arrangement, that non-legal professional or firm acts or is entitled to act in a manner inconsistent with DR 1-107(A)(2) or EC 1-13. More generally, although the existence of a contractual relationship permitted by writing DR 1-107 does not by essays+ itself create a conflict of writing, interest violating DR 5-101(A) whenever a law firm represents a client in a matter in essays+ which the non-legal professional service firm?s client is also involved, the law firm?s interest in maintaining an advantageous relationship with the non-legal professional service firm might, in certain circumstances, adversely affect the independent professional judgment of the law firm, creating a conflict of interest. Each lawyer and law firm having a contractual relationship under DR 1-107 has an ethical duty to observe these Disciplinary Rules with respect to its own conduct in the context of the contractual relationship. For example, the lawyer or law firm cannot permit its obligation to writing maintain client confidences as required by DR 4-101 to be compromised by the contractual relationship or by its implementation by or on behalf of non-lawyers involved in the relationship.
In addition, the prohibition in DR 1-102(A)(2) against a lawyer or law firm circumventing a Disciplinary Rule through actions of essays+, another applies generally to the lawyer or law firm in the contractual relationship. The contractual relationship permitted under DR 1-107 may provide for the reciprocal referral of clients by and between the lawyer or law firm and the non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm. When in the context of such a contractual relationship a lawyer or law firm refers a client to the non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm, the lawyer or law firm shall observe the ethical standards of the legal profession in verifying the competence of the dbq essay outlines, non-legal professional or non-legal professional services firm to handle the relevant affairs and interests of the client. Referrals should only be made when requested by the client or deemed to be reasonably necessary to serve the client. Thus, even if otherwise permitted by DR 1-107, a contractual relationship may not require referrals on an exclusive basis. To assure that only appropriate professional services are involved, a contractual relationship for the provision of services is permitted under DR 1-107 only if the essays+, non-legal party thereto is a professional or professional service firm meeting appropriate standards as regards ethics, education, training, and licensing. The Appellate Divisions maintain a public list of eligible professions.
A member of a non-legal profession or professional service firm may apply for the inclusion of particular professions on the list, or professions may be added to the list by the Appellate Divisions sua sponte. A lawyer or law firm not wishing to affiliate with a non-lawyer on a systematic and continuing basis, but only to essay engage a non-lawyer on an ad hoc basis to assist in a specific matter, is not governed by DR 1-107 when so dealing with the non-lawyer. Thus, a lawyer advising a client in connection with a discharge of chemical wastes may engage the services of and essays+, consult with an environmental engineer on that matter without the need to dbq essay comply with DR 1-107. Likewise, the requirements of essays+, DR 1-107 need not be met when a lawyer retains an expert witness in a particular litigation. Depending upon homework hotline florida the extent and nature of the relationship between the lawyer or law firm, on the one hand, and the non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm, on the other hand, it may be appropriate to treat the parties to essays+ a contractual relationship permitted by DR 1-107 as a single law firm for purposes of these Disciplinary Rules, as would be the case if the non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm were in an ?of counsel? relationship with the lawyer or law firm.
If the parties to magazine writing the relationship are treated as a single law firm, the principal effects would be that conflicts of interest are imputed as between them pursuant to essays+ DR 5-105(D), and that the law firm would be required to maintain systems for determining whether such conflicts exist pursuant to DR 5-105(E). To the uci application, extent that the rules of essays+, ethics of the non-legal profession conflict with these Disciplinary Rules, the rules of the legal profession will still govern the conduct of the lawyers and the law firm participants in the relationship. A lawyer or law firm may also be subject to legal obligations arising from a relationship with non-lawyer professionals who are themselves subject to regulation. DR 1-101 [1200.2] Maintaining Integrity and Competence of the Legal Profession. A. A lawyer is subject to discipline if the lawyer has made a materially false statement in, or has deliberately failed to outlines disclose a material fact requested in essays+ connection with, the lawyer's application for admission to the bar. B. A lawyer shall not further the application for admission to the bar of uci application essay, another person that the essays+, lawyer knows to be unqualified in respect to character, education, or other relevant attribute.
A. A lawyer or law firm shall not: 1. Violate a Disciplinary Rule. 2. Circumvent a Disciplinary Rule through actions of another. 3. Engage in essays+ illegal conduct that adversely reflects on the lawyer's honesty, trustworthiness or fitness as a lawyer. 4. Engage in conduct involving dishonesty, fraud, deceit, or misrepresentation. 5. Essays+! Engage in dbq essay outlines conduct that is prejudicial to essays+ the administration of justice. 6. Magazine Writing! Unlawfully discriminate in the practice of law, including in hiring, promoting or otherwise determining conditions of employment, on the basis of age, race, creed, color, national origin, sex, disability, marital status, or sexual orientation. Where there is a tribunal with jurisdiction to hear a complaint, if timely brought, other than a Departmental Disciplinary Committee, a complaint based on unlawful discrimination shall be brought before such tribunal in the first instance. A certified copy of a determination by such a tribunal, which has become final and enforceable, and as to which the right to judicial or appellate review has been exhausted, finding that the lawyer has engaged in an unlawful discriminatory practice shall constitute prima facie evidence of professional misconduct in a disciplinary proceeding. 7. Engage in any other conduct that adversely reflects on the lawyer's fitness as a lawyer.
DR 1-103 [1200.4] Disclosure of Information to Authorities. A. A lawyer possessing knowledge, (1) not protected as a confidence or secret, or (2) not gained in the lawyer's capacity as a member of a bona fide lawyer assistance or similar program or committee, of essays+, a violation of DR 1-102 [1200.3] that raises a substantial question as to go to essay question another lawyer's honesty, trustworthiness or fitness as a lawyer shall report such knowledge to a tribunal or other authority empowered to investigate or act upon such violation. B. Essays+! A lawyer possessing knowledge or evidence, not protected as a confidence or secret, concerning another lawyer or a judge shall reveal fully such knowledge or evidence upon proper request of a tribunal or other authority empowered to investigate or act upon the conduct of thesis, lawyers or judges. DR 1-104 [1200.5] Responsibilities of a Partner or Supervisory Lawyer and Subordinate Lawyers. A. A law firm shall make reasonable efforts to ensure that all lawyers in the firm conform to the disciplinary rules. B. A lawyer with management responsibility in the law firm or direct supervisory authority over another lawyer shall make reasonable efforts to ensure that the other lawyer conforms to the disciplinary rules. C. A law firm shall adequately supervise, as appropriate, the work of partners, associates and non-lawyers who work at the firm.
The degree of essays+, supervision required is outlines, that which is reasonable under the circumstances, taking into account factors such as the experience of the person whose work is essays+, being supervised, the amount of work involved in a particular matter, and magazine, the likelihood that ethical problems might arise in the course of working on the matter. D. A lawyer shall be responsible for a violation of the Disciplinary Rules by another lawyer or for essays+, conduct of a non-lawyer employed or retained by or associated with the lawyer that would be a violation of the Disciplinary Rules if engaged in essays+ by a lawyer if: 1. The lawyer orders, or directs the essays+, specific conduct, or, with knowledge of the specific conduct, ratifies it; or. 2. The lawyer is a partner in the law firm in which the other lawyer practices or the non-lawyer is employed, or has supervisory authority over the other lawyer or the non-lawyer, and knows of essays+, such conduct, or in the exercise of essays+, reasonable management or supervisory authority should have known of the conduct so that reasonable remedial action could be or could have been taken at a time when its consequences could be or could have been avoided or mitigated. E. A lawyer shall comply with these Disciplinary Rules notwithstanding that the lawyer acted at the direction of another person. F. A subordinate lawyer does not violate these Disciplinary Rules if that lawyer acts in accordance with a supervisory lawyer?s reasonable resolution of an arguable question of professional duty. DR 1-105 [?1200.5-a] Disciplinary Authority and Choice of Law. A. A lawyer admitted to help practice in this state is subject to the disciplinary authority of essays+, this state, regardless of where the lawyer?s conduct occurs. A lawyer may be subject to the disciplinary authority of dbq essay outlines, both this state and another jurisdiction where the lawyer is admitted for the same conduct.
B. In any exercise of the disciplinary authority of this state, the rules of professional conduct to be applied shall be as follows: 1. For conduct in connection with a proceeding in a court before which a lawyer has been admitted to practice (either generally or for purposes of that proceeding), the rules to be applied shall be the rules of the jurisdiction in which the essays+, court sits, unless the rules of the watsons go to birmingham essay, court provide otherwise; and. 2. For any other conduct: a. If the lawyer is licensed to practice only in this state, the rules to be applied shall be the rules of this state, and. b. If the lawyer is licensed to practice in this state and another jurisdiction, the rules to essays+ be applied shall be the rules of the homework help hotline, admitting jurisdiction in which the lawyer principally practices; provided, however, that if particular conduct clearly has its predominant effect in another jurisdiction in which the lawyer is licensed to practice, the rules of that jurisdiction shall be applied to that conduct. DR 1-106 [1200.5-b] Responsibilities Regarding non-legal Services. A. With respect to lawyers or law firms providing non-legal services to clients or other persons:
1. Essays+! A lawyer or law firm that provides non-legal services to a person that are not distinct from legal services being provided to essays+ that person by the lawyer or law firm is subject to these Disciplinary Rules with respect to the provision of essays+, both legal and non-legal services. 2. A lawyer or law firm that provides non-legal services to uci application essay a person that are distinct from legal services being provided to that person by the lawyer or law firm is subject to these Disciplinary Rules with respect to the non-legal services if the essays+, person receiving the services could reasonably believe that the non-legal services are the subject of an attorney-client relationship. 3. A lawyer or law firm that is an owner, controlling party or agent of, or that is homework help florida, otherwise affiliated with, an entity that the lawyer or law firm knows to essays+ be providing non-legal services to a person is subject to these Disciplinary Rules with respect to the non-legal services if the person receiving the services could reasonably believe that the non-legal services are the subject of an attorney-client relationship. 4. For purposes of DR 1-106 [1200.5-b](A)(2) and DR 1-106 [1200.5-b](A)(3), it will be presumed that the person receiving non-legal services believes the services to be the subject of an attorney-client relationship unless the essay, lawyer or law firm has advised the essays+, person receiving the services in writing that the services are not legal services and essays+, that the protection of an attorney-client relationship does not exist with respect to the non-legal services, or if the interest of the essays+, lawyer or law firm in the entity providing non-legal services is de minimis. B. Notwithstanding the provisions of DR 1-106 [1200.5-b](A), a lawyer or law firm that is an owner, controlling party, agent, or is homework, otherwise affiliated with an entity that the essays+, lawyer or law firm knows is providing non-legal services to a person shall not permit any non-lawyer providing such services or affiliated with that entity to dbq essay direct or regulate the essays+, professional judgment of the lawyer or law firm in rendering legal services to any person, or to cause the lawyer or law firm to compromise its duty under DR 4-101 [1200.19](B) and (D) with respect to the confidences and secrets of homework florida, a client receiving legal services. C. For purposes of this Disciplinary Rule , ?non-legal services? shall mean those services that lawyers may lawfully provide and that are not prohibited as an unauthorized practice of law when provided by essays+ a non-lawyer. DR 1-107 [1200.5-c] Contractual Relationship Between Lawyers and Nonlegal Professionals. A. The practice of uci application, law has an essential tradition of complete independence and uncompromised loyalty to those it serves.
Recognizing this tradition, clients of lawyers practicing in New York State are guaranteed ?independent professional judgment and essays+, undivided loyalty uncompromised by dbq essay conflicts of interest?. Indeed, these guarantees represent the very foundation of the profession and allow and foster its continued role as a protector of the system of law. Therefore, a lawyer must remain completely responsible for essays+, his or her own independent professional judgment, maintain the homework help florida, confidences and secrets of essays+, clients, preserve funds of clients and third parties in his or her control, and otherwise comply with the legal and ethical principles governing lawyers in New York State. Multi-disciplinary practice between lawyers and outlines, non-lawyers is incompatible with the core values of the legal profession and, therefore, a strict division between services provided by lawyers and those provided by essays+ non-lawyers is essential to protect those values. Essays+! However, a lawyer or law firm may enter into and maintain a contractual relationship with a non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm for the purpose of essays+, offering to the public, on a systematic and continuing basis, legal services performed by the lawyer or law firm, as well as other non-legal professional services, notwithstanding the provisions of DR 5-101 [1200.20] (A), provided that:
1. The profession of the non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm is included in a list jointly established and maintained by the Appellate Divisions pursuant to section 1205.3 of the Joint Appellate Division Rules; 2. The lawyer or law firm neither grants to birmingham the non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm, nor permits such person or firm to obtain, hold or exercise, directly or indirectly, any ownership or investment interest in, or managerial or supervisory right, power or position in connection with the practice of essays+, law by the lawyer or law firm nor, as provided in DR 2-103 [1200.8] (B)(1), shares legal fees with a non-lawyer or receives or gives any monetary or other tangible benefit for giving or receiving a referral; and. 3. The fact that the thesis, contractual relationship exists is disclosed by essays+ the lawyer or law firm to any client of the lawyer or law firm before the client is referred to the non-legal professional service firm, or to any client of the non-legal professional service firm before that client receives legal services from the lawyer or law firm; and the client has given informed written consent and thesis, has been provided with a copy of the ?Statement of Client?s Rights In Cooperative Business Arrangements? pursuant to section 1205.4 of the Joint Appellate Divisions Rules. B. Essays+! For purposes of DR 1-107 [1200.5-c](A): 1. Each profession on the list maintained pursuant to uci application essay a joint rule of the Appellate Divisions shall have been designated sua sponte, or approved by essays+ the Appellate Divisions upon application of a member of magazine writing, a non-legal profession or non-legal professional service firm, upon a determination that the profession is composed of individuals who, with respect to their profession: a. have been awarded a Bachelor's Degree or its equivalent from an accredited college or university, or have attained an equivalent combination of educational credit from such a college or university on work experience; b. are licensed to practice the profession by an agency of the State of New York or the United States Government; and. c. are required under penalty of suspension or revocation of license to adhere to a code of ethical conduct that is essays+, reasonably comparable to that of the legal profession. 2. The term ?ownership or investment interest? shall mean any such interest in any form of debt or equity, and shall include any interest commonly considered to be an interest accruing to or enjoyed by an owner or investor. C. DR 1-107 [1200.5-c](A) shall not apply to relationships consisting solely of non-exclusive reciprocal referral agreements or understandings between a lawyer or law firm and essays+, a non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm. D. Notwithstanding DR 3-102 [1200.17](A), a lawyer or law firm may allocate costs and expenses with a non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm pursuant to a contractual relationship permitted by DR 1-107 [1200.5-c](A), provided the allocation reasonably reflects the costs and essays+, expenses incurred or expected to be incurred by magazine writing each. CANON 2. A Lawyer Should Assist the essays+, Legal Profession in Fulfilling its Duty to Make Legal Counsel Available.
The need of magazine, members of the essays+, public for legal services is met only if they recognize their legal problems, appreciate the importance of seeking assistance, and thesis, are able to obtain the essays+, services of acceptable legal counsel. Hence, important functions of the legal profession are to educate people to recognize their problems, to facilitate the process of intelligent selection of uci application essay, lawyers, and to assist in making legal services fully available. Recognition of Legal Problems. The legal professional should help the public to recognize legal problems because such problems may not be self-revealing and often are not timely noticed. Therefore, lawyers should encourage and participate in essays+ educational and public relations programs concerning our legal system with particular reference to legal problems that frequently arise.
Whether a lawyer acts properly in volunteering in-person advice to a non-lawyer to seek legal services depends upon the circumstances. The giving of advice that one should take legal action could well be in fulfillment of the duty of the magazine, legal profession to assist the public in recognizing legal problems. A lawyer who writes or speaks for the purpose of educating members of the public to recognize their legal problems should carefully refrain from essays+, giving or appearing to give a general solution applicable to all apparently similar individual problems since slight changes in fact situations may require a material variance in the applicable advice; otherwise, the writing, public may be misled and misadvised. Essays+! Talks and magazine, writings by lawyers for non-lawyers should caution them not to attempt to solve individual problems upon essays+ the basis of the information contained therein. Selection of a Lawyer. Formerly a potential client usually knew the reputations of local lawyers for competency and integrity and dbq essay outlines, therefore could select a practitioner in essays+ whom he or she had confidence. This traditional selection process worked well because it was initiated by the client and thesis voorbeeld, the choice was an informed one. Changed conditions, however, have seriously restricted the effectiveness of the essays+, traditional selection process. Often the essay, reputations of lawyers are not sufficiently known to enable potential users of legal services to essays+ make intelligent choices. Voorbeeld! The law has become increasingly complex and essays+, specialized. Few lawyers are willing and competent to deal with every kind of legal matter, and many people have difficulty in determining the competence of lawyers to render different types of legal services.
The selection of legal counsel is particularly difficult for transients, persons moving into new areas, persons of essays+, limited education or means, and others who have little or no contact with lawyers. Lack of essays+, information about the availability of uci application, lawyers, the qualifications of particular lawyers, the areas of law in which lawyers accept representation and the cost of legal services impedes the intelligent selection of lawyers. Selection of a lawyer should be made on essays+ an informed basis. Disclosure of truthful and relevant information about lawyers and their areas of practice should assist in go to birmingham essay the making of an informed selection. Disinterested and informed advice and recommendation of third parties--relatives, friends, acquaintances, business associates, or other lawyers--may also be helpful. The attorney client relationship is personal and unique and should not be established as a result of pressures and essays+, deceptions. A lawyer should ensure that the information contained in any advertising which the lawyer publishes, broadcasts or causes to be published or broadcast is relevant, is disseminated in an objective and understandable fashion, and would facilitate the prospective client's ability to select a lawyer. A lawyer should strive to communicate such information without undue emphasis upon style and thesis, advertising stratagems which serve to hinder rather than to essays+ facilitate intelligent selection of counsel. Although communications involving puffery and claims that cannot be measured or verified are not specifically referred to thesis in DR 2-101, such communications would be prohibited to the extent that they are false, deceptive or misleading.
In disclosing information, by advertisements or otherwise, relating to a lawyer's education, experience or professional qualifications, special care should be taken to avoid the use of any statement or claim which is false, fraudulent, misleading, deceptive or unfair, or which is violative of any statute or rule of court. A lawyer who advertises in a state other than New York should comply with the advertising rules or regulations applicable to essays+ lawyers in that state. The name under which a lawyer practices may be a factor in the selection process. Magazine! The use of a trade name or an assumed name could mislead non-lawyers concerning the identity, responsibility, and essays+, status of those practicing thereunder. For many years some law firms have used a firm name retaining one or more names of deceased or retired partners and such practice is not improper if the firm is a bona fide successor of a firm in which the deceased or retired person was a member, if the use of the name is authorized by law or by contract, and if the essays+, public is not misled thereby. Essays+! However, the name of a partner who withdraws from homework help, a firm but continues to practice law should be omitted from the firm name in order to avoid misleading the public. A lawyer occupying a judicial, legislative, or public executive or administrative position who has the right to practice law concurrently may allow his or her name to remain in the name of the firm if the lawyer actively continues to practice law as a member thereof. If the lawyer does not have the right to essays+ practice law concurrently, the lawyer's name should be removed from the firm name, and the lawyer should not be identified as a past or present member of the firm; and the lawyer should not hold himself or herself out as being a practicing lawyer. In order to avoid the possibility of misleading persons with whom a lawyer deals, a lawyer should be scrupulous in the representation of professional status. A lawyer should not hold himself or herself out as being a partner or associate of a law firm if not one in fact, and thus should not hold himself or herself out as being a partner or associate if the voorbeeld, lawyer only shares offices with another lawyer. The following, if used in public communications or communications to essays+ a prospective client, are likely to be false, deceptive or misleading: (1) a communication that promises the dbq essay outlines, outcome of any legal matter; (2) a communication that states or implies that the lawyer has the ability to influence improperly a court, court officer, governmental agency or government official; (3) a letter or other written communication made to appear as a legal document; (4) the inclusion of names, addresses and telephone numbers as required by DR 2-101(K) in a manner that is too small or too fast for an average viewer to receive the information in a meaningful fashion; (5) the use of essays+, dollar signs, the terms ?most cash? or ?maximum dollars,? or like terms that suggest the outcome of the legal matter; (6) the help hotline florida, use of an essays+ actor to portray the lawyer or another representative of the lawyer?s firm; or (7) any other use of an voorbeeld actor or use of a dramatization without meaningful disclosure thereof.
The legal profession has developed lawyer referral systems designed to aid individuals who are able to pay fees but need assistance in locating lawyers competent to essays+ handle their particular problems. Use of a lawyer referral system enables an individual to avoid an uninformed selection of a lawyer because such a system makes possible the employment of competent lawyers who have indicated an interest in the subject matter involved. Lawyers should support the principle of watsons birmingham essay question, lawyer referral systems and should encourage the evolution of other ethical plans which aid in essays+ the selection of qualified counsel. Persons unable to voorbeeld pay all or a portion of a reasonable fee should be able to obtain necessary legal services, and lawyers should support and essays+, participate in essay appropriate activities designed to achieve that objective. Financial Ability to Employ Counsel: Persons Able to Pay Reasonable Fees.
The determination of a proper fee requires consideration of the interests of both client and lawyer. A lawyer should not charge more than a reasonable fee, for essays+, excessive cost of legal service would deter non-lawyers from using the legal system to protect their rights and to minimize and resolve disputes. Furthermore, an excessive charge abuses the professional relationship between lawyer and client. The determination of the magazine writing, reasonableness of a fee requires consideration of essays+, all relevant circumstances, including those stated in the Disciplinary Rules. Uci Application Essay! The fees of a lawyer will vary according to many factors, including the essays+, time required, the lawyer's experience, ability, and reputation, the nature of the employment, the responsibility involved and the results obtained. It is a commendable and long-standing tradition of the bar that special consideration is given in the fixing of any fee for services rendered another lawyer or a member of the lawyer's immediate family. As soon as feasible after a lawyer has been employed, it is desirable that a clear agreement be reached with the uci application essay, client as to the basis of the fee charges to be made. Such a course will not only prevent later misunderstanding but will also work for good relations between the lawyer and the client.
It is essays+, usually beneficial to reduce to watsons writing the understanding of the parties regarding the fee, particularly when it is contingent. A lawyer should be mindful that many persons who desire to essays+ employ a lawyer may have had little or no experience with fee charges of lawyers, and for this reason lawyers should explain fully to such persons the reasons for the particular fee arrangement proposed. Contingent fee arrangements in civil cases have long been commonly accepted in the United States in proceedings to enforce claims. The historical bases of their acceptance are that (1) they often, and in a variety of circumstances, provide the only practical means by which one having a claim against another can economically afford, finance, and obtain the watsons go to, services of a competent lawyer to prosecute a claim, and (2) a successful prosecution of the claim produces a fund out of which the fee can be paid. Although a lawyer generally should decline to accept employment on a contingent fee basis by one who is essays+, able to go to birmingham essay pay a reasonable fixed fee, it is not necessarily improper for a lawyer, where justified by the particular circumstances of essays+, a case, to enter into a contingent fee contract in a civil case with any client who, after being fully informed of all relevant factors, desires that arrangement.
Because of the human relationships involved and the unique character of the proceedings, contingent fee arrangements in domestic relations matters are rarely justified. In administrative agency proceedings, contingent fee contracts should be governed by the same considerations as in other civil cases. Public policy properly condemns contingent fee arrangements in criminal cases, largely on the ground that legal services in criminal cases do not produce a fund out of which the fee can be paid. A lawyer should not accept compensation or anything of value incident to the lawyer's employment or services from one other than the client without the knowledge and writing, consent of the client after full disclosure. Without the essays+, consent of the client, a lawyer should not associate in a particular matter another lawyer outside the lawyer's firm. A fee may properly be divided between lawyers properly associated if the division is in proportion to go to birmingham the services performed by each lawyer or, by a writing given to the client, each lawyer assumes joint responsibility for the representation and if the total fee is essays+, reasonable. A lawyer should be zealous in efforts to avoid controversies over fees with clients and thesis voorbeeld, should attempt to resolve amicably any differences on the subject. A lawyer should not sue a client for a fee unless necessary to prevent fraud or gross imposition by the client.
Financial Ability to essays+ Employ Counsel: Persons Unable to Pay Reasonable Fees. A person whose financial ability is not sufficient to magazine permit payment of any fee cannot obtain legal services, other than in cases where a contingent fee is appropriate, unless the services are otherwise provided. Even a person of means may be unable to pay a reasonable fee, which is essays+, large because of the complexity, novelty, or difficulty of the problem or similar factors. A lawyer has an obligation to render public interest and pro bono legal service. Each lawyer should aspire to provide at least 20 hours of pro bono services annually by essay providing legal services at no fee and without expectation of fee to: (1) persons of limited financial means, or (2) not for profit, governmental or public service organizations, where the legal services are designed primarily to address the legal and essays+, other basic needs of voorbeeld, persons of limited financial means, or (3) organizations specifically designed to increase the availability of essays+, legal services to persons of limited financial means. Each lawyer also should provide financial support for such organizations to assist in providing legal services to persons of limited financial means. In addition to meeting the aspirational goals set forth above, a lawyer also should render public interest and pro bono legal service: (1) where the payment of standard legal fees would significantly deplete the recipients economic resources or would be otherwise inappropriate, by providing legal services at no fee or substantially reduced fees to individuals, organizations seeking to secure or protect civil rights, civil liberties or public rights, or to not for profit, government or public service organizations in watsons go to birmingham essay matters in furtherance of their organization purposes; or. (2) by providing legal services at essays+, a substantially reduced fee to person of limited financial means; or. (3) by participating without compensation in activities for magazine writing, improving the law, the legal system or the legal profession; or. (4) by providing legal services without compensation or at substantially reduced compensation in aid or support of the essays+, judicial system (including services as an arbitrator, mediator or neutral in court-annexed alternative dispute resolution).
Acceptance and Retention of Employment. A lawyer is under no obligation to act as advisor or advocate for every person who may wish to become a client; but in furtherance of the objective of the bar to magazine writing make legal services fully available, a lawyer should not lightly decline proffered employment. Essays+! The fulfillment of this objective requires acceptance by a lawyer of a fair share of tendered employment which may be unattractive both to the lawyer and the bar generally. History is replete with instances of distinguished sacrificial services by lawyers who have represented unpopular clients and causes. Regardless of personal feelings, a lawyer should not decline representation because a client or a cause is unpopular or community reaction is adverse. A lawyer's representation of a client, including representation by appointment, does not constitute an endorsement of the client's political, economic, social or moral views or activities. The personal preference of a lawyer to avoid adversary alignment against judges, other lawyers, public officials or influential members of the essays+, community does not justify rejection of essays+, tendered employment.
When a lawyer is appointed by essays+ a court or requested by a bar association to undertake representation of a person unable to obtain counsel, whether for financial or other reasons, the lawyer should not seek to be excused from undertaking the representation except for compelling reasons. Essays+! Compelling reasons do not include such factors as the repugnance of the subject matter of the proceeding, the identity or position of uci application, a person involved in the case, the belief of the lawyer that the defendant in a criminal proceeding is guilty, or the essays+, belief of the lawyer regarding the merits of the watsons go to essay, civil case. Employment should not be accepted by a lawyer who is essays+, unable to render competent service or who knows or it is homework florida, obvious that the person seeking to employ the lawyer desires to institute or maintain an essays+ action merely for the purpose of harassing or maliciously injuring another. Likewise, a lawyer should decline employment if the intensity of personal feelings, as distinguished from a community attitude, may impair effective representation of a prospective client. If a lawyer knows that a client has previously obtained counsel, the lawyer should not accept employment in the matter unless the other counsel approves or withdraws, or the client terminates the prior employment.
Full availability of legal counsel requires both that persons be able to obtain counsel and that lawyers who undertake representation complete the work involved. Trial counsel for a convicted defendant should continue to represent the client by advising whether to take an appeal and, if the uci application essay, appeal is essays+, prosecuted, by help representing the client through the appeal unless new counsel is substituted or withdrawal is permitted by the appropriate court. A decision by a lawyer to withdraw should be made only on the basis of compelling circumstances and, in a matter pending before a tribunal, the essays+, lawyer must comply with the rules of the tribunal regarding withdrawal. A lawyer should not withdraw without considering carefully and endeavoring to minimize the possible adverse effect on the rights of the client and the possibility of uci application, prejudice to the client as a result of the withdrawal. Even when withdrawal is justifiable, a lawyer should protect the welfare of the client by essays+ giving due notice of the withdrawal, suggesting employment of other counsel, delivering to the client all papers and property to which the c l ient is dbq essay outlines, entitled, cooperating with counsel subsequently employed, and otherwise endeavoring to essays+ minimize the possibility of harm.
Further, the lawyer should refund to the client any compensation not earned during the employment. As a part of the legal profession's commitment to the principle that high quality legal services should be available to all, lawyers are encouraged to cooperate with qualified legal assistance organizations providing prepaid legal services. Thesis! Such participation should at all times be in accordance with the basic tenets of the profession: independence, integrity, competence and devotion to essays+ the interests of individual clients. A lawyer so participating should make certain that the magazine, relationship with a qualified legal assistance organization in essays+ no way interferes with independent, professional representation of the interests of the individual client. A lawyer should avoid situations in which officials of the organization who are not lawyers attempt to direct lawyers concerning the manner in uci application which legal services are performed for essays+, individual members and should also avoid situations in essays+ which considerations of economy are given undue weight in determining the essays+, lawyers employed by an organization or the legal services to be performed for essay, the member or beneficiary, rather than competence and quality of service. A lawyer interested in essays+ maintaining the historic traditions of the profession and preserving the function of a lawyer as a trusted and independent advisor to individual members of homework hotline, society should carefully assess such factors when accepting employment by, or otherwise participating in a particular, qualified legal assistance organization and, while so participating, should adhere to the highest professional standards of effort and competence.
Sale of Law Practice. Lawyers and law firms , particularly sole practitioners, should have the ability to sell law practices, including good will, provided certain conditions, designed primarily to protect clients, are satisfied. Where a lawyer is deceased, disabled, or missing, the sale may be effected by the lawyer?s personal representative. Although the sale of a law practice should ideally result in the entire practice being transferred to a single buyer, there is no single-buyer requirement. Notice to essays+ clients of the sale of the practice should be timely provided, preferably as soon as possible after an agreement has been reached by the seller and the buyer, and in any event no later than as soon as practicable after the day of closing. The sale of litigated matters does not relieve the thesis, seller of his or her obligations under DR 2-110 regarding withdrawal. To the extent that conflicts of interest preclude the buyer from undertaking the representation of any particular clients of the essays+, seller, the seller shall, to the extent reasonably practicable, assist such clients in securing successor counsel. If the florida, client declines to essays+ engage successor counsel, and thesis voorbeeld, if the seller cannot properly withdraw from the representation under DR 2-110, the essays+, seller shall retain responsibility for the representation. Information concerning client confidences and secrets should not be disclosed to prospective buyers except to the extent permitted by DR 2-111. To the extent disclosures are made, extreme care should be taken to ensure that client confidences and secrets are protected by all lawyers who become privy to go to birmingham essay such information in the course of examining the seller?s practice for possible purchase.
Sellers should consider requiring prospective buyers to execute written confidentiality agreements prior to affording them access to any information concerning client matters. Improper Political Contributions. Campaign contributions by lawyers to government officials or candidates for public office who are, or may be, in a position to influence the award of a legal engagement may threaten governmental integrity by subjecting the recipient to a conflict of interest. Correspondingly, when a lawyer makes a significant contribution to a public official or an election campaign for a candidate for public office and is later engaged by the official to perform legal services for the official?s agency, it may appear that the official has been improperly influenced in selecting the lawyer, whether or not this is so. This appearance of influence reflects poorly on the integrity of the legal profession and government as a whole. For these reasons, just as the Code prohibits a lawyer from compensating or giving anything of essays+, value to help hotline florida a person or organization to recommend or obtain employment by a client, the essays+, Code prohibits a lawyer from making or soliciting a political contribution to any candidate for government office, government official, political campaign committee or political party, if a disinterested person would conclude that the contribution is magazine, being made or solicited for the purpose of obtaining or being considered eligible to essays+ obtain a government legal engagement. This would be true even in the absence of an understanding between the thesis, lawyer and any government official or candidate that special consideration will be given in return for the political contribution or solicitation. In determining whether a disinterested person would conclude that a contribution to a candidate for government office, government official, political campaign committee or political party is or has been made for the purpose of essays+, obtaining or being considered eligible to obtain a government legal engagement, the factors to dbq essay be considered include (a) whether legal work awarded to essays+ the contributor or solicitor, if any, was awarded pursuant to a process that was insulated from magazine writing, political influence, such as a ?Request for Proposal? process, (b) the amount of the contribution or the contributions resulting from a solicitation, (c) whether the contributor or any law firm with which the lawyer is essays+, associated has sought or plans to seek government legal work from the official or candidate, (d) whether the contribution or solicitation was made because of an magazine writing existing personal, family or non-client professional relationship with the government official or candidate, (e) whether prior to the contribution or solicitation in question, the contributor or solicitor had made comparable contributions or had engaged in comparable solicitations on behalf of governmental officials or candidates for public office for which the lawyer or any law firm with which the lawyer is associated did not perform or seek to perform legal work, (f) whether the contributor has made a contribution to the government official?s or candidate?s opponent(s) during the same campaign period and, if so, the amounts thereof and (g) whether the contributor is eligible to vote in the jurisdiction of the governmental official or candidate, and if not, whether other factors indicate that the contribution or solicitation was nonetheless made to further a genuinely held political, social or economic belief or interest rather than to obtain a legal engagement.
A. Essays+! A lawyer or law firm shall not use or disseminate or participate in writing the use or dissemination of any advertisement that: 1. contains statements or claims that are false, deceptive or misleading; or. 2. Essays+! violates a disciplinary rule. B. Subject to the provisions of subdivision (a), an advertisement may include information, as to: 1. legal and non-legal education, degrees and dbq essay outlines, other scholastic distinctions, dates of essays+, admission to any bar; areas of the law in which the lawyer or law firm practices, as authorized by this Part; public offices and magazine, teaching positions held; publications of law related matters authored by the lawyer; memberships in essays+ bar associations or other professional societies or organizations, including offices and committee assignments therein; foreign language fluency; and bona fide professional ratings; 2. names of clients regularly represented, provided that the client has given prior written consent; 3. Uci Application Essay! bank references; credit arrangements accepted; prepaid or group legal services programs in which the essays+, lawyer or law firm participates; non-legal services provided by uci application the lawyer or law firm or by an entity owned and controlled by the lawyer or law firm; the existence of contractual relationships between the lawyer or law firm and a non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm, to essays+ the extent permitted by DR 1-107 [1200.5-c], and the nature and extent of magazine writing, services available through those contractual relationships; and. 4. legal fees for initial consultation; contingent fee rates in civil matters when accompanied by a statement disclosing the information required by subdivision (p) of this section; range of fees for legal and non-legal services, provided that there be available to the public free of charge a written statement clearly describing the scope of each advertised service; hourly rates; and fixed fees for specified legal and non-legal services.
C. An advertisement shall not: 1. Essays+! include an voorbeeld endorsement of, or testimonial about, a lawyer or law firm from a client with respect to a matter still pending; 2. Essays+! include a paid endorsement of, or testimonial about, a lawyer or law firm without disclosing that the person is being compensated therefor; 3. include the portrayal of a judge, the voorbeeld, portrayal of a fictitious law firm, the use of a fictitious name to refer to lawyers not associated together in a law firm, or otherwise imply that lawyers are associated in a law firm if that is essays+, not the case; 4. use actors to portray the lawyer, members of the law firm, or clients, or utilize depictions of fictionalized events or scenes, without disclosure of same; 5. rely on techniques to obtain attention that demonstrate a clear and intentional lack of homework hotline, relevance to the selection of counsel, including the portrayal of essays+, lawyers exhibiting characteristics clearly unrelated to legal competence; 6. be made to resemble legal documents; or. 7. utilize a nickname, moniker, motto or trade name that implies an ability to obtain results in a matter.
D. An advertisement that complies with subdivision (e) of this section may contain the following: 1. statements that are reasonably likely to create an expectation about results the lawyer can achieve; 2. statements that compare the lawyers services with the services of other lawyers; 3. testimonials or endorsements of clients, where not prohibited by subdivision (c)(1) of this section, and of former clients; or. 4. statements describing or characterizing the quality of the lawyers or law firms services. E. It is permissible to thesis voorbeeld provide the information set forth in subdivision (d) of essays+, this section provided: 1. its dissemination does not violate subdivision (a) of this section; 2. it can be factually supported by the lawyer or law firm as of the writing, date on which the advertisement is published or disseminated; and. 3. Essays+! it is accompanied by thesis the following disclaimer: Prior results do not guarantee a similar outcome. F. Essays+! Every advertisement other than those appearing in a radio or television advertisement or in a directory, newspaper, magazine or other periodical (and any web sites related thereto), or made in person pursuant to DR 2-103(A)(1), shall be labeled Attorney Advertising on the first page, or on the home page in the case of magazine writing, a web site. If the communication is in the form of a self-mailing brochure or postcard, the words Attorney Advertising shall appear therein.
In the essays+, case of electronic mail, the subject line shall contain the notation ATTORNEY ADVERTISING. G. A lawyer or law firm shall not utilize: 1. Thesis Voorbeeld! a pop-up or pop-under advertisement in connection with computer-accessed communications, other than on the lawyer or law firms own web site or other internet presence; or. 2. meta tags or other hidden computer codes that, if displayed, would violate a disciplinary rule. H. All advertisements shall include the name, principal law office address and telephone number of the lawyer or law firm whose services are being offered. I. Any words or statements required by this rule to appear in an advertisement must be clearly legible and capable of being read by the average person, if written, and intelligible if spoken aloud. J. A lawyer or law firm advertising any fixed fee for essays+, specified legal services shall, at the time of fee publication, have available to the public a written statement clearly describing the scope of each advertised service, which statement shall be available to the client at the time of retainer for any such service. Such legal services shall include all those services which are recognized as reasonable and uci application, necessary under local custom in essays+ the area of practice in the community where the services are performed.
K. All advertisements shall be pre-approved by voorbeeld the lawyer or law firm and a copy shall be retained for a period of not less than three years following its initial dissemination. Any advertisement contained in essays+ a computer- accessed communication shall be retained for a period of not less than one year. A copy of the contents of any web site covered by this section shall be preserved upon the initial publication of the essays+, web site, any major web site redesign, or a meaningful and essays+, extensive content change, but in no event less frequently than once every 90 days. L. If a lawyer or law firm advertises a range of dbq essay outlines, fees or an hourly rate for services, the lawyer or law firm shall not charge more than the fee advertised for such services. Essays+! If a lawyer or law firm advertises a fixed fee for specified legal services, or performs services described in a fee schedule, the lawyer or law firm shall not charge more than the fixed fee for such stated legal service as set forth in essays+ the advertisement or fee schedule, unless the client agrees in essays+ writing that the services performed or to be performed were not legal services referred to or implied in the advertisement or in the fee schedule and, further, that a different fee arrangement shall apply to the transaction. M. Unless otherwise specified in magazine writing the advertisement, if a lawyer publishes any fee information authorized under this Disciplinary Rule in a publication which is published more frequently than once per essays+, month, the lawyer shall be bound by any representation made therein for dbq essay, a period of not less than 30 days after such publication. If a lawyer publishes any fee information authorized under this Rule in a publication which is published once per month or less frequently, the lawyer shall be bound by any representation made therein until the publication of the succeeding issue. If a lawyer publishes any fee information authorized under this Rule in a publication which has no fixed date for publication of a succeeding issue, the lawyer shall be bound by any representation made therein for a reasonable period of time after publication, but in no event less than 90 days. N. Unless otherwise specified, if a lawyer broadcasts any fee information authorized under this Rule, the lawyer shall be bound by any representation made therein for a period of not less than 30 days after such broadcast. O. A lawyer shall not compensate or give any thing of value to essays+ representatives of the press, radio, television or other communication medium in anticipation of or in return for professional publicity in essays+ a news item.
P. All advertisements that contain information about the essays+, fees charged by the lawyer or law firm, including those indicating that in the absence of dbq essay outlines, a recovery no fee will be charged, shall comply with the provisions of Judiciary Law 488(3). DR 2-102 [1200.7] Professional Notices, Letterheads, and Signs. A. A lawyer or law firm may use internet web sites, professional cards, professional announcement cards, office signs, letterheads or similar professional notices or devices, provided the same do not violate any statute or court rule, and are in accordance with DR 2-101 [1200.6], including the following: 1. Essays+! A professional card of essays+, a lawyer identifying the essays+, lawyer by writing name and as a lawyer, and giving addresses, telephone numbers, the name of the law firm, and any information permitted under DR 2-101 [1200.6] (B), DR 2-105 [1200.10]. A professional card of a law firm may also give the names of members and associates. 2. A professional announcement card stating new or changed associations or addresses, change of firm name, or similar matters pertaining to the professional offices of a lawyer or law firm or any non-legal business conducted by the lawyer or law firm pursuant to section DR 1-106 [1200.5-b]. It may state biographical data, the names of essays+, members of the magazine, firm and associates and the names and dates of predecessor firms in a continuing line of succession. It may state the nature of the legal practice if permitted under DR 2-105 [1200.10]. 3. A sign in or near the office and in the building directory identifying the law office and essays+, any non-legal business conducted by the lawyer or law firm pursuant to DR 1-106 [1200.5-b].
The sign may state the nature of the legal practice if permitted under DR 2-105 [1200.10]. 4. A letterhead identifying the lawyer by name and as a lawyer, and giving addresses, telephone numbers, the essays+, name of the law firm, associates and any information permitted under DR 2-101 [1200.6] (B), or DR 2-105 [1200.10]. A letterhead of a law firm may also give the essays+, names of members and watsons go to birmingham essay, associates, and names and dates relating to deceased and essays+, retired members. Uci Application Essay! A lawyer or law firm may be designated Of Counsel on a letterhead if there is a continuing relationship with a lawyer or law firm, other than as a partner or associate. A lawyer or law firm may be designated as General Counsel or by similar professional reference on stationery of a client if the lawyer or the firm devotes a substantial amount of professional time in the representation of that client. The letterhead of a law firm may give the essays+, names and essay, dates of predecessor firms in a continuing line of succession.
B. A lawyer in private practice shall not practice under a trade name, a name that is misleading as to the identity of the lawyer or lawyers practicing under such name, or a firm name containing names other than those of one or more of the lawyers in the firm, except that the name of a professional corporation shall contain P.C. or such symbols permitted by essays+ law, the name of a limited liability company or partnership shall contain L.L.C., L.L.P. or such symbols permitted by law, and, if otherwise lawful, a firm may use as, or continue to include in its name the name or names of one or more deceased or retired members of the firm or of a predecessor firm in a continuing line of succession. Such terms as legal clinic, legal aid, legal service office, legal assistance office, defender office and the like, may be used only by qualified legal assistance organizations, except that the term legal clinic may be used by any lawyer or law firm provided the essay, name of a participating lawyer or firm is incorporated therein. A lawyer or law firm may not include the name of a non-lawyer in essays+ its firm name, nor may a lawyer or law firm that has a contractual relationship with a non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm pursuant to DR 1-107 [1200.5-c] to provide legal and other professional services on a systematic and continuing basis include in its firm name the name of the non-legal professional service firm or any individual non-legal professional affiliated therewith. A lawyer who assumes a judicial, legislative or public executive or administrative post or office shall not permit his or her name to magazine writing remain in essays+ the name of a law firm or to be used in professional notices of the firm during any significant period in which the lawyer is not actively and regularly practicing law as a member of the firm and, during such period, other members of the firm shall not use the lawyer's name in the firm name or in professional notices of the firm. C. A lawyer shall not hold himself or herself out as having a partnership with one or more other lawyers unless they are in fact partners. D. Uci Application! A partnership shall not be formed or continued between or among lawyers licensed in different jurisdictions unless all enumerations of the members and associates of the firm on its letterhead and in other permissible listings make clear the jurisdictional limitations on those members and essays+, associates of the firm not licensed to practice in all listed jurisdictions; however, the magazine writing, same firm name may be used in each jurisdiction. E. A lawyer or law firm may utilize a domain name for essays+, an internet web site that does not include the dbq essay outlines, name of the lawyer or law firm provided: 1. all pages of the essays+, web site clearly and conspicuously include the actual name of the lawyer or law firm; 2. the birmingham essay, lawyer or law firm in no way attempts to engage in the practice of law using the domain name; 3. the domain name does not imply an ability to obtain results in essays+ a matter; and. 4. the uci application essay, domain name does not otherwise violate a disciplinary rule.
F. A lawyer or law firm may utilize a telephone number which contains a domain name, nickname, moniker or motto that does not otherwise violate a disciplinary rule. DR 2-103 [1200.08] Solicitation and Recommendation of Professional Employment. A. A lawyer shall not engage in solicitation: 1. by in-person or telephone contact, or by real-time or interactive computer-accessed communication unless the recipient is a close friend, relative, former client or current client; or. 2. by essays+ any form of communication if: a. the communication or contact violates DR 2-101 (A), DR 2-103(G) or DR 7-111; b. the dbq essay outlines, recipient has made known to the lawyer a desire not to be solicited by the lawyer; c. the solicitation involves coercion, duress or harassment; d. the lawyer knows or reasonably should know that the age or the physical, emotional or mental state of the recipient makes it unlikely that the recipient will be able to exercise reasonable judgment in retaining a lawyer; or. e. the lawyer intends or expects, but does not disclose, that the legal services necessary to handle the matter competently will be performed primarily by another lawyer who is not affiliated with the soliciting lawyer as a partner, associate or of counsel. B. For purposes of this section solicitation means any advertisement initiated by or on behalf of a lawyer or law firm that is directed to, or targeted at, a specific recipient or group of recipients, or their family members or legal representatives, the primary purpose of which is the retention of the essays+, lawyer or law firm, and a significant motive for which is pecuniary gain. It does not include a proposal or other writing prepared and delivered in response to a specific request of a prospective client. C. Essays+! A solicitation directed to essays+ a recipient in this State, shall be subject to the following provisions: 1. Dbq Essay! a copy of the essays+, solicitation shall at the time of its dissemination be filed with the attorney disciplinary committee of the judicial district or judicial department wherein the lawyer or law firm maintains its principal office.
Where no such office is maintained, the filing shall be made in the judicial department where the solicitation is targeted. A filing shall consist of: a. Essays+! a copy of the solicitation; b. Essays+! a transcript of the audio portion of any radio or television solicitation; and. c. if the solicitation is in homework help florida a language other than English, an accurate English language translation. 2. such solicitation shall contain no reference to the fact of filing. 3. Essays+! if a solicitation is directed to a predetermined recipient, a list containing the names and addresses of all recipients shall be retained by the lawyer or law firm for a period of not less than three years following the essays+, last date of its dissemination. 4. solicitations filed pursuant to this subdivision shall be open to public inspection. 5. the provisions of this subdivision shall not apply to: (i) a solicitation directed or disseminated to a close friend, relative, or former or existing client; (ii) a web site maintained by the lawyer or law firm, unless the essays+, web site is designed for and directed to or targeted at a prospective client affected by an identifiable actual event or occurrence or by an identifiable prospective defendant; or. (iii) professional cards or other announcements the distribution of which is authorized by writing DR 2-102(A). D. A lawyer shall not compensate or give anything of value to a person or organization to essays+ recommend or obtain employment by a client, or as a reward for having made a recommendation resulting in employment by a client, except that: 1. A lawyer or law firm may refer clients to a non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm pursuant to a contractual relationship with such non-legal professional or non-legal professional service firm to provide legal and other professional services on a systematic and continuing basis as permitted by DR 1-107, provided however that such referral shall not otherwise include any monetary or other tangible consideration or reward for watsons birmingham essay question, such, or the sharing of essays+, legal fees; or.
2. A lawyer may pay the help, usual and reasonable fees or dues charged by essays+ a qualified legal assistance organization or referral fees to another lawyer as permitted by DR 2-107. E. A written solicitation shall not be sent by a method that requires the recipient to travel to a location other than that at which the recipient ordinarily receives business or personal mail or that requires a signature on the part of the recipient. F. A lawyer or the lawyer's partner or associate or any other affiliated lawyer may be recommended, employed or paid by, or may cooperate with one of the following offices or organizations which promote the use of the lawyer's services or those of a partner or associate or any other affiliated lawyer, or request one of the following offices or organizations to recommend or promote the use of the lawyer's services or those of the lawyer's partner or associate, or any other affiliated lawyer as a private practitioner, if there is no interference with the exercise of uci application essay, independent professional judgment on essays+ behalf of the client: 1. a legal aid office or public defender office: a. Magazine Writing! operated or sponsored by essays+ a duly accredited law school; b. Uci Application Essay! operated or sponsored by a bona fide, non-profit community organization; c. operated or sponsored by a governmental agency; or. d. Operated, sponsored, or approved by a bar association; 2. A military legal assistance office; 3. A lawyer referral service operated, sponsored or approved by a bar association or authorized by law or court rule;
4. Any bona fide organization which recommends, furnishes or pays for essays+, legal services to its members or beneficiaries provided the essays+, following conditions are satisfied: a. Neither the lawyer, nor the lawyer's partner, nor associate, nor any other affiliated lawyer nor any non-lawyer, shall have initiated or promoted such organization for the primary purpose of providing financial or other benefit to such lawyer, partner, associate or affiliated lawyer. b. Such organization is not operated for the purpose of procuring legal work or financial benefit for any lawyer as a private practitioner outside of the legal services program of the essays+, organization. c. Go To Essay Question! The member or beneficiary to whom the legal services are furnished, and not such organization, is recognized as the client of the lawyer in the matter. d. The legal service plan of such organization provides appropriate relief for any member or beneficiary who asserts a claim that representation by counsel furnished, selected or approved by essays+ the organization for the particular matter involved would be unethical, improper or inadequate under the circumstances of the matter involved; and the plan provides an appropriate procedure for seeking such relief. e. The lawyer does not know or have cause to know that such organization is in violation of applicable laws, rules of court or other legal requirements that govern its legal service operations. f. Such organization has filed with the appropriate disciplinary authority, to the extent required by such authority, at homework hotline florida, least annually a report with respect to its legal service plan, if any, showing its terms, its schedule of benefits, its subscription charges, agreements with counsel and financial results of its legal service activities or, if it has failed to essays+ do so, the lawyer does not know or have cause to know of such failure.
G. No solicitation relating to uci application a specific incident involving potential claims for essays+, personal injury or wrongful death shall be disseminated before the homework florida, 30th day after the date of the incident, unless a filing must be made within 30 days of the essays+, incident as a legal prerequisite to the particular claim, in which case no unsolicited communication shall be made before the 15th day after the date of the incident. H. Any solicitation made in writing or by computer-accessed communication and directed to magazine writing a pre-determined recipient, if prompted by a specific occurrence involving or affecting a recipient, shall disclose how the lawyer obtained the identity of the recipient and essays+, learned of the recipients potential legal need. I. Thesis! If a retainer agreement is provided with any solicitation, the top of each page shall be marked SAMPLE in essays+ red ink in a type size equal to the largest type size used in dbq essay outlines the agreement and the words DO NOT SIGN shall appear on the client signature line. J. Any solicitation covered by essays+ this section shall include the name, principal law office address and telephone number of the lawyer or law firm whose services are being offered. K. The provisions of help, this section shall apply to a lawyer or members of a law firm not admitted to essays+ practice in this State who solicit retention by essay residents of this State. DR 2-104 [1200.9] Suggestion of Need of Legal Services. C. A lawyer may accept employment which results from participation in essays+ activities designed to educate the public to recognize legal problems, to essays+ make intelligent selection of counsel or to utilize available legal services. D. A lawyer who is recommended, furnished or paid by a qualified legal assistance organization may represent a member or beneficiary thereof, to the extent and under the conditions prescribed therein. E. Without affecting the right to accept employment, a lawyer may speak publicly or write for publication on essays+ legal topics so long as the lawyer does not undertake to give individual advice.
F. If success in asserting rights or defenses of a client in litigation in the nature of a class action is dependent upon the joinder of essay, others, a lawyer may accept employment from those contacted for the purpose of obtaining their joinder, provided such acceptance does not violate any statute or court rule in the judicial department in which the lawyer practices. DR 2-105 [1200.10] Identification of Practice and Specialty. A. Essays+! A lawyer or law firm may publicly identify one or more areas of law in which the lawyer or the law firm practices, or may state that the practice of the lawyer or law firm is uci application essay, limited to one or more areas of essays+, law, provided that the lawyer or law firm shall not state that the lawyer or law firm is a specialist or specializes in a particular field of law, except as provided in DR 2-105 [1200.10] (B) or (C). B. A lawyer admitted to engage in patent practice before the United States Patent and Trademark Office may use the designation Patent Attorney or a substantially similar designation. C. A lawyer may state that the dbq essay, lawyer has been recognized or certified as a specialist only as follows: 1. A lawyer who is certified as a specialist in a particular area of law or law practice by a private organization approved for that purpose by the American Bar Association may state the fact of certification if, in conjunction therewith, the essays+, certifying organization is identified and the following statement is prominently made: The [name of the private certifying organization] is magazine writing, not affiliated with any governmental authority. Certification is not a requirement for the practice of law in the State of New York and does not necessarily indicate greater competence than other attorneys experienced in essays+ this field of law. 2. A lawyer who is certified as a specialist in homework help a particular area of law or law practice by the authority having jurisdiction over specialization under the essays+, laws of another state or territory may state the fact of certification if, in homework help hotline florida conjunction therewith, the certifying state or territory is identified and the following statement is prominently made: Certification granted by the [identify state or territory] is not recognized by any governmental authority within the State of New York.
Certification is not a requirement for the practice of law in the State of New York and does not necessarily indicate greater competence than other attorneys experienced in essays+ this field of law. DR 2-106 [1200.11] Fee for uci application essay, Legal Services. A. A lawyer shall not enter into an agreement for, charge or collect an illegal or excessive fee. B. A fee is excessive when, after a review of the facts, a lawyer of ordinary prudence would be left with a definite and firm conviction that the fee is in excess of essays+, a reasonable fee. Factors to be considered as guides in thesis voorbeeld determining the reasonableness of a fee include the following:
1. The time and essays+, labor required, the novelty and difficulty of the questions involved and writing, the skill requisite to perform the legal service properly. 2. The likelihood, if apparent or made known to the client, that the acceptance of the particular employment will preclude other employment by the lawyer. 3. The fee customarily charged in the locality for similar legal services. 4. The amount involved and the results obtained. 5. Essays+! The time limitations imposed by the client or by circumstances.
6. The nature and help hotline florida, length of the professional relationship with the client. 7. The experience, reputation and essays+, ability of the lawyer or lawyers performing the services. 8. Whether the fee is fixed or contingent. C. Magazine! A lawyer shall not enter into an arrangement for, charge or collect: 1. A contingent fee for representing a defendant in a criminal case. 2. Any fee in a domestic relations matter: a. The payment or amount of which is essays+, contingent upon the securing of a divorce or in any way determined by reference to the amount of maintenance, support, equitable distribution, or property settlement; b. Unless a written retainer agreement is signed by the lawyer and client setting forth in plain language the nature of the relationship and the details of the fee arrangement. A lawyer shall not include in the written retainer agreement a nonrefundable fee clause; or. c. Based upon a security interest, confession of judgment or other lien, without prior notice to the client in a signed retainer agreement and approval from dbq essay outlines, a tribunal after notice to essays+ the adversary.
A lawyer shall not foreclose on a mortgage placed on the marital residence while the spouse who consents to the mortgage remains the titleholder and the residence remains the spouse's primary residence. 3. A fee proscribed by law or rule of court. D. Promptly after a lawyer has been employed in watsons go to birmingham question a contingent fee matter, the lawyer shall provide the client with a writing stating the method by essays+ which the fee is to be determined, including the percentage or percentages that shall accrue to the lawyer in the event of settlement, trial or appeal, litigation and essay, other expenses to be deducted from the recovery and whether such expenses are to be deducted before or, if not prohibited by statute or court rule, after the contingent fee is calculated. Upon conclusion of a contingent fee matter, the lawyer shall provide the client with a written statement stating the outcome of the matter, and if there is a recovery, showing the essays+, remittance to the client and the method of its determination. E. Thesis Voorbeeld! Where representation is in essays+ a civil matter, a lawyer shall resolve fee disputes by dbq essay arbitration at the election of the client pursuant to essays+ a fee arbitration program established by the Chief Administrator of the Courts and approved by the justices of the Appellate Divisions. F. In domestic relations matters, a lawyer shall provide a prospective client with a statement of client?s rights and responsibilities at the initial conference and essays+, prior to the signing of a written retainer agreement.
DR 2-107 [1200.12] Division of essays+, Fees Among Lawyers. A. A lawyer shall not divide a fee for legal services with another lawyer who is not a partner in or associate of the lawyer's law firm, unless: 1. The client consents to employment of the other lawyer after a full disclosure that a division of fees will be made. 2. Homework Hotline Florida! The division is in proportion to essays+ the services performed by each lawyer or, by a writing given the client, each lawyer assumes joint responsibility for the representation. 3. The total fee of the lawyers does not exceed reasonable compensation for all legal services they rendered the dbq essay outlines, client.
B. This Disciplinary Rule does not prohibit payment to a former partner or associate pursuant to a separation or retirement agreement. DR 2-108 [1200.13] Agreements Restricting the essays+, Practice of a Lawyer. A. A lawyer shall not be a party to or participate in a partnership or employment agreement with another lawyer that restricts the essays+, right of essays+, a lawyer to practice law after the termination of a relationship created by the agreement, except as a condition to payment of retirement benefits. B. In connection with the settlement of a controversy or suit, a lawyer shall not enter into an agreement that restricts the right of a lawyer to practice law. DR 2-109 [1200.14] Obligation to Decline Employment. A. Go To! A lawyer shall not accept employment on behalf of a person if the lawyer knows or it is obvious that such person wishes to: 1.Bring a legal action, conduct a defense, or assert a position in litigation, or otherwise have steps taken for such person merely for the purpose of harassing or maliciously injuring any person. 2. Present a claim or defense in litigation that is essays+, not warranted under existing law, unless it can be supported by a good faith argument for an extension, modification, or reversal of existing law.
DR 2-110 [1200.15] Withdrawal from Employment. 1. If permission for withdrawal from employment is required by the rules of a tribunal, a lawyer shall not withdraw from employment in a proceeding before that tribunal without its permission. 2. Even when withdrawal is otherwise permitted or required under section DR 2-110 [1200.15] (A)(l), (B), or (C), a lawyer shall not withdraw from employment until the lawyer has taken steps to thesis voorbeeld the extent reasonably practicable to avoid foreseeable prejudice to essays+ the rights of the client, including giving due notice to essays+ the client, allowing time for essays+, employment of other counsel, delivering to the client all papers and property to which the client is essays+, entitled and complying with applicable laws and rules. 3. A lawyer who withdraws from employment shall refund promptly any part of a fee paid in advance that has not been earned. B. Mandatory withdrawal. A lawyer representing a client before a tribunal, with its permission if required by its rules, shall withdraw from employment, and a lawyer representing a client in other matters shall withdraw from employment, if: 1. The lawyer knows or it is obvious that the client is bringing the legal action, conducting the defense, or asserting a position in essays+ the litigation, or is otherwise having steps taken, merely for the purpose of harassing or maliciously injuring any person.
2. The lawyer knows or it is obvious that continued employment will result in violation of watsons, a Disciplinary Rule. 3. The lawyer's mental or physical condition renders it unreasonably difficult to carry out the essays+, employment effectively. 4. The lawyer is discharged by his or her client. C. Permissive withdrawal. Except as stated in DR 2-110 [1200.15](A), a lawyer may withdraw from representing a client if withdrawal can be accomplished without material adverse effect on the interests of the watsons question, client, or if: a. Insists upon presenting a claim or defense that is not warranted under existing law and cannot be supported by good faith argument for essays+, an extension, modification, or reversal of existing law. b. Persists in a course of action involving the lawyer's services that the essay, lawyer reasonably believes is essays+, criminal or fraudulent. c. Insists that the lawyer pursue a course of conduct which is illegal or prohibited under the Disciplinary Rules. d. By other conduct renders it unreasonably difficult for the lawyer to carry out employment effectively. e. Insists, in a matter not pending before a tribunal, that the lawyer engage in conduct which is contrary to the judgment and advice of the lawyer but not prohibited under the thesis, Disciplinary Rules. f. Essays+! Deliberately disregards an homework hotline agreement or obligation to the lawyer as to essays+ expenses or fees.
g. Has used the lawyer's services to perpetrate a crime or fraud. 2 . The lawyer's continued employment is essays+, likely to result in a violation of a Disciplinary Rule. 3. The lawyer's inability to work with co-counsel indicates that the best interests of the client likely will be served by withdrawal. 4. The lawyer's mental or physical condition renders it difficult for essays+, the lawyer to carry out the essays+, employment effectively. 5. The lawyer's client knowingly and freely assents to termination of the employment. 6. The lawyer believes in essays+ good faith, in a proceeding pending before a tribunal, that the writing, tribunal will find the existence of other good cause for withdrawal. DR 2-111 [1200.15-a] Sale of Law Practice. A. A lawyer retiring from a private practice of essays+, law, a law firm one or more members of which are retiring from the private practice of law with the firm, or the personal representative of outlines, a deceased, disabled or missing lawyer, may sell a law practice, including good will, to one or more lawyers or law firms, who may purchase the practice. The seller and the buyer may agree on reasonable restrictions on the seller's private practice of law, notwithstanding any other provision of this Code. Retirement shall include the cessation of the private practice of law in the geographic area, that is, the county and city and any county or city contiguous thereto, in which the practice to be sold has been conducted.
B. Confidences and Secrets. 1. With respect to each matter subject to essays+ the contemplated sale, the seller may provide prospective buyers with any information not protected as a confidence or secret under DR 4-101 [1200.19]. 2. Notwithstanding DR 4-101 [1200.19], the seller may provide the prospective buyer with information as to individual clients: a. concerning the identity of the client, except as provided in DR 2-111 [1200.15-a] (B)(6); b. concerning the status and general nature of the matter; c. available in public court files; and, d. concerning the financial terms of the attorney-client relationship and the payment status of the client's account. 3. Prior to making any disclosure of confidences or secrets that may be permitted under DR 2-111 [1200.15-a] (B)(2), the seller shall provide the prospective buyer with information regarding the matters involved in dbq essay the proposed sale sufficient to enable the prospective buyer to determine whether any conflicts of interest exist. Where sufficient information cannot be disclosed without revealing client confidences or secrets, the seller may make the disclosures necessary for essays+, the prospective buyer to determine whether any conflict of interest exists, subject to DR 2-111 [1200.15-a] (B)(6).
If the outlines, prospective buyer determines that conflicts of interest exist prior to reviewing the essays+, information, or determines during the course of review that a conflict of writing, interest exists, the essays+, prospective buyer shall not review or continue to review the information unless seller shall have obtained the consent of the client in accordance with DR 4-101 [1200.19] (C)(1). 4. Prospective buyers shall maintain the help, confidentiality of and shall not use any client information received in connection with the proposed sale in essays+ the same manner and to the same extent as if the watsons go to essay, prospective buyers represented the essays+, client. 5. Absent the essays+, consent of the client after full disclosure, a seller shall not provide a prospective buyer with information if doing so would cause a violation of the attorney-client privilege. 6. If the seller has reason to essays+ believe that the identity of the client or the fact of the representation itself constitutes a confidence or secret in the circumstances, the watsons go to birmingham essay, seller may not provide such information to a prospective buyer without first advising the client of the identity of the essays+, prospective buyer and dbq essay, obtaining the client's consent to the proposed disclosure. C. Written notice of the sale shall be given jointly by the seller and the buyer to each of the seller's clients and shall include information regarding: 1. The client's right to retain other counsel or to take possession of the file; 2. Essays+! The fact that the client's consent to essays+ the transfer of the client's file or matter to essays+ the buyer will be presumed if the client does not take any action or otherwise object within 90 days of the essays+, sending of the essays+, notice, subject to any court rule or statute requiring express approval by the client or a court; 3. The fact that agreements between the seller and the seller's clients as to fees will be honored by the buyer; 4. Proposed fee increases, if any, permitted under DR 2-111 [1200.15-e] (E); and. 5. The identity and background of the buyer or buyers, including principal office address, bar admissions, number of years in outlines practice in the state , whether the buyer has ever been disciplined for professional misconduct or convicted of a crime, and essays+, whether the buyer currently intends to re-sell the practice. D. When the buyer's representation of a client of the seller would give rise to a waivable conflict of interest, the writing, buyer shall not undertake such representation unless the necessary waiver or waivers have been obtained in writing.
E. The fee charged a client by the buyer shall not be increased by reason of the sale, unless permitted by a retainer agreement with the client or otherwise specifically agreed to by the client. CANON 3. A Lawyer Should Assist in Preventing the Unauthorized Practice of Law. The prohibition against the practice of law by a non-lawyer is grounded in the need of the public for integrity and competence of those who undertake to render legal services. Because of the fiduciary and personal character of the lawyer-client relationship and essays+, the inherently complex nature of our legal system, the public can better be assured of the requisite responsibility and competence if the practice of law is question, confined to those who are subject to the requirements and regulations imposed upon essays+ members of the watsons go to, legal profession. The sensitive variations in the considerations that bear on legal determinations often make it difficult even for a lawyer to exercise appropriate professional judgment, and it is therefore essential that the personal nature of the essays+, relationship of client and magazine, lawyer be preserved. Competent professional judgment is the product of a trained familiarity with law and legal processes, a disciplined, analytical approach to legal problems, and a firm ethical commitment. A non-lawyer who undertakes to handle legal matters is not governed as to integrity or legal competence by the same rules that govern the conduct of a lawyer.
A lawyer is not only subject to that regulation but also is committed to high standards of ethical conduct. The public interest is best served in legal matters by a regulated profession committed to such standards. The Disciplinary Rules protect the essays+, public in that they prohibit a lawyer from seeking employment by improper overtures, from acting in cases of magazine writing, divided loyalties, and from submitting to the control of others in the exercise of essays+, judgment. Moreover, a person who entrusts legal matters to a lawyer is protected by the attorney-client privilege and by the duty of the lawyer to hold inviolate the confidences and secrets of the client. A person who seeks legal services often is not in a position to judge whether he or she will receive proper professional attention. The entrustment of a legal matter may well involve the confidences, the writing, reputation, the essays+, property, the freedom, or even the magazine writing, life of the client.
Proper protection of members of the public demands that no person be permitted to essays+ act in the confidential and demanding capacity of a lawyer without being subject to homework florida the regulations of the legal profession. It is essays+, neither necessary nor desirable to attempt the formulation of a single, specific definition of what constitutes the practice of law. Functionally, the practice of law relates to the rendition of services for others that call for the professional judgment of a lawyer. The essence of the professional judgment of the lawyer is the educated ability to relate the general body and philosophy of law to a specific legal problem of a client; and thus, the public interest will be better served if only lawyers are permitted to act in matters involving professional judgment. Where this professional judgment is not involved, non-lawyers, such as court clerks, police officers, abstracters, and go to essay, many governmental employees, may engage in occupations that require a special knowledge of law in essays+ certain areas. But the services of a lawyer are essential in the public interest whenever the exercise of professional legal judgment is required. A lawyer often delegates tasks to clerks, secretaries, and other lay persons. Such delegation is proper if the lawyer maintains a direct relationship with the client, supervises the delegated work, and has complete professional responsibility for the work product. This delegation enables a lawyer to render legal service more economically and efficiently.
The prohibition against a non-lawyer practicing law does not prevent a non-lawyer from representing himself or herself, for then only that person is ordinarily exposed to possible injury. Hotline Florida! The purpose of the legal profession is to essays+ make educated legal representation available to the public; but anyone who does not wish to take advantage of such representation is essays+, not required to do so. Even so, the essays+, legal profession should help members of the public to recognize legal problems and to understand why it may be unwise for them to act for themselves in matters having legal consequences. Since a lawyer should not aid or encourage a non-lawyer to practice law, the lawyer should not practice law in watsons go to birmingham essay question association with a non-lawyer or otherwise share legal fees with a non-lawyer. This does not mean, however, that the pecuniary value of the essays+, interest of a deceased lawyer in a firm or practice may not be paid to the lawyer's estate or specified persons such as the lawyer's spouse or heirs. Birmingham! In like manner, profit-sharing compensation or retirement plans of a lawyer or law firm which include non-lawyer office employees are not improper. These limited exceptions to the rule against essays+ sharing legal fees with non-lawyers are permissible since they do not aid or encourage non-lawyers to practice law. Regulation of the practice of law is accomplished principally by the respective states.
Authority to engage in the practice of law conferred in any jurisdiction is not per se a grant of the right to practice elsewhere, and it is improper for a lawyer to watsons question engage in practice where not permitted by law or by court order to do so. However, the demands of business and the mobility of our society pose distinct problems in the regulation of the practice of law by the states. Essays+! In furtherance of the public interest, the legal profession should discourage regulation that unreasonably imposes territorial limitations upon the right of a lawyer to handle the legal affairs of a client or upon the opportunity of a client to obtain the services of a lawyer of the client's choice in all matters including the presentation of a contested matter in a tribunal before which the lawyer is not permanently admitted to practice. DR 3-101 [1200.16] Aiding Unauthorized Practice of Law. A. A lawyer shall not aid a non-lawyer in the unauthorized practice of law. B. Uci Application Essay! A lawyer shall not practice law in a jurisdiction where to essays+ do so would be in violation of voorbeeld, regulations of the profession in essays+ that jurisdiction. DR 3-102 [1200.17] Dividing Legal Fees with a non-lawyer.
A. A lawyer or law firm shall not share legal fees with a non-lawyer, except that: 1. An agreement by a lawyer with his or her firm, partner, or associate may provide for the payment of money, over a reasonable period of time after the homework florida, lawyer's death, to the lawyer's estate or to one or more specified persons. 2. A lawyer who undertakes to complete unfinished legal business of a deceased lawyer may pay to the estate of the deceased lawyer that proportion of the total compensation which fairly represents the essays+, services rendered by the deceased lawyer. 3. A lawyer or law firm may compensate a non-lawyer employee, or include a non-lawyer employee in a retirement plan, based in whole or in outlines part on a profit-sharing arrangement. DR 3-103 [1200.18] Forming a Partnership with a non-lawyer. A. A lawyer shall not form a partnership with a non-lawyer if any of the activities of the partnership consist of the practice of law. CANON 4. A Lawyer Should Preserve the Confidences and essays+, Secrets of a Client.
Both the fiduciary relationship existing between lawyer and client and the proper functioning of the legal system require the preservation by the lawyer of confidences and dbq essay outlines, secrets of one who has employed or sought to employ the lawyer. A client must feel free to discuss anything with his or her lawyer and a lawyer must be equally free to obtain information beyond that volunteered by essays+ the client. A lawyer should be fully informed of all the facts of the matter being handled in order for the client to obtain the full advantage of our legal system. It is for the lawyer in the exercise of independent professional judgment to separate the relevant and important from the irrelevant and homework florida, unimportant. The observance of the ethical obligation of essays+, a lawyer to hold inviolate the confidences and dbq essay, secrets of a client not only essays+ facilitates the full development of facts essential to proper representation of the client but also encourages non-lawyers to seek early legal assistance.
The obligation to protect confidences and thesis, secrets obviously does not preclude a lawyer from revealing information when the client consents after full disclosure, when necessary to perform the essays+, lawyer's professional employment, when permitted by essays+ a Disciplinary Rule, or when required by law. Unless the client otherwise directs, a lawyer may disclose the affairs of the client to partners or associates of his or her firm. It is a matter of common knowledge that the normal operation of a law office exposes confidential professional information to non-lawyer employees of the office, particularly secretaries and those having access to the files; and essays+, this obligates a lawyer to exercise care in selecting and training employees so that the dbq essay, sanctity of all confidences and secrets of clients may be preserved. If the obligation extends to two or more clients as to the same information, a lawyer should obtain the permission of all before revealing the essays+, information. A lawyer must always be sensitive to the rights and wishes of the writing, client and essays+, act scrupulously in the making of decisions which may involve the disclosure of dbq essay outlines, information obtained in the professional relationship. Thus, in the absence of consent of the client after full disclosure, a lawyer should not associate another lawyer in the handling of a matter; nor should the lawyer, in the absence of consent, seek counsel from essays+, another lawyer if there is a reasonable possibility that the identity of the client or the client's confidences or secrets would be revealed to such lawyer. Both social amenities and homework help hotline florida, professional duty should cause a lawyer to shun indiscreet conversations concerning clients. Unless the client otherwise directs, it is not improper for a lawyer to give limited information to an outside agency necessary for statistical, bookkeeping, accounting, data processing, banking, printing, or other legitimate purposes, provided the lawyer exercises due care in the selection of the agency and warns the agency that the information must be kept confidential. The attorney-client privilege is more limited than the ethical obligation of a lawyer to guard the essays+, confidences and essays+, secrets of the client. This ethical precept, unlike the evidentiary privilege, exists without regard to the nature or source of information or the fact that others share the knowledge. A lawyer should endeavor to act in a manner which preserves the evidentiary privilege; for example, the lawyer should avoid professional discussions in the presence of persons to essays+ whom the privilege does not extend.
A lawyer owes an obligation to advise the essays+, client of the attorney-client privilege and timely to assert the privilege unless it is waived by the client. A lawyer should not use information acquired in the course of the essays+, representation of a client to the disadvantage of the client and a lawyer should not use, except with the consent of the magazine, client after full disclosure, such information for the lawyer's own purposes. Likewise, a lawyer should be diligent in his or her efforts to prevent the misuse of such information by employees and associates. Care should be exercised by a lawyer to prevent the disclosure of the confidences and secrets of one client to another, and no employment should be accepted that might require such disclosure. The obligation to protect confidences and essays+, secrets of a client continues after the termination of employment. For example, a lawyer might provide for the personal papers of the client to be returned to the client and for the papers of the lawyer to be delivered to watsons question another lawyer or to be destroyed. In determining the method of essays+, disposition, the instructions and wishes of the client should be a dominant consideration. DR 2-111 sets forth the procedures for protecting confidences and secrets of clients in connection with the sale of a law practice. The lawyer's exercise of discretion to disclose confidences and secrets requires consideration of a wide range of homework florida, factors and should not be subject to essays+ reexamination. A lawyer is afforded the writing, professional discretion to reveal the intention of a client to commit a crime and essays+, the information necessary to prevent the crime and cannot be subjected to discipline either for revealing or not revealing such intention or information.
In exercising this discretion, however, the lawyer should consider such factors as the seriousness of the potential injury to homework help florida others if the prospective crime is committed, the likelihood that it will be committed and its imminence, the apparent absence of any other feasible way in which the potential injury can be prevented, the extent to which the essays+, client may have attempted to involve the lawyer in the prospective crime, the circumstances under which the lawyer acquired the information of the client's intent, and any other possibly aggravating or extenuating circumstances. In any case, a disclosure adverse to the client's interest should be no greater than the watsons go to question, lawyer reasonably believes necessary to the purpose. DR 4-101 [1200.19] Preservation of essays+, Confidences and Secrets of outlines, a Client. A. Confidence refers to information protected by the attorney-client privilege under applicable law, and secret refers to other information gained in the professional relationship that the client has requested be held inviolate or the disclosure of which would be embarrassing or would be likely to be detrimental to the client. B. Except when permitted under DR 4-101 [1200.19] (C), a lawyer shall not knowingly: 1. Reveal a confidence or secret of a client. 2. Use a confidence or secret of a client to essays+ the disadvantage of the client. 3. Use a confidence or secret of a client for the advantage of the lawyer or of magazine writing, a third person, unless the client consents after full disclosure.
C. A lawyer may reveal: 1. Confidences or secrets with the consent of the client or clients affected, but only after a full disclosure to them. 2. Confidences or secrets when permitted under Disciplinary Rules or required by law or court order. 3. The intention of a client to commit a crime and the information necessary to prevent the essays+, crime. 4. Confidences or secrets necessary to establish or collect the lawyer's fee or to defend the lawyer or his or her employees or associates against an accusation of homework help hotline florida, wrongful conduct. 5. Confidences or secrets to the extent implicit in withdrawing a written or oral opinion or representation previously given by essays+ the lawyer and watsons go to birmingham question, believed by the lawyer still to be relied upon by a third person where the lawyer has discovered that the essays+, opinion or representation was based on materially inaccurate information or is being used to further a crime or fraud. D. A lawyer shall exercise reasonable care to prevent his or her employees, associates, and others whose services are utilized by the lawyer from disclosing or using confidences or secrets of a client, except that a lawyer may reveal the uci application essay, information allowed by DR 4-101 [1200.19] (C) through an employee. CANON 5. Essays+! A Lawyer Should Exercise Independent Professional Judgment on Behalf of a Client. The professional judgment of a lawyer should be exercised, within the bounds of the law, solely for the benefit of the client and free of compromising influences and thesis voorbeeld, loyalties. Neither the lawyer's personal interests, the interests of essays+, other clients, nor the desires of third persons should be permitted to dilute the lawyer's loyalty to the client. Interests of essays+, a Lawyer That May Affect the Lawyer's Judgment.
A lawyer should not accept proffered employment if the lawyer's personal interests or desires will, or there is reasonable probability that they will, affect adversely the advice to be given or services to be rendered the prospective client. After accepting employment, a lawyer carefully should refrain from acquiring a property right or assuming a position that would tend to make his or her judgment less protective of the interests of the client. The self-interest of essays+, a lawyer resulting from ownership of property in which the client also has an interest or which may affect property of the client may interfere with the exercise of free judgment on behalf of the client. If such interference would occur with respect to a prospective client, a lawyer should decline proffered employment. After accepting employment, a lawyer should not acquire property rights that would adversely affect the lawyer's professional judgment in the representation of the client. Even if the property interests of a lawyer do not presently interfere with the exercise of independent judgment, but the likelihood of interference can be reasonably foreseen by the lawyer, the lawyer should explain the situation to the client and should decline employment or withdraw unless after full disclosure the client consents, preferably in writing, to the continuance of the relationship. A lawyer should not seek to persuade a client to permit the lawyer to invest in essays+ an undertaking of the client nor make improper use of a professional relationship to influence the client to invest in an enterprise in which the lawyer is interested. As a general principle, all transactions between client and lawyer should be fair and reasonable to the client. Essays+! In such transactions, a review by independent counsel on behalf of the client is often advisable. Furthermore, a lawyer may not exploit information relating to the representation to uci application essay the client?s disadvantage.
For example, a lawyer who has learned that the client is investing in specific real estate may not, without the client?s consent, seek to essays+ acquire nearby property where doing so would adversely affect the client?s plan for investment. A lawyer may, however, enter into standard commercial transactions with a client for magazine writing, products and services that the client generally markets to others, for example, banking or brokerage services, medical services, products manufactured or distributed by the client, and utilities services. In such transactions, the lawyer has no advantage in essays+ dealing with the client and restrictions are unnecessary and essays+, impracticable. If, in the course of the representation of a client, a lawyer is permitted to receive from the client a beneficial ownership in literary or media rights relating to the subject matter of the employment, the lawyer may be tempted to subordinate the interests of the essays+, client to the lawyer's own anticipated pecuniary gain. For example, a lawyer in a criminal case who obtains from the thesis, client television, radio, motion picture, newspaper, magazine, book, or other literary or media rights with respect to the case may be influenced, consciously or unconsciously, to a course of essays+, conduct that will enhance the value of the literary or media rights to the prejudice of the client. To prevent these potentially differing interests, such arrangements should be scrupulously avoided prior to the termination of all aspects of the matter giving rise to the employment, even though the employment has previously ended. Voorbeeld! Likewise, arrangements with third parties, such as book, newspaper or magazine publishers or television, radio or motion picture producers, pursuant to essays+ which the lawyer conveys whatever literary or media rights the lawyer may have, should not be entered into prior to the conclusion of the matter. A lawyer should not suggest to the client that a gift be made to the lawyer or for the lawyer's benefit. If a lawyer accepts a gift from the client, the lawyer is peculiarly susceptible to the charge that he or she unduly influenced or overreached the client. Uci Application! If a client voluntarily offers to make a gift to the lawyer, the lawyer may accept the gift, but before doing so, should urge that the essays+, client secure disinterested advice from an independent, competent person who is cognizant of essays+, all the circumstances. Other than in essays+ exceptional circumstances, a lawyer should insist that an instrument in outlines which the client desires to name the lawyer beneficially be prepared by another lawyer selected by the client.
A lawyer should not consciously influence a client to name the lawyer as executor, trustee, or lawyer in an instrument. Essays+! In those cases where a client wishes to name the essays+, lawyer as such, care should be taken by the lawyer to avoid even the essays+, appearance of impropriety. The possibility of an adverse effect upon the exercise of free judgment by the lawyer on behalf of the client during litigation generally makes it undesirable for the lawyer to acquire a proprietary interest in the cause of the client or otherwise to become financially interested in the outcome of the litigation. However, it is not improper for uci application essay, a lawyer to essays+ protect the right to magazine writing collect a fee for essays+, his or her services by the assertion of legally permissible liens, even though by doing so the lawyer may acquire an interest in the outcome of essays+, litigation. Although a contingent fee arrangement gives a lawyer a financial interest in the outcome of litigation, a reasonable contingent fee is permissible in civil cases because it may be the only means by which a non-lawyer can obtain the services of a lawyer of his or her choice. But a lawyer, who is in a better position to evaluate a cause of action, should enter into a contingent fee arrangement only in those instances where the essays+, arrangement will be beneficial to the client. A financial interest in the outcome of litigation also results if monetary advances are made by the lawyer to uci application the client. Although this assistance generally is not encouraged, there are instances when it is not improper to make loans to a client.
For example, the advancing or guaranteeing of payment of the costs and expenses of litigation by a lawyer may be the only way a client can enforce a cause of action, but the essays+, ultimate liability for such costs and expenses must be that of the client except, where not prohibited by law or court rule, in the case of an indigent client represented on a pro bono basis. Occasionally a lawyer is called upon to homework help florida decide in a particular case whether the lawyer will be a witness or an advocate. If a lawyer is both counsel and witness on a significant issue, the lawyer becomes more easily impeachable for interest and thus may be a less effective witness. Conversely, the opposing counsel may be handicapped in challenging the credibility of the lawyer when the lawyer also appears as an advocate on issues of fact in the case. Essays+! An advocate who becomes a witness is in the unseemly and homework help hotline florida, ineffective position of arguing his or her own credibility. The roles of an essays+ advocate on issues of fact and of a witness are inconsistent; the function of an advocate is to advance or argue the thesis voorbeeld, cause of another, while that of a witness is to state facts objectively. Problems incident to the lawyer-witness relationship arise at different stages; they relate either to whether a lawyer should accept employment or should withdraw from employment.
Regardless of when the problem arises, the lawyer's decision is to essays+ be governed by the same basic considerations. It is birmingham essay question, not objectionable for a lawyer who is a potential witness to be an advocate on issues of fact if it is unlikely that he or she will be called as a witness because the testimony would be merely cumulative or if the testimony will relate only to essays+ an uncontested issue. In the exceptional situation where it will be manifestly unfair to florida the client for the lawyer to refuse employment or to withdraw when the essays+, lawyer will likely be a witness on a contested issue, the lawyer may serve as advocate on issues of fact even though he or she may be a witness. Homework Florida! In making such decision, the lawyer should determine the personal or financial sacrifice of the essays+, client that may result from the lawyer's refusal of employment or withdrawal therefrom, the materiality of the uci application essay, lawyer's testimony, and the effectiveness of the lawyer's representation in view of his or her personal involvement. Essays+! In weighing these factors, it should be clear that refusal or withdrawal will impose an unreasonable hardship upon the client before the outlines, lawyer accepts or continues the employment. Where the question arises, doubts should be resolved in favor of the lawyer testifying and against essays+ the lawyer's becoming or continuing as an advocate on issues of fact. A lawyer should not permit personal interests to influence the essays+, lawyer's advice relative to a suggestion by the client that additional counsel be employed. In like manner, the lawyer's personal interests should not deter the lawyer from suggesting that additional counsel be employed; on the contrary, the lawyer should be alert to the desirability of recommending additional counsel when, in his or her judgment, the proper representation of the client requires it. Inability of co-counsel to agree on a matter vital to the representation of their client requires that their disagreement be submitted by them jointly to essays+ their client for resolution by the client, and the decision of the client shall control the action to be taken. A lawyer should not maintain membership in or be influenced by any organization of employees that undertakes to prescribe, direct, or suggest when or how to fulfill his or her professional obligations to a person or organization that employs the lawyer. Although it is not necessarily improper for help florida, a lawyer employed by a corporation or similar entity to be a member of an organization of employees, the lawyer should be vigilant to safeguard his or her fidelity as a lawyer to the employer, free from outside influences.
Interests of Multiple Clients. Maintaining the essays+, independence of professional judgment required of a lawyer precludes acceptance or continuation of employment that will adversely affect the lawyer's judgment on behalf of or dilute the lawyer's loyalty to a client. This problem arises whenever a lawyer is asked to represent two or more clients who may have differing interests, whether such interests be conflicting, inconsistent, diverse, or otherwise discordant. If a lawyer is requested to undertake or to continue representation of watsons, multiple clients having potentially differing interests, the lawyer must weigh carefully the possibility that the lawyer's judgment may be impaired or loyalty divided if the lawyer accepts or continues the employment. The lawyer should resolve all doubts against the propriety of the representation. A lawyer should never represent in essays+ litigation multiple clients with differing interests; and there are few situations in dbq essay which the essays+, lawyer would be justified in representing in litigation multiple clients with potentially differing interests. If a lawyer accepted such employment and the interests did become actually differing, the florida, lawyer would have to withdraw from employment with likelihood of resulting hardship on essays+ the clients; and for uci application, this reason it is preferable that the essays+, lawyer refuse the employment initially.
On the other hand, there are many instances in dbq essay which a lawyer may properly serve multiple clients having potentially differing interests in matters not involving litigation. If the interests vary only slightly, it is generally likely that the essays+, lawyer will not be subjected to an adverse influence and homework help florida, that the lawyer can retain his or her independent judgment on behalf of each client; and if the interests become differing, withdrawal is essays+, less likely to have a disruptive effect upon the causes of the magazine writing, clients. Simultaneous representation in unrelated matters of essays+, clients whose interests are only generally diverse, such as competing economic enterprises, does not by itself require consent of the respective clients. Thesis! Likewise, a lawyer may generally represent parties having antagonistic positions on essays+ a legal question that has arisen in different cases, unless representation of either client would be adversely affected. Thus, it is ordinarily not improper to assert such positions in essay cases pending in different trial courts. In those instances in which a lawyer is justified in representing two or more clients having differing interests, it is nevertheless essential that each client be given the opportunity to evaluate the need for representation free of any potential conflict and to obtain other counsel if the client so desires. Thus before a lawyer may represent multiple clients, the lawyer should explain fully to each client the implications of the common representation and otherwise provide to each client information reasonably sufficient, giving due regard to the sophistication of the client, to permit the client to appreciate the significance of the potential conflict, and should accept or continue employment only if each client consents, preferably in writing.
If there are present other circumstances that might cause any of the multiple clients to question the undivided loyalty of the lawyer, the lawyer should also advise all of the clients of those circumstances. If a disinterested lawyer would conclude that any of the essays+, affected clients should not agree to the representation under the uci application essay, circumstances, the essays+, lawyer involved should not ask for such agreement or provide representation on the basis of the client?s consent. Writing! In addition, there may be circumstances in which it is impossible to essays+ make the disclosure necessary to obtain consent, such as when the lawyer represents different clients in related matters and one of the clients refuses to consent to the disclosure necessary to permit the other client to make an informed decision. In all cases in which the help, fact, validity or propriety of client consent is called into question, the lawyer must bear the burden of establishing that consent was properly obtained and relied upon by the lawyer. Typically recurring situations involving potentially differing interests are those in which a lawyer is asked to represent co-defendants in a criminal case, co-plaintiffs or co-defendants in a personal injury case, an insured and insurer, and beneficiaries of the estate of a decedent. Whether a lawyer can fairly and adequately protect the essays+, interests of multiple clients in voorbeeld these and similar situations depends upon an analysis of each case. In certain circumstances, there may exist little chance of the essays+, judgment of the lawyer being adversely affected by the slight possibility that the interests will become actually differing; in other circumstances, the chance of adverse effect upon the lawyer's judgment is not unlikely. A lawyer employed or retained by a corporation or similar entity owes allegiance to the entity and not to a shareholder, director, officer, employee, representative, or other person connected with the entity. In advising the entity, a lawyer should keep paramount its interests and the lawyer's professional judgment should not be influenced by the personal desires of any person or organization. Occasionally a lawyer for an entity is requested to represent a shareholder, director, officer, employee, representative, or other person connected with the entity in an individual capacity; in such case the lawyer may serve the individual only if the lawyer is convinced that differing interests are not present. Thesis Voorbeeld! Representation of a corporation or similar entity does not necessarily constitute representation of all of its affiliates.
A number of factors should be considered before undertaking a representation adverse to essays+ the affiliate of a client including, without limitation, the nature and extent of the relationship between the entities, the nature and extent of the relationship between the matters, and the reasonable understanding of the organizational client as to whether its affiliates fall within the scope of the representation. Occasionally, the lawyer may learn that an officer, employee or other person associated with the entity is engaged in action, refuses to act, or intends to act or to outlines refrain from acting in a matter related to essays+ the representation that is a violation of a legal obligation to the entity, or a violation of law which reasonably might be imputed to essays+ the entity, and is likely to result in substantial injury to the entity. In such event, the lawyer must proceed as is reasonably necessary in the best interest of the entity. In determining how to proceed, the essays+, lawyer should give due consideration to the seriousness of the violation and its consequences, the scope and nature of the lawyer?s representation, the responsibility in the entity and the apparent motivation of the go to birmingham question, person involved, the policies of the entity concerning such matters and any other relevant considerations. Essays+! Any measures taken should be designed to minimize disruption of the entity and the risk of revealing confidences and go to birmingham essay, secrets of the entity. Such measures may include among others: asking reconsideration of the matter, advising that a separate legal opinion on the matter be sought for presentation to essays+ appropriate authority in outlines the entity, and referring the matter to higher authority in essays+ the entity not involved in the wrongdoing, including, if warranted by the seriousness of the matter, referral to the highest authority that can act in behalf of the entity as determined by essay applicable law. A lawyer for a corporation or other organization who is asked to become a member of essays+, its board of directors should determine whether the responsibilities of the two roles may conflict. The lawyer may be called on to advise the corporation in matters involving actions of the directors. Consideration should be given to the frequency with which such situations may arise, the go to birmingham, potential intensity of the conflict, the effect of the lawyer?s resignation from the board and the possibility of the essays+, corporation?s obtaining legal advice from essays+, another lawyer in essays+ such situations. If there is a material risk that the homework help florida, dual role will compromise the lawyer?s independent professional judgment on behalf of the corporation, the lawyer should not serve as a director. A lawyer may in a single matter represent several clients whose interests are not actually or potentially differing.
Nevertheless, the lawyer should explain any circumstances that might cause a client to question the essays+, lawyer's undivided loyalty. Regardless of the outlines, belief of essays+, a lawyer that he or she may properly represent multiple clients, the lawyer must defer to a client who holds the contrary belief and outlines, withdraw from representation of that client. A lawyer is often asked to serve as an impartial arbitrator or mediator in matters which involve present or former clients. The lawyer may serve in either capacity after disclosing such present or former relationships. A lawyer who has undertaken to act as an essays+ impartial arbitrator or mediator should not thereafter represent in the dispute any of the magazine, parties involved. Desires of Third Persons. The obligation of a lawyer to essays+ exercise professional judgment solely on watsons go to question behalf of the client requires disregarding the essays+, desires of uci application, others that might impair the lawyer's free judgment. Essays+! The desires of a third person will seldom adversely affect a lawyer unless that person is in outlines a position to essays+ exert strong economic, political, or social pressures upon the lawyer. These influences are often subtle, and a lawyer must be alert to their existence. Thesis! A lawyer subjected to outside pressures should make full disclosure of them to the client; and if the lawyer or the essays+, client believes that the effectiveness of the representation has been or will be impaired thereby, the lawyer should take proper steps to withdraw from representation of the client. Economic, political or social pressures by third persons are less likely to impinge upon the independent judgment of a lawyer in a matter in which the watsons birmingham, lawyer is compensated directly by the client and the professional work is exclusively with the client.
On the other hand, if a lawyer is compensated from essays+, a source other than the client, the lawyer may feel a sense of responsibility to someone other than the magazine writing, client. A person or organization that pays or furnishes lawyers to represent others possesses a potential power to exert strong pressures against the independent judgment of those lawyers. Some employers may be interested in essays+ furthering their own economic, political, or social goals without regard to the professional responsibility of the lawyer to an individual client. Outlines! Others may be far more concerned with establishment or extension of legal principles than in the immediate protection of the rights of the lawyer's individual client. On some occasions, decisions on priority of work may be made by the employer rather than the lawyer with the result that prosecution of work already undertaken for essays+, clients is postponed to their detriment. Similarly, an employer may seek, consciously or unconsciously, to further its own economic interests through the dbq essay, actions of the lawyers employed by it. Since a lawyer must always be free to exercise professional judgment without regard to the interests or motives of a third person, the lawyer who is essays+, employed by go to essay one to represent another must constantly guard against erosion of professional freedom. To assist a lawyer in preserving professional independence, a number of courses are available. For example, a lawyer should not practice with or in essays+ the form of a professional legal corporation, even though the corporate form is help hotline, permitted by law, if any of its directors, officers, or shareholders is a non-lawyer. Although a lawyer may be employed by a business corporation with non-lawyers serving as directors or officers, and they necessarily have the right to make decisions of essays+, business policy, a lawyer must decline to accept direction of his or her professional judgment from any non-lawyer.
Various types of legal aid offices are administered by watsons birmingham question boards of directors composed of lawyers and non-lawyers. Essays+! A lawyer should not accept employment from such an help hotline organization unless the board sets only broad policies and there is no interference in the relationship of the lawyer and his or her individual client. Essays+! Where a lawyer is employed by an organization, a written agreement that defines the relationship between the lawyer and the organization and provides for the lawyer's independence is thesis, desirable since it may serve to prevent misunderstanding as to their respective roles. Although other innovations in the means of supplying legal counsel may develop, the essays+, responsibility of the lawyer to outlines maintain professional independence remains constant, and the legal profession must insure that changing circumstances do not result in loss of the professional independence of the lawyer. DR 5-101 [1200.20] Conflicts of Interest - Lawyer's Own Interests. A. A lawyer shall not accept or continue employment if the exercise of professional judgment on essays+ behalf of the client will be or reasonably may be affected by the lawyer?s own financial, business, property, or personal interests, unless a disinterested lawyer would believe that the representation of the client will not be adversely affected thereby and essays+, the client consents to the representation after full disclosure of the implications of the lawyer?s interest. DR 5-102 [1200.21] Lawyers as Witnesses. A. A lawyer shall not act, or accept employment that contemplates the lawyer?s acting, as an advocate on essays+ issues of fact before any tribunal if the lawyer knows or it is obvious that the watsons birmingham, lawyer ought to be called as a witness on a significant issue on behalf of the client, except that the essays+, lawyer may act as an advocate and also testify: 1. If the testimony will relate solely to an uncontested issue. 2. Essays+! If the testimony will relate solely to a matter of formality and essays+, there is no reason to go to birmingham question believe that substantial evidence will be offered in opposition to the testimony.
3. If the testimony will relate solely to the nature and value of legal services rendered in the case by the lawyer or the lawyer?s firm to the client. 4. As to any matter, if disqualification as an advocate would work a substantial hardship on the client because of the distinctive value of the lawyer as counsel in the particular case. B. Neither a lawyer nor the lawyer?s firm shall accept employment in essays+ contemplated or pending litigation if the lawyer knows or it is essay, obvious that the lawyer or another lawyer in the lawyer?s firm may be called as a witness on a significant issue other than on behalf of the client, and essays+, it is apparent that the testimony would or might be prejudicial to the client. C. If, after undertaking employment in thesis contemplated or pending litigation, a lawyer learns or it is obvious that the lawyer ought to be called as a witness on a significant issue on behalf of the client, the lawyer shall not serve as an advocate on issues of essays+, fact before the tribunal, except that the homework help hotline, lawyer may continue as an advocate on issues of fact and may testify in the circumstances enumerated in DR 5-102 [1200.21] (B)(1) through (4). D. If, after undertaking employment in contemplated or pending litigation, a lawyer learns or it is obvious that the essays+, lawyer or a lawyer in his or her firm may be called as a witness on a significant issue other than on behalf of the client, the essays+, lawyer may continue the representation until it is apparent that the testimony is essays+, or may be prejudicial to the client at which point the lawyer and the firm must withdraw from acting as an advocate before the tribunal. DR 5-103 [1200.22] Avoiding Acquisition of Interest in Litigation. A. A lawyer shall not acquire a proprietary interest in the cause of action or subject matter of litigation he or she is conducting for a client, except that the go to birmingham essay question, lawyer may: 1. Acquire a lien granted by law to secure the lawyer's fee or expenses. 2. Except as provided in DR 2-106 [1200.11] (C)(2) or (3), contract with a client for essays+, a reasonable contingent fee in a civil case.
B. Dbq Essay! While representing a client in connection with contemplated or pending litigation, a lawyer shall not advance or guarantee financial assistance to the client, except that: 1. A lawyer representing an indigent or pro bono client may pay court costs and expenses of litigation on behalf of the client; 2. A lawyer may advance court costs and expenses of essays+, litigation, the repayment of which may be contingent on the outcome of the dbq essay outlines, matter; and. 3. A lawyer, in an action in which an essays+ attorney's fee is payable in essays+ whole or in part as a percentage of the recovery in essays+ the action, may pay on the lawyer's own account court costs and expenses of litigation. In such case, the fee paid to the attorney from the proceeds of the action may include an amount equal to such costs and expenses incurred. DR 5-104 [1200.23] Transactions Between Lawyer and Client.
A. A lawyer shall not enter into a business transaction with a client if they have differing interests therein and uci application, if the client expects the lawyer to exercise professional judgment therein for essays+, the protection of the hotline florida, client, unless: 1. The transaction and terms on which the lawyer acquires the interest are fair and reasonable to essays+ the client and are fully disclosed and transmitted in writing to the client in dbq essay a manner that can be reasonably understood by the client; 2. The lawyer advises the client to essays+ seek the advice of independent counsel in the transaction; and. 3. The client consents in writing, after full disclosure, to the terms of the transaction and to the lawyer?s inherent conflict of interest in thesis voorbeeld the transaction. B. Prior to conclusion of all aspects of the matter giving rise to employment, a lawyer shall not negotiate or enter into any arrangement or understanding: 1. With a client or a prospective client by essays+ which the lawyer acquires an interest in literary or media rights with respect to the subject matter of the employment or proposed employment. 2. Dbq Essay! With any person by which the lawyer transfers or assigns any interest in literary or media rights with respect to the subject matter of essays+, employment by a client or prospective client. DR 5-105 [1200.24] Conflict of Interest; Simultaneous Representation. A. Dbq Essay Outlines! A lawyer shall decline proffered employment if the essays+, exercise of magazine writing, independent professional judgment in behalf of a client will be or is likely to be adversely affected by the acceptance of the proffered employment, or if it would be likely to involve the lawyer in representing differing interests, except to the extent permitted under DR 5-105 [1200.24] (C).
B. A lawyer shall not continue multiple employment if the exercise of independent professional judgment in behalf of a client will be or is likely to be adversely affected by essays+ the lawyer's representation of another client, or if it would be likely to involve the lawyer in representing differing interests, except to writing the extent permitted under DR 5-105 [1200.24] (C). C. In the situations covered by DR 5-105 [1200.24] (A) and (B), a lawyer may represent multiple clients if a disinterested lawyer would believe that the lawyer can competently represent the interest of each and if each consents to the representation after full disclosure of the implications of the simultaneous representation and the advantages and essays+, risks involved. D. While lawyers are associated in a law firm, none of them shall knowingly accept or continue employment when any one of uci application, them practicing alone would be prohibited from essays+, doing so under DR 5-101 [1200.20] (A), DR 5-105 [1200.24] (A) or (B), DR 5-108 [1200.27] (A) or (B), or DR 9-101 [1200.45] (B) except as otherwise provided therein. E. A law firm shall keep records of prior engagements, which records shall be made at or near the time of such engagements and shall have a policy implementing a system by go to which proposed engagements are checked against essays+ current and previous engagements, so as to essays+ render effective assistance to lawyers within the firm in complying with DR 5-105 [1200.24] (D). Essays+! Failure to keep records or to have a policy which complies with this subdivision, whether or not a violation of DR 5-105 [1200.24] (D) occurs, shall be a violation by the firm. In cases in which a violation of this subdivision by the firm is a substantial factor in causing a violation of DR 5-105 [1200.24] (D) by a lawyer, the firm, as well as the individual lawyer, shall also be responsible for uci application, the violation of DR 5-105 [1200.24] (D). DR 5-106 [1200.25] Settling Similar Claims of Clients. A. A lawyer who represents two or more clients shall not make or participate in the making of an essays+ aggregate settlement of the claims of uci application, or against the clients, unless each client has consented after full disclosure of the essays+, implications of the aggregate settlement and the advantages and uci application, risks involved, including the existence and nature of essays+, all the claims involved and the participation of each person in the settlement. DR 5-107 [1200.26] Avoiding Influence by Others than the Client. A. Except with the consent of the dbq essay, client after full disclosure a lawyer shall not: 1. Essays+! Accept compensation for legal services from one other than the client.
2. Accept from one other than the client anything of value related to thesis voorbeeld his or her representation of or employment by the client. B. Unless authorized by law, a lawyer shall not permit a person who recommends, employs, or pays the lawyer to render legal service for another to direct or regulate his or her professional judgment in rendering such legal services, or to cause the lawyer to compromise the lawyer's duty to maintain the essays+, confidences and secrets of the client under DR 4-101 [1200.19] (B). C. A lawyer shall not practice with or in the form of a limited liability company, limited liability partnership or professional corporation authorized to dbq essay practice law for a profit, if: 1. A non-lawyer owns any interest therein, except that a fiduciary representative of the essays+, estate of a lawyer may hold the stock or interest of the dbq essay outlines, lawyer for a reasonable time during administration; 2. A non-lawyer is a member, corporate director or officer thereof; or.
3. A non-lawyer has the right to direct or control the essays+, professional judgment of a lawyer. DR 5-108 [1200.27] Conflict of Interest - Former Client. A. Except as provided in DR 9-101 [1200.45] (B) with respect to magazine current or former government lawyers, a lawyer who has represented a client in a matter shall not, without the consent of the former client after full disclosure: 1. Thereafter represent another person in the same or a substantially related matter in which that person's interests are materially adverse to the interests of the former client. 2. Use any confidences or secrets of the former client except as permitted by DR 4-101 [1200.19] (C) or when the essays+, confidence or secret has become generally known. B. Except with the consent of the affected client after full disclosure, a lawyer shall not knowingly represent a person in the same or a substantially related matter in thesis which a firm with which the lawyer formerly was associated had previously represented a client: 1. Whose interests are materially adverse to that person; and. 2. About whom the lawyer had acquired information protected by section DR 4-101 [1200.19] (B) that is essays+, material to the matter.
C. Notwithstanding the provisions of DR 5-105 [1200.24] (D), when a lawyer has terminated an association with a firm, the firm is prohibited from thereafter representing a person with interests that are materially adverse to those of a client represented by the formerly associated lawyer and not currently represented by the firm only if the law firm or any lawyer remaining in the firm has information protected by DR 4-101 [1200.19] (B) that is material to the matter, unless the affected client consents after full disclosure. DR 5-109 [1200.28] Organization as Client. A. When a lawyer employed or retained by uci application an organization is dealing with the organization's directors, officers, employees, members, shareholders or other constituents, and it appears that the essays+, organization's interests may differ from those of the constituents with whom the lawyer is dealing, the lawyer shall explain that the lawyer is the lawyer for the organization and not for any of the uci application essay, constituents. B. If a lawyer for an organization knows that an officer, employee or other person associated with the organization is engaged in action, intends to act or refuses to act in a matter related to essays+ the representation that is homework hotline florida, a violation of a legal obligation to the organization, or a violation of law that reasonably might be imputed to the organization, and is likely to result in substantial injury to the organization, the lawyer shall proceed as is reasonably necessary in the best interest of the organization. In determining how to proceed, the lawyer shall give due consideration to the seriousness of the violation and its consequences, the scope and nature of the lawyer?s representation, the responsibility in essays+ the organization and the apparent motivation of the person involved, the policies of the organization concerning such matters and any other relevant considerations. Any measures taken shall be designed to minimize disruption of the organization and dbq essay outlines, the risk of essays+, revealing information relating to the representation to persons outside the organization. Essays+! Such measures may include, among others: 1. Asking reconsideration of the essays+, matter; 2. Advising that a separate legal opinion on essays+ the matter be sought for essays+, presentation to appropriate authority in the organization; and.
3. Referring the matter to higher authority in dbq essay outlines the organization, including, if warranted by the seriousness of the matter, referral to the highest authority that can act in behalf of the organization as determined by applicable law. C. If, despite the lawyer?s efforts in accordance with DR 5-109 [1200.28](B), the highest authority that can act on behalf of the organization insists upon essays+ action, or a refusal to act, that is clearly a violation of law and is likely to result in a substantial injury to the organization, the lawyer may resign in thesis voorbeeld accordance with DR 2-110 [1200.15]. DR 5-110 [1200.29] Membership in Legal Service Organization. A. Essays+! A lawyer may serve as a director, officer or member of a not-for-profit legal services organization, apart from the law firm in uci application which the lawyer practices, notwithstanding that the organization serves persons having interests that differ from those of a client of the lawyer or the essays+, lawyer's firm, provided that the lawyer shall not knowingly participate in a decision or action of the organization: 1. If participating in the decision or action would be incompatible with the watsons birmingham, lawyer's duty of loyalty to a client under DR 5-101 through DR 5-111 [1200.20 through 1200.29]; or. 2. Where the decision or action could have a material adverse effect on the representation of a client of the organization whose interests differ from those of a client of the lawyer or the lawyer's firm. DR 5-111 [1200.29-a] Sexual Relations with Clients. A. ? Sexual relations ? means sexual intercourse or the touching of an intimate part of another person for essays+, the purpose of sexual arousal, sexual gratification, or sexual abuse. B. A lawyer shall not: 1. Require or demand sexual relations with a client or third party incident to or as a condition of any professional representation. 2. Employ coercion, intimidation, or undue influence in entering into dbq essay sexual relations with a client.
3. In domestic relations matters, enter into sexual relations with a client during the essays+, course of the lawyer?s representation of the client. C. DR 5-111 [1200.29-a] (B) shall not apply to sexual relations between lawyers and their spouses or to ongoing consensual sexual relationships that predate the initiation of the essay, lawyer-client relationship. D. Where a lawy er in a firm has sexual relations with a client but does not participate in the representation of that client, the lawyers in the firm shall not be subject to discipline under this rule solely because of the occurrence of such sexual relations. CANON 6. A Lawyer Should Represent a Client Competently. Because of the lawyer's vital role in the legal process, the lawyer should act with competence and proper care in representing clients. The lawyer should strive to become and remain proficient in essays+ his or her practice and should accept employment only in matters which he or she is or intends to become competent to handle.
A lawyer is aided in attaining and maintaining competence by keeping abreast of current legal literature and developments, participating in continuing legal education programs, concentrating in homework hotline particular areas of the law, and by utilizing other available means. The lawyer has the additional ethical obligation to assist in essays+ improving the legal profession, and should do so by participating in bar activities intended to advance the quality and standards of members of the profession. Of particular importance is the careful training of younger associates and the giving of sound guidance to all lawyers who consult the lawyer. In short, a lawyer should strive at all levels to aid the legal profession in advancing the highest possible standards of integrity and competence and personally to meet those standards. While the licensing of dbq essay outlines, a lawyer is evidence of essays+, meeting the standards then prevailing for homework help hotline florida, admission to the bar, a lawyer generally should not accept employment in any area of the law in which he or she is not qualified. However, the lawyer may accept such employment if in essays+ good faith the lawyer expects to become qualified through study and investigation, as long as such preparation would not result in unreasonable delay or expense to the client. Proper preparation and representation may require the association by the lawyer of professionals in other disciplines. A lawyer offered employment in a matter in which the lawyer is not and voorbeeld, does not expect to essays+ become so qualified should either decline the employment or, with the consent of the client, accept the employment and associate a lawyer who is competent in the matter. Having undertaken representation, a lawyer should use proper care to safeguard the interests of the hotline florida, client. If a lawyer has accepted employment in a matter beyond the lawyer's competence but in which the lawyer expected to become competent, the lawyer should diligently undertake the work and study necessary to be qualified. In addition to being qualified to handle a particular matter, the lawyer's obligation to the client requires adequate preparation for and appropriate attention to the legal work, as well as promptly responding to inquiries from the client.
A lawyer should have pride in his or her professional endeavors. The obligation to essays+ act competently calls for essays+, higher motivation than that arising from fear of civil liability or disciplinary penalty. A lawyer should not seek, by contract or other means, to essays+ limit prospectively the lawyer's individual liability to go to the client for malpractice nor shall a lawyer settle a claim for malpractice with an otherwise unrepresented client without first advising the client that independent representation is essays+, appropriate. A lawyer who handles the affairs of the client properly has no need to essays+ attempt to limit liability for essays+, professional activities and one who does not handle the dbq essay outlines, affairs of the client properly should not be permitted to essays+ do so. A lawyer who is a shareholder in or is associated with a professional legal corporation, a member of a limited liability company or a partner in a limited liability partnership engaged in the practices of law may, however, limit the lawyer's liability for malpractice to the extent permitted by law. DR 6-101 [1200.30] Failing to writing Act Competently. A. A lawyer shall not: 1. Handle a legal matter which the lawyer knows or should know that he or she is not competent to handle, without associating with a lawyer who is competent to handle it. 2. Handle a legal matter without preparation adequate in essays+ the circumstances. 3. Neglect a legal matter entrusted to the lawyer.
DR 6-102 [1200.31] Limiting Liability to Client. A. A lawyer shall not seek, by contract or other means, to limit prospectively the lawyer's individual liability to a client for malpractice, or, without first advising that person that independent representation is appropriate in magazine connection therewith, to settle a claim for such liability with an unrepresented client or former client. CANON 7. A Lawyer Should Represent a Client Zealously Within the Bounds of the Law. The duty of a lawyer, both to the client and to the legal system, is to represent the client zealously within the bounds of the law, which includes Disciplinary Rules and enforceable professional regulations. The professional responsibility of a lawyer derives from membership in a profession which has the duty of assisting members of the public to secure and protect available legal rights and benefits. In our government of laws and not of individuals, each member of our society is entitled to have his or her conduct judged and regulated in accordance with the essays+, law; to seek any lawful objective through legally permissible means; and to present for adjudication any lawful claim, issue, or defense. The bounds of the law in a given case are often difficult to ascertain.
The language of legislative enactments and judicial opinions may be uncertain as applied to varying factual situations. The limits and florida, specific meaning of apparently relevant law may be made doubtful by changing or developing constitutional interpretations, inadequately expressed statutes or judicial opinions, and changing public and essays+, judicial attitudes. Certainty of law ranges from well-settled rules through areas of conflicting authority to areas without precedent. Where the bounds of law are uncertain, the action of help, a lawyer may depend on whether the lawyer is serving as advocate or adviser. A lawyer may serve simultaneously as both advocate and adviser, but the two roles are essentially different. In asserting a position on behalf of the client, an advocate for the most part deals with past conduct and must take the essays+, facts as they are. By contrast, a lawyer serving as adviser primarily assists the client in determining the course of dbq essay, future conduct and relationships.
While serving as advocate, a lawyer should resolve in essays+ favor of the client doubts as to the bounds of the law. In serving a client as adviser, a lawyer in appropriate circumstances should give his or her professional opinion as to what the ultimate decisions of the dbq essay, courts would likely be as to the applicable law. Duty of the essays+, Lawyer to essays+ a Client. The advocate may urge any permissible construction of the law favorable to the client, without regard to essays+ the lawyer's professional opinion as to the likelihood that the essays+, construction will ultimately prevail. The lawyer's conduct is within the bounds of the law, and therefore permissible, if the position taken is supported by the law or is supportable by a good faith argument for an extension, modification, or reversal of the law. However, a lawyer is not justified in asserting a position in litigation that is frivolous. A lawyer as adviser furthers the interest of the client by giving a professional opinion as to what he or she believes would likely be the ultimate decision of the courts on the matter at essays+, hand and by uci application essay informing the essays+, client of the practical effect of such decision.
The lawyer may continue in the representation of the client even though the essays+, client has elected to pursue a course of conduct contrary to the advice of the lawyer so long as the lawyer does not thereby knowingly assist the essays+, client to engage in illegal conduct or to take a frivolous legal position. A lawyer should never encourage or aid the client to commit criminal acts or counsel the client on florida how to violate the law and avoid punishment therefor. Whether the proposed action of a lawyer is essays+, within the watsons birmingham question, bounds of the essays+, law may be a perplexing question when the client is contemplating a course of conduct having legal consequences that vary according to the client's intent, motive, or desires at the time of the action. Homework! Often a lawyer is essays+, asked to magazine assist the client in developing evidence relevant to the state of mind of the client at a particular time. The lawyer may properly assist the client in essays+ the development and preservation of evidence of existing motive, intent, or desire; obviously, the lawyer may not do anything furthering the uci application, creation or preservation of false evidence. In many cases a lawyer may not be certain as to the state of mind of the client, and in essays+ those situations the lawyer should resolve reasonable doubts in favor of the client. In certain areas of legal representation not affecting the merits of the cause or substantially prejudicing the rights of a client, a lawyer is entitled to uci application essay make decisions.
But otherwise the authority to make decisions is essays+, exclusively that of the client and, if made within the framework of the law, such decisions are binding on the lawyer. As typical examples in civil cases, it is for the client to decide whether to voorbeeld accept a settlement offer or whether to waive the right to plead an affirmative defense. A defense lawyer in a criminal case has the duty to advise the client fully on whether a particular plea to a charge appears to be desirable and as to the prospects of essays+, success on appeal, but it is for the client to decide what plea should be entered and whether an appeal should be taken. A lawyer should exert best efforts to ensure that decisions of the watsons essay, client are made only after the client has been informed of relevant considerations. A lawyer ought to initiate this decision-making process if the client does not do so. Essays+! Advice of a lawyer to the client need not be confined to purely legal considerations. Homework Florida! A lawyer should advise the client of the possible effect of each legal alternative. A lawyer should bring to bear upon this decision-making process the fullness of his or her experience as well as the lawyer's objective viewpoint. In assisting the essays+, client to reach a proper decision, it is often desirable for a lawyer to point out essays+ those factors which may lead to a decision that is essays+, morally just as well as legally permissible. Homework Help Hotline Florida! The lawyer may emphasize the possibility of harsh consequences that might result from assertion of legally permissible positions. In the final analysis, however, the lawyer should always remember that the decision whether to forego legally available objectives or methods because of non-legal factors is ultimately for essays+, the client and thesis, not for the lawyer.
In the event that the client in a non-adjudicatory matter insists upon a course of conduct that is contrary to the judgment and advice of the lawyer but not prohibited by Disciplinary Rules, the lawyer may withdraw from the employment. In the exercise of the lawyer's professional judgment on those decisions which are for the lawyer's determination in the handling of a legal matter, a lawyer should always act in a manner consistent with the best interests of the client. However, when an action in the best interest of the client seems to the lawyer to be unjust, the lawyer may ask the client for permission to forego such action. The duty of essays+, a lawyer to represent the client with zeal does not militate against the concurrent obligations to treat with consideration all persons involved in the legal process and to avoid the infliction of uci application essay, needless harm. The responsibilities of a lawyer may vary according to the intelligence, experience, mental condition or age of a client, the obligation of a public officer, or the nature of a particular proceeding. Essays+! Examples include the representation of an illiterate or an incompetent, service as a public prosecutor or other government lawyer, and essays+, appearances before administrative and legislative bodies. Any mental or physical condition that renders a client incapable of making a considered judgment on his or her own behalf casts additional responsibilities upon the lawyer.
Where an incompetent is acting through a guardian or other legal representative, a lawyer must look to essays+ such representative for uci application essay, those decisions which are normally the prerogative of the client to make. If a client under disability has no legal representative, the lawyer may be compelled in essays+ court proceedings to make decisions on behalf of the client. If the client is capable of magazine writing, understanding the matter in question or of contributing to the advancement of his or her interests, regardless of essays+, whether the client is legally disqualified from performing certain acts, the lawyer should obtain from the client all possible aid. If the disability of a client and essay, the lack of a legal representative compel the lawyer to make decisions for the client, the lawyer should consider all circumstances then prevailing and act with care to safeguard and advance the essays+, interests of the client. But obviously a lawyer cannot perform any act or make any decision which the law requires the client to perform or make, either acting alone if competent, or by a duly constituted representative if legally incompetent. The responsibility of a public prosecutor differs from that of the usual advocate; it is to seek justice, not merely to convict.
This special duty exists because: (1) the prosecutor represents the sovereign and therefore should use restraint in the discretionary exercise of thesis, governmental powers, such as in the selection of cases to prosecute; (2) during trial the prosecutor is essays+, not only an advocate but also may make decisions normally made by an individual client, and those affecting the public interest should be fair to all; and essays+, (3) in our system of criminal justice the accused is to be given the benefit of all reasonable doubts. With respect to evidence and witnesses, the prosecutor has responsibilities different from those of a lawyer in private practice: the prosecutor should make timely disclosure to the defense of essays+, available evidence, known to the prosecutor, that tends to negate the essays+, guilt of the accused, mitigate the degree of the offense, or reduce the punishment. Further, a prosecutor should not intentionally avoid pursuit of evidence merely because he or she believes it will damage the prosecutor's case or aid the accused. A government lawyer who has discretionary power relative to litigation should refrain from instituting or continuing litigation that is obviously unfair. A government lawyer not having such discretionary power who believes there is lack of merit in a controversy submitted to essays+ the lawyer should so advise his or her superiors and recommend the avoidance of unfair litigation. A government lawyer in go to essay a civil action or administrative proceeding has the responsibility to seek justice and to essays+ develop a full and magazine writing, fair record, and should not use his or her position or the essays+, economic power of the government to harass parties or to bring about unjust settlements or results. The responsibilities of government lawyers with respect to the compulsion of testimony and other information are generally the homework hotline, same as those of public prosecutors.
The nature and purpose of proceedings before administrative agencies vary widely. The proceedings may be legislative or quasi-judicial, or a combination of both. They may be ex parte in character, in which event they may originate either at the instance of the agency or upon motion of an interested party. The scope of an inquiry may be purely investigative or it may be truly adversary looking toward the essays+, adjudication of go to essay, specific rights of a party or of classes of parties. The foregoing are but examples of some of the types of proceedings conducted by administrative agencies. A lawyer appearing before an administrative agency, regardless of the nature of the proceeding it is conducting, has the continuing duty to advance the cause of the client within the bounds of the law.
Where the applicable rules of the essays+, agency impose specific obligations upon a lawyer, it is the lawyer's duty to comply therewith, unless the dbq essay, lawyer has a legitimate basis for challenging the validity thereof. In all appearances before administrative agencies, a lawyer should identify the essays+, lawyer, the client, if identity of the client is not privileged, and the representative nature of the lawyer's appearance. It is not improper, however, for a lawyer to seek from an agency information available to the public without identifying the client. The primary business of a legislative body is to enact laws rather than to adjudicate controversies, although on occasion the activities of a legislative body may take on the characteristics of an adversary proceeding, particularly in investigative and impeachment matters. The role of magazine, a lawyer supporting or opposing proposed legislation normally is quite different from the lawyer's role in representing a person under investigation or on trial by a legislative body.
When a lawyer appears in connection with proposed legislation, it is to essays+ affect the lawmaking process, but when the lawyer appears on behalf of a client in investigatory or impeachment proceedings, it is to protect the thesis voorbeeld, rights of the client. In either event, the lawyer should identify the lawyer and the client, if identity of the client is not privileged, and should comply with applicable laws and legislative rules. The obligation of loyalty to the client applies only to a lawyer in the discharge of professional duties and essays+, implies no obligation to adopt a personal viewpoint favorable to the interests or desires of the client. While a lawyer must act always with circumspection in order that the lawyer's conduct will not adversely affect the thesis voorbeeld, rights of a client in a matter the lawyer is then handling, the lawyer may take positions on public issues and espouse legal reforms favored by essays+ the lawyer without regard to the individual views of any client. The legal system in magazine its broadest sense functions best when persons in need of legal advice or assistance are represented by their own counsel. Essays+! For this reason a lawyer should not communicate on the subject matter of the representation of the client with a person the lawyer knows to be represented in the matter by a lawyer, unless pursuant to law or rule of court or unless the lawyer has the consent of the lawyer for that person. However, a lawyer may properly advise a client to communicate directly with a represented person, if that person is florida, legally competent, without obtaining consent from the represented person?s counsel, and may advise a client with respect to those communications (including by drafting papers for essays+, the client to present to the represented person), provided the uci application, lawyer gives reasonable advance notice to the represented person?s counsel that such communications will be taking place. ?Reasonable advance notice? means notice provided sufficiently in essays+ advance of the direct client-to-client communications, and uci application, of sufficient content, so that the represented person?s lawyer has an opportunity to advise his or her own client with respect to the client-to-client communications before they take place.
A lawyer who advises a client with respect to communications with a represented person should also advise the client against engaging in abusive, harassing or unfair conduct. A lawyer who is a party or who is otherwise personally involved in essays+ a legal matter or transaction, whether appearing pro se or represented by counsel, may communicate with a represented person on the subject matter of the representation pursuant to the provisions of watsons birmingham essay question, DR 7-104 (A) and (B). If one is not represented by counsel, a lawyer representing another may have to deal directly with the unrepresented person; in such an instance a lawyer should not undertake to give advice to the person who is not represented by a lawyer, except to advise the person to obtain a lawyer. Duty of the Lawyer to the Adversary System of Justice. Our legal system provides for the adjudication of disputes governed by the rules of substantive, evidentiary, and procedural law. An adversary presentation counters the essays+, natural human tendency to judge too swiftly in terms of the familiar that which is not yet fully known; the advocate, by zealous preparation and presentation of essays+, facts and law, enables the tribunal to come to the hearing with an essays+ open and neutral mind and to render impartial judgments. The duty of a lawyer to a client and the lawyer's duty to the legal system are the watsons, same: to represent the client zealously within the bounds of the essays+, law.
In order to function properly, our adjudicative process requires an essays+ informed, impartial tribunal capable of administering justice promptly and efficiently according to procedures that command public confidence and respect. Not only must there be competent, adverse presentation of evidence and issues, but a tribunal must be aided by rules appropriate to an effective and dignified process. The procedures under which tribunals operate in our adversary system have been prescribed largely by legislative enactments, court rules and essays+, decisions, and administrative rules. Through the years certain concepts of proper professional conduct have become rules of law applicable to the adversary adjudicative process. Many of these concepts are the bases for standards of professional conduct set forth in the Disciplinary Rules. The civil adjudicative process is primarily designed for the settlement of disputes between parties, while the criminal process is designed for the protection of society as a whole. Threatening to use, or using, the criminal process to coerce adjustment of private civil claims or controversies is a subversion of that process; further, the person against whom the criminal process is so misused may be deterred from asserting legal rights and thus the usefulness of the essays+, civil process in settling private disputes is impaired. As in all cases of abuse of judicial process, the improper use of criminal process tends to diminish public confidence in our legal system.
Respect for judicial rulings is essential to the proper administration of justice; however, a litigant or lawyer may, in good faith and within the framework of the law, take steps to test the correctness of a ruling of a tribunal. The complexity of law often makes it difficult for a tribunal to be fully informed unless the pertinent law is presented by the lawyers in the cause. Essays+! A tribunal that is magazine, fully informed on the applicable law is better able to make a fair and essays+, accurate determination of the matter before it. Essays+! The adversary system contemplates that each lawyer will present and argue the essays+, existing law in the light most favorable to the client. Where a lawyer knows of controlling legal authority directly adverse to the position of the client, the lawyer should inform the florida, tribunal of essays+, its existence unless the adversary has done so; but, having made such disclosure, the lawyer may challenge its soundness in whole or in outlines part. In order to bring about just and informed decisions, evidentiary and procedural rules have been established by tribunals to permit the inclusion of relevant evidence and argument and the exclusion of essays+, all other considerations. The expression by a lawyer of a personal opinion as to the justness of voorbeeld, a cause, as to the credibility of a witness, as to the culpability of a civil litigant, or as to the guilt or innocence of an accused is not a proper subject for argument to the trier of the fact. It is improper as to factual matters because admissible evidence possessed by a lawyer should be presented only as sworn testimony. It is essays+, improper as to all other matters because, were the magazine writing, rule otherwise, the silence of a lawyer on a given occasion could be construed unfavorably to the client. Essays+! However, a lawyer may argue, based on the lawyer's analysis of the evidence, for any position or conclusion with respect to any of the uci application, foregoing matters. Rules of evidence and essays+, procedure are designed to essay lead to essays+ just decisions and are part of the framework of the law.
Thus while a lawyer may take steps in good faith and within the framework of the law to test the validity of rules, the lawyer is not justified in uci application consciously violating such rules and essays+, should be diligent in his or her efforts to guard against unintentional violation of them. As examples, a lawyer should subscribe to thesis voorbeeld or verify only those pleadings that the lawyer believes are in essays+ compliance with applicable law and rules; a lawyer should not make any prefatory statement before a tribunal in dbq essay outlines regard to the purported facts of the case on trial unless the lawyer believes that the statement will be supported by admissible evidence; a lawyer should not ask a witness a question solely for the purpose of essays+, harassment or embarrassment; and a lawyer should not by subterfuge put before a jury matters which it cannot properly consider. The law and Disciplinary Rules prohibit the use of fraudulent, false, or perjured testimony or evidence. A lawyer who knowingly participates in introduction of such testimony or evidence is essays+, subject to discipline. A lawyer should, however, present any admissible evidence the client desires to have presented unless the lawyer knows, or from facts within the essays+, lawyer's knowledge should know, that such testimony or evidence is false, fraudulent, or perjured.
Because it interferes with the proper administration of justice, a lawyer should not suppress evidence that the lawyer or the client has a legal obligation to reveal or produce. In like manner, a lawyer should not advise or cause a person to hide or to leave the jurisdiction of a tribunal for the purpose of being unavailable as witness therein. Witnesses should always testify truthfully and should be free from any financial inducements that might tempt them to do otherwise. A lawyer should not pay or agree to pay a non-expert witness an amount in excess of reimbursement for uci application essay, expenses and financial loss incident to being a witness; however, a lawyer may pay or agree to pay an expert witness a reasonable fee for services as an expert. But in essays+ no event should a lawyer pay or agree to pay a contingent fee to any witness.
A lawyer should exercise reasonable diligence to see that the client and lay associates conform to these standards. To safeguard the essay question, impartiality that is essential to essays+ the judicial process, members of the venire and jurors should be protected against extraneous influences. When impartiality is essay question, present, public confidence in the judicial system is enhanced. There should be no extra judicial communication with members of the venire prior to trial or with jurors during trial or on behalf of a lawyer connected with the case. Furthermore, a lawyer who is not connected with the case should not communicate with or cause another to communicate with a member of the essays+, venire or a juror about the case. After the trial, communication by a lawyer with jurors is permitted so long as the lawyer refrains from uci application, asking questions or making comments that tend to harass or embarrass the juror or to influence actions of the juror in essays+ future cases.
Were a lawyer to uci application be prohibited from essays+, communicating after trial with a juror, the lawyer could not ascertain if the verdict might be subject to legal challenge, in which event the invalidity of a verdict might go undetected. When an extrajudicial communication by a lawyer with a juror is permitted by law, it should be made considerately and with deference to uci application the personal feelings of the essays+, juror. Vexatious or harassing investigations of members of the venire or jurors seriously impair the effectiveness of our jury system. For this reason, a lawyer or anyone on uci application the lawyer's behalf who conducts an investigation of members of the venire or jurors should act with circumspection and restraint. Communications with or investigations of essays+, members of families of members of the venire or jurors by a lawyer or by dbq essay anyone on the lawyer's behalf are subject to the restrictions imposed upon the lawyer with respect to communications with or investigations of members of the venire and jurors. Because of the duty to aid in preserving the integrity of the jury system, a lawyer who learns of improper conduct by or towards a member of the essays+, venire, a juror, or a member of the family of either should make a prompt report to the court regarding such conduct. A goal of our legal system is that each party shall have his or her case criminal or civil, adjudicated by an impartial tribunal.
The attainment of this goal may be defeated by help florida dissemination of essays+, news or comments which tend to influence judge or jury. Such news or comments may prevent prospective jurors from being impartial at the outset of the trial and hotline florida, may also interfere with the obligation of essays+, jurors to base their verdict solely upon the evidence admitted in the trial. The release by a lawyer of out-of-court statements regarding an uci application essay anticipated or pending trial may improperly affect the impartiality of the tribunal. Essays+! For these reasons, standards for permissible and prohibited conduct of a lawyer with respect to trial publicity have been established. The impartiality of a public servant in our legal system may be impaired by the receipt of gifts or loans. Homework Hotline Florida! A lawyer, therefore, is never justified in making a gift or a loan to a judge, a hearing officer, or an officer or employee of a tribunal except as permitted by the Code of essays+, Judicial Conduct, but a lawyer may make a contribution to the campaign fund of a candidate for essay question, judicial office in conformity with the Code of Judicial Conduct. All litigants and lawyers should have access to tribunals on essays+ an equal basis. Generally, in adversary proceedings a lawyer should not communicate with a judge relative to a matter pending before, or which is to be brought before, a tribunal over uci application essay which the judge presides in circumstances which might have the essays+, effect or give the appearance of granting undue advantage to one party.
For example, a lawyer should not communicate with a tribunal by a writing unless a copy thereof is thesis voorbeeld, promptly delivered to opposing counsel or to the adverse party if such party is not represented by a lawyer. Ordinarily an oral communication by a lawyer with a judge or hearing officer should be made only upon essays+ adequate notice to opposing counsel, or if there is none, to the opposing party. A lawyer should not condone or participate in private importunities by another with a judge or hearing officer on behalf of the lawyer or the dbq essay, client. Judicial hearings ought to be conducted through dignified and essays+, orderly procedures designed to protect the rights of all parties. Although a lawyer has the duty to represent the thesis voorbeeld, client zealously, the lawyer should not engage in any conduct that offends the dignity and decorum of proceedings. Essays+! While maintaining independence, a lawyer should be respectful, courteous, and above-board in essay relations with a judge or hearing officer before whom the essays+, lawyer appears.
The lawyer should avoid undue solicitude for the comfort or convenience of judge or jury and should avoid any other conduct calculated to gain special consideration. In adversary proceedings, clients are litigants and though ill feeling may exist between clients, such ill feeling should not influence a lawyer's conduct, attitude, and demeanor towards opposing lawyers. Outlines! A lawyer should not make unfair or derogatory personal reference to opposing counsel. Haranguing and offensive tactics by lawyers interfere with the orderly administration of justice and have no proper place in essays+ our legal system. A lawyer should be courteous to opposing counsel and watsons birmingham essay, should accede to reasonable requests regarding court proceedings, settings, continuances, waiver of procedural formalities, and similar matters which do not prejudice the rights of the client. A lawyer should follow local customs of essays+, courtesy or practice, unless he or she gives timely notice to opposing counsel of the intention not to do so. A lawyer should be punctual in voorbeeld fulfilling all professional commitments. In the essays+, final analysis, proper functioning of the adversary system depends upon dbq essay cooperation between lawyers and essays+, tribunals in utilizing procedures which will preserve the voorbeeld, impartiality of tribunals and make their decisional processes prompt and just, without impinging upon the obligation of lawyers to represent their clients zealously within the framework of the law. DR 7-101 [1200.32] Representing a Client Zealously.
A. A lawyer shall not intentionally: 1. Fail to seek the lawful objectives of the essays+, client through reasonably available means permitted by law and the Disciplinary Rules, except as provided by DR 7-101 [1200.32] (B). A lawyer does not violate this Disciplinary Rule, however, by acceding to reasonable requests of opposing counsel which do not prejudice the rights of the client, by being punctual in fulfilling all professional commitments, by avoiding offensive tactics, or by treating with courtesy and consideration all persons involved in the legal process. 2. Fail to carry out a contract of dbq essay, employment entered into with a client for essays+, professional services, but the lawyer may withdraw as permitted under DR 2-110 [1200.15], DR 5-102 [1200.21], and DR 5-105 [1200.24]. 3. Prejudice or damage the essays+, client during the course of the professional relationship, except as required under DR 7-102 [1200.33] (B) or as authorized by DR 2-110 [1200.15]. B. In the representation of a client, a lawyer may: 1. Where permissible, exercise professional judgment to waive or fail to assert a right or position of the client.
2. Refuse to aid or participate in conduct that the lawyer believes to be unlawful, even though there is some support for an argument that the conduct is legal. DR 7-102 [1200.33] Representing a Client Within the Bounds of the Law. A. In the representation of essays+, a client, a lawyer shall not: 1. File a suit, assert a position, conduct a defense, delay a trial, or take other action on voorbeeld behalf of the client when the lawyer knows or when it is obvious that such action would serve merely to harass or maliciously injure another. 2. Knowingly advance a claim or defense that is unwarranted under existing law, except that the lawyer may advance such claim or defense if it can be supported by essays+ good faith argument for an extension, modification, or reversal of existing law. 3. Conceal or knowingly fail to disclose that which the lawyer is required by law to reveal. 4. Homework Help Hotline Florida! Knowingly use perjured testimony or false evidence. 5. Knowingly make a false statement of essays+, law or fact. 6. Participate in the creation or preservation of evidence when the lawyer knows or it is obvious that the evidence is false. 7. Counsel or assist the client in conduct that the lawyer knows to be illegal or fraudulent.
8. Knowingly engage in other illegal conduct or conduct contrary to a Disciplinary Rule. B. A lawyer who receives information clearly establishing that: 1. The client has, in the course of the representation, perpetrated a fraud upon a person or tribunal shall promptly call upon the client to rectify the same, and if the client refuses or is unable to do so, the lawyer shall reveal the fraud to the affected person or tribunal, except when the information is protected as a confidence or secret. 2. A person other than the client has perpetrated a fraud upon a tribunal shall reveal the fraud to the tribunal. DR 7-103 [1200.34] Performing the Duty of Public Prosecutor or Other Government Lawyer.
A. A public prosecutor or other government lawyer shall not institute or cause to be instituted criminal charges when he or she knows or it is homework help hotline florida, obvious that the charges are not supported by essays+ probable cause. B. A public prosecutor or other government lawyer in criminal litigation shall make timely disclosure to essays+ counsel for the defendant, or to essays+ a defendant who has no counsel, of the homework hotline, existence of evidence, known to the prosecutor or other government lawyer, that tends to negate the guilt of the accused, mitigate the degree of the offense or reduce the punishment. DR 7-104 [1200.35] Communicating With Represented and essays+, Unrepresented Parties. A. Outlines! During the course of the representation of a client a lawyer shall not: 1. Communicate or cause another to communicate on the subject of the representation with a party the lawyer knows to be represented by a lawyer in that matter unless the lawyer has the essays+, prior consent of the lawyer representing such other party or is authorized by law to do so. 2. Voorbeeld! Give advice to essays+ a party who is not represented by a lawyer, other than the advice to secure counsel, if the interests of such party are or have a reasonable possibility of being in conflict with the interests of the lawyer's client. B. Notwithstanding the thesis, prohibitions of DR 7-104 [1200.35] (A), and essays+, unless prohibited by magazine writing law, a lawyer may cause a client to communicate with a represented party, if that party is legally competent, and counsel the client with respect to those communications, provided the lawyer gives reasonable advance notice to the represented party's counsel that such communications will be taking place. DR 7-105 [1200.36] Threatening Criminal Prosecution. A. A lawyer shall not present, participate in presenting, or threaten to present criminal charges solely to obtain an advantage in a civil matter. A. A lawyer shall not disregard or advise the client to essays+ disregard a standing rule of a tribunal or a ruling of a tribunal made in the course of a proceeding, but the lawyer may take appropriate steps in good faith to test the validity of outlines, such rule or ruling. B. In presenting a matter to a tribunal, a lawyer shall disclose:
1. Controlling legal authority known to the lawyer to be directly adverse to the position of the client and which is not disclosed by opposing counsel. 2. Essays+! Unless privileged or irrelevant, the identities of the clients the lawyer represents and of the persons who employed the lawyer. C. In appearing as a lawyer before a tribunal, a lawyer shall not: 1. State or allude to any matter that he or she has no reasonable basis to believe is relevant to the case or that will not be supported by admissible evidence. 2. Ask any question that he or she has no reasonable basis to believe is relevant to essay the case and that is essays+, intended to degrade a witness or other person. 3. Assert personal knowledge of the facts in issue, except when testifying as a witness. 4. Assert a personal opinion as to the justness of a cause, as to the credibility of a witness, as to magazine writing the culpability of essays+, a civil litigant, or as to the guilt or innocence of an accused; but the lawyer may argue, upon analysis of the evidence, for any position or conclusion with respect to the matters stated herein.
5. Fail to comply with known local customs of courtesy or practice of the bar or a particular tribunal without giving to opposing counsel timely notice of the intent not to comply. 6. Engage in undignified or discourteous conduct which is degrading to a tribunal. 7. Intentionally or habitually violate any established rule of dbq essay, procedure or of evidence. A. A lawyer participating in essays+ or associated with a criminal or civil matter, or associated in uci application essay a law firm or government agency with a lawyer participating in or associated with a criminal or civil matter, shall not make an extrajudicial statement that a reasonable person would expect to be disseminated by means of public communication if the lawyer knows or reasonably should know that it will have a substantial likelihood of essays+, materially prejudicing an adjudicative proceeding in that matter. Notwithstanding the foregoing, a lawyer may make a statement that a reasonable lawyer would believe is required to protect a client from the homework help hotline florida, substantial prejudicial effect of recent publicity not initiated by the lawyer or the lawyer?s client. A statement so made shall be limited to such information as is essays+, necessary to mitigate the recent adverse publicity. B. Thesis Voorbeeld! A statement ordinarily is likely to essays+ prejudice materially an adjudicative proceeding when it refers to a civil matter triable to a jury, a criminal matter, or any other proceeding that could result in essays+ incarceration, and the statement relates to:
1. The character, credibility, reputation or criminal record of a party, suspect in a criminal investigation or witness, or the identity of a witness, or the essays+, expected testimony of a party or witness. 2. In a criminal case or proceeding that could result in essays+ incarceration, the possibility of a plea of guilty to the offense or the existence or contents of any confession, admission, or statement given by a defendant or suspect or that person's refusal or failure to make a statement. 3. The performance or results of any examination or test or the refusal or failure of essays+, a person to submit to an examination or test, or the identity or nature of physical evidence expected to be presented. 4. Essays+! Any opinion as to the guilt or innocence of a defendant or suspect in a criminal case or proceeding that could result in incarceration. 5. Information the lawyer knows or reasonably should know is likely to be inadmissible as evidence in essays+ a trial and would if disclosed create a substantial risk of prejudicing an impartial trial. 6. The fact that a defendant has been charged with a crime, unless there is included therein a statement explaining that the charge is merely an watsons go to birmingham question accusation and essays+, that the defendant is presumed innocent until and watsons go to birmingham essay, unless proven guilty. C. Provided that the statement complies with DR 7-107 [1200.38] (A), a lawyer involved with the investigation or litigation of a matter may state the following without elaboration: 1. The general nature of the claim or defense. 2. The information contained in a public record. 3. That an investigation of the matter is in progress.
4. Essays+! The scheduling or result of any step in litigation. 5. A request for assistance in obtaining evidence and information necessary thereto. 6. A warning of danger concerning the behavior of a person involved, when there is reason to believe that there exists the likelihood of substantial harm to an individual or to the public interest. 7. In a criminal case: a. Florida! The identity, age, residence, occupation and family status of the accused. b. If the accused has not been apprehended, information necessary to aid in apprehension of essays+, that person. c. The fact, time and place of arrest, resistance, pursuit, use of weapons, and a description of physical evidence seized, other than as contained only in a confession, admission, or statement. d. The identity of investigating and arresting officers or agencies and essays+, the length of the investigation. DR 7-108 [1200.39] Communication with or Investigation of Jurors. A. Before the trial of a case a lawyer connected therewith shall not communicate with or cause another to communicate with anyone the lawyer knows to be a member of the venire from which the jury will be selected for essays+, the trial of the case. B. During the magazine writing, trial of a case: 1. A lawyer connected therewith shall not communicate with or cause another to communicate with any member of the jury.
2. A lawyer who is not connected therewith shall not communicate with or cause another to communicate with a juror concerning the case. C. DR 7- 108 [1200.39] (A) and (B) do not prohibit a lawyer from communicating with members of the venire or jurors in the course of official proceedings. D. After discharge of the essays+, jury from further consideration of a case with which the lawyer was connected, the lawyer shall not ask questions of or make comments to a member of that jury that are calculated merely to harass or embarrass the juror or to influence the juror's actions in thesis voorbeeld future jury service. E. A lawyer shall not conduct or cause, by financial support or otherwise, another to conduct a vexatious or harassing investigation of either a member of the essays+, venire or a juror. F. All restrictions imposed by essays+ DR 7-108 [1200.39] upon a lawyer also apply to communications with or investigations of members of a family of a member of the venire or a juror. G. A lawyer shall reveal promptly to the court improper conduct by a member of the venire or a juror, or by another toward a member of the venire or a juror or a member of his or her family of which the lawyer has knowledge. DR 7-109 [1200.40] Contact with Witnesses. A. A lawyer shall not suppress any evidence that the lawyer or the client has a legal obligation to reveal or produce. B. A lawyer shall not advise or cause a person to hide or to essays+ leave the jurisdiction of essay, a tribunal for the purpose of making the essays+, person unavailable as a witness therein.
C. A lawyer shall not pay, offer to pay, or acquiesce in the payment of compensation to a witness contingent upon the content of his or her testimony or the outcome of the case. But a lawyer may advance, guarantee, or acquiesce in the payment of: 1. Expenses reasonably incurred by birmingham essay question a witness in attending or testifying. 2. Reasonable compensation to a witness for the loss of time in attending, testifying, preparing to testify or otherwise assisting counsel. 3. Essays+! A reasonable fee for the professional services of an dbq essay outlines expert witness. DR 7-110 [1200.41] Contact with Officials. A. A lawyer shall not give or lend anything of value to a judge, official, or employee of a tribunal except as permitted by the Code of Judicial Conduct, but a lawyer may make a contribution to the campaign fund of a candidate for judicial office in conformity with the Code of Judicial Conduct. B. Essays+! In an adversary proceeding, a lawyer shall not communicate, or cause another to communicate, as to the merits of the cause with a judge or an official before whom the proceeding is pending, except: 1. In the course of official proceedings in the cause.
2. Homework! In writing if the lawyer promptly delivers a copy of the writing to essays+ opposing counsel or to an adverse party who is not represented by a lawyer. 3. Thesis Voorbeeld! Orally upon essays+ adequate notice to opposing counsel or to an adverse party who is not represented by a lawyer. 4. As otherwise authorized by magazine writing law, or by essays+ the Code of Judicial Conduct. DR 7-111 [1200.41-a] Communication After Incidents Involving Personal Injury or Wrongful Death. A. In the event of an incident involving potential claims for personal injury or wrongful death, no unsolicited communication shall be made to an individual injured in the incident or to a family member or legal representative of such an individual, by a lawyer or law firm, or by any associate, agent, employee or other representative of a lawyer or law firm, seeking to represent the injured individual or legal representative thereof in potential litigation or in a proceeding arising out of the incident before the 30th day after the homework help, date of the incident, unless a filing must be made within 30 days of the incident as a legal prerequisite to the particular claim, in which case no unsolicited communication shall be made before the 15th day after the date of the incident. B. This provision limiting contact with an injured individual or the legal representative theoreof applies as well to lawyers or law firms or any associate, agent, employee or other representative of a lawyer or law firm who represent actual or potential defendants or entities that may defend and/or indemnify said defendants.
CANON 8. A Lawyer Should Assist in Improving the Legal System. Changes in human affairs and essays+, imperfections in magazine human institutions make necessary constant efforts to maintain and improve our legal system. This system should function in a manner that commands public respect and essays+, fosters the use of legal remedies to achieve redress of grievances. By reason of education and essay, experience, lawyers are especially qualified to recognize deficiencies in essays+ the legal system and to initiate corrective measures therein. Thus they should participate in magazine writing proposing and supporting legislation and programs to improve the system, without regard to the general interests or desires of essays+, clients or former clients. Rules of law are deficient if they are not just, understandable, and responsive to the needs of society. If a lawyer believes that the existence or absence of a rule of law, substantive or procedural, causes or contributes to an unjust result, the lawyer should endeavor by lawful means to obtain appropriate changes in the law.
The lawyer should encourage the simplification of laws and the repeal or amendment of laws that are outmoded. Likewise, legal procedures should be improved whenever experience indicates a change is needed. The fair administration of justice requires the magazine writing, availability of competent lawyers. Members of the public should be educated to recognize the existence of legal problems and the resultant need for essays+, legal services, and should be provided methods for intelligent selection of counsel. Those persons unable to pay for legal services should be provided needed services.
Clients and lawyers should not be penalized by undue geographical restraints upon watsons question representation in essays+ legal matters, and the bar should address itself to improvements in licensing, reciprocity, and admission procedures consistent with the needs of modern commerce. Whenever a lawyer seeks legislative or administrative changes, the thesis, lawyer should identify the capacity in which he or she appears, whether on behalf of the lawyer, a client, or the public. A lawyer may advocate such changes on behalf of essays+, a client even though the lawyer does not agree with them. But when a lawyer purports to act on behalf of the outlines, public, the lawyer should espouse only those changes which the lawyer conscientiously believes to be in the public interest. Lawyers involved in organizations seeking law reform generally do not have a lawyer-client relationship with the organization. In determining the nature and essays+, scope of participation in law reform activities, a lawyer should be mindful of obligations under Canon 5, particularly DR 5-101 through DR 5-110 . A lawyer is professionally obligated to protect the integrity of the organization by making an appropriate disclosure within the organization when the lawyer knows a private client might be materially affected.
Fraudulent, deceptive, or otherwise illegal conduct by a participant in a proceeding before a tribunal or legislative body is inconsistent with fair administration of justice, and it should never be participated in dbq essay outlines or condoned by lawyers. Unless constrained by the obligation to preserve the confidences and secrets of the client, a lawyer should reveal to appropriate authorities any knowledge the lawyer may have of such improper conduct. Judges and administrative officials having adjudicatory powers ought to be persons of integrity, competence, and suitable temperament. Generally, lawyers are qualified, by personal observation or investigation, to evaluate the qualifications of persons seeking or being considered for such public offices, and for this reason they have a special responsibility to aid in the selection of only essays+ those who are qualified. Watsons Go To Birmingham Essay! It is the duty of lawyers to endeavor to prevent political considerations from outweighing judicial fitness in the selection of essays+, judges. Lawyers should protest earnestly against the appointment or election of those who are unsuited for the bench and should strive to have elected or appointed thereto only those who are willing to forego pursuits, whether of a business, political, or other nature, that may interfere with the free and thesis, fair consideration of questions presented for adjudication. Adjudicatory officials, not being wholly free to defend themselves, are entitled to receive the support of the bar against essays+ unjust criticism. Help Hotline Florida! While a lawyer as a citizen has a right to criticize such officials publicly, the essays+, lawyer should be certain of the merit of the complaint, use appropriate language, and avoid petty criticisms, for unrestrained and intemperate statements tend to lessen public confidence in our legal system. Criticisms motivated by outlines reasons other than a desire to improve the legal system are not justified. Since lawyers are a vital part of the legal system, they should be persons of essays+, integrity, of professional skill, and of dedication to the improvement of the system. Thus a lawyer should aid in establishing, as well as enforcing, standards of magazine, conduct adequate to protect the public by insuring that those who practice law are qualified to do so.
Lawyers often serve as legislators or as holders of other public offices. This is essays+, highly desirable, as lawyers are uniquely qualified to make significant contributions to the improvement of the legal system. A lawyer who is a public officer, whether full or part-time, should not engage in essay activities in which the essays+, lawyer's personal or professional interests are or foreseeably may be in conflict with the lawyer's official duties. The advancement of our legal system is of vital importance in maintaining the rule of law and in facilitating orderly changes; therefore, lawyers should encourage, and should aid in making, needed changes and essay, improvements. DR 8-101 [1200.42] Action as a Public Official. A. A lawyer who holds public office shall not: 1. Use the public position to obtain, or attempt to obtain, a special advantage in essays+ legislative matters for the lawyer or for magazine writing, a client under circumstances where the lawyer knows or it is obvious that such action is essays+, not in voorbeeld the public interest. 2. Use the public position to influence, or attempt to essays+ influence, a tribunal to act in favor of the lawyer or of a client. 3. Accept anything of value from writing, any person when the lawyer knows or it is obvious that the offer is for the purpose of influencing the lawyer's action as a public official. DR 8-102 [1200.43] Statements Concerning Judges and Other Adjudicatory Officers. A. A lawyer shall not knowingly make false statements of fact concerning the qualifications of a candidate for election or appointment to a judicial office.
B. Essays+! A lawyer shall not knowingly make false accusations against a judge or other adjudicatory officer. DR 8-103 [1200.44] Lawyer Candidate for Judicial Office. A. A lawyer who is uci application essay, a candidate for judicial office shall comply with section 100.5 of the essays+, Chief Administrator's Rules Governing Judicial Conduct (22 NYCRR) and Canon 5 of the essays+, Code of Judicial Conduct. CANON 9. Essays+! A Lawyer Should Avoid Even the Appearance of Professional Impropriety. Continuation of the American concept that we are to be governed by rules of law requires that the thesis, people have faith that justice can be obtained through our legal system. A lawyer should promote public confidence in our system and in the legal profession. Public confidence in law and lawyers may be eroded by irresponsible or improper conduct of a lawyer. On occasion, ethical conduct of a lawyer may appear to non-lawyers to be unethical. Essays+! In order to avoid misunderstandings and hence to maintain confidence, a lawyer should fully and promptly inform the magazine writing, client of material developments in the matters being handled for the client. Essays+! While a lawyer should guard against writing otherwise proper conduct that has a tendency to diminish public confidence in the legal system or in the legal profession, the lawyer's duty to clients or to essays+ the public should never be subordinate merely because the go to birmingham essay, full discharge of the lawyer's obligation may be misunderstood or may tend to subject the essays+, lawyer or the legal profession to criticism.
When explicit ethical guidance does not exist a lawyer should determine prospective conduct by acting in magazine a manner that promotes public confidence in the integrity and efficiency of the legal system and the legal profession. A lawyer who leaves judicial office or other public employment should not thereafter accept employment in connection with any matter in which the lawyer had substantial responsibility prior to leaving, since to accept employment would give the appearance of essays+, impropriety even if none exists. Because the very essence of the legal system is to provide procedures by magazine which matters can be presented in an impartial manner so that they may be decided solely upon the merits, any statement or suggestion by a lawyer that the lawyer can or would attempt to circumvent those procedures is detrimental to the legal system and tends to undermine public confidence in it. Separation of the funds of a client from those of the lawyer not only serves to protect the client but also avoids even the appearance of impropriety, and therefore commingling of such funds should be avoided. Every lawyer owes a solemn duty to uphold the integrity and essays+, honor of the profession; to encourage respect for watsons go to question, the law and for the courts and essays+, the judges thereof; to observe the Code of Professional Responsibility; to act as a member of a learned profession, one dedicated to public service; to cooperate with other lawyers in dbq essay supporting the essays+, organized bar through devoting time, efforts, and financial support as the lawyer's professional standing and ability reasonably permit; to act so as to reflect credit on the legal profession and to inspire the confidence, respect, and trust of clients and magazine writing, of the public; and to strive to avoid not only professional impropriety but also the appearance of impropriety. DR 9-101 [1200.45] Avoiding Even the Appearance of Impropriety. A. A lawyer shall not accept private employment in a matter upon the merits of essays+, which the lawyer has acted in birmingham question a judicial capacity.
B. Except as law may otherwise expressly permit: 1. A lawyer shall not represent a private client in essays+ connection with a matter in which the lawyer participated personally and birmingham essay question, substantially as a public officer or employee, and no lawyer in a firm with which that lawyer is associated may knowingly undertake or continue representation in such a matter unless: a. The disqualified lawyer is effectively screened from any participation, direct or indirect, including discussion, in the matter and is apportioned no part of the fee therefrom; and. b. Essays+! There are no other circumstances in the particular representation that create an essays+ appearance of impropriety. 2. A lawyer having information that the essays+, lawyer knows is dbq essay, confidential government information about essays+, a person, acquired when the lawyer was a public officer or employee, may not represent a private client whose interests are adverse to that person in a matter in which the information could be used to the material disadvantage of homework help florida, that person. A firm with which that lawyer is associated may knowingly undertake or continue representation in the matter only if the disqualified lawyer is effectively screened from any participation, direct or indirect, including discussion, in the matter and is apportioned no part of the fee therefrom. 3. A lawyer serving as a public officer or employee shall not: a. Participate in a matter in which the lawyer participated personally and substantially while in private practice or non-governmental employment, unless under applicable law no one is, or by lawful delegation may be, authorized to act in the lawyer's stead in the matter; or. b. Negotiate for private employment with any person who is involved as a party or as attorney for a party in a matter in essays+ which the lawyer is participating personally and substantially.
C. Watsons Go To Question! A lawyer shall not state or imply that the lawyer is able to influence improperly or upon irrelevant grounds any tribunal, legislative body, or public official. D. A lawyer related to another lawyer as parent, child, sibling or spouse shall not represent in essays+ any matter a client whose interests differ from those of another party to essay the matter who the essays+, lawyer knows is represented by the other lawyer unless the essays+, client consents to the representation after full disclosure and the lawyer concludes that the essays+, lawyer can adequately represent the interests of the client. DR 9-102 [1200.46] Preserving Identity of Funds and Property of Others; Fiduciary Responsibility; Commingling and Misappropriation of Client Funds or Property; Maintenance of Bank Accounts; Record Keeping; Examination of Records. A. Prohibition Against Commingling and Missappropriation of Client Funds or Property. A lawyer in uci application possession of any funds or other property belonging to essays+ another person, where such possession is incident to his or her practice of law, is a fiduciary, and must not misappropriate such funds or property or commingle such funds or property with his or her own.
B. Separate Accounts. 1. A lawyer who is in possession of funds belonging to another person incident to the lawyer's practice of law, shall maintain such funds in a banking institution within the State of homework, New York which agrees to essays+ provide dishonored check reports in accordance with the provisions of Part 1300 of the the joint rules of the Appellate Divisions. Banking institution means a state or national bank, trust company, savings bank, savings and loan association or credit union. Such funds shall be maintained, in the lawyer's own name, or in the name of a firm of lawyers of uci application essay, which he or she is essays+, a member, or in the name of the lawyer or firm of lawyers by whom he or she is essay, employed, in essays+ a special account or accounts, separate from any business or personal accounts of the lawyer or lawyer's firm, and separate from magazine, any accounts which the lawyer may maintain as executor, guardian, trustee or receiver, or in any other fiduciary capacity, into essays+ which special account or accounts all funds held in escrow or otherwise entrusted to the lawyer or firm shall be deposited; provided, however, that such funds may be maintained in essays+ a banking institution located outside the State of New York if such banking institution complies with such Part 1300, and the lawyer has obtained the prior written approval of the person to whom such funds belong which specifies the name and essays+, address of the office or branch of the banking institution where such funds are to be maintained. 2. A lawyer or the uci application, lawyer's firm shall identify the special bank account or accounts required by DR 9-102 [1200.46] (B)(1) as an Attorney Special Account, or Attorney Trust Account, or Attorney Escrow Account, and shall obtain checks and deposit slips that bear such title. Essays+! Such title may be accompanied by such other descriptive language as the lawyer may deem appropriate provided that such additional language distinguishes such special account or accounts from other bank accounts that are maintained by the lawyer or the lawyer's firm. 3. Funds reasonably sufficient to maintain the account or to pay account charges may be deposited therein. 4. Funds belonging in part to a client or third person and in go to birmingham essay question part presently or potentially to the lawyer or law firm shall be kept in such special account or accounts, but the essays+, portion belonging to the lawyer or law firm may be withdrawn when due unless the right of the florida, lawyer or law firm to receive it is essays+, disputed by the client or third person, in which event the disputed portion shall not be withdrawn until the dispute is finally resolved.
C. Notification of Receipt of dbq essay outlines, Property; Safekeeping; Rendering Accounts; Payment or Delivery of Property. 1. Promptly notify a client or third person of the receipt of funds, securities,or other properties in which the client or third person has an interest. 2. Identify and label securities and properties of a client or third person promptly upon receipt and place them in a safe deposit box or other place of safekeeping as soon as practicable. 3. Maintain complete records of all funds, securities, and essays+, other properties of a client or third person coming into the possession of the lawyer and render appropriate accounts to the client or third person regarding them. 4. Promptly pay or deliver to thesis the client or third person as requested by the client or third person the funds, securities, or other properties in the possession of the lawyer which the client or third person is entitled to essays+ receive. D. Required Bookkeeping Records. A lawyer shall maintain for essay, seven years after the events which they record: 1. The records of all deposits in and withdrawals from the accounts specified in DR 9-102 [1200.46] (B) and of any other bank account which concerns or affects the lawyer's practice of law. These records shall specifically identify the date, source and essays+, description of essays+, each item deposited, as well as the date, payee and purpose of each withdrawal or disbursement. 2. A record for special accounts, showing the essays+, source of homework help, all funds deposited in such accounts, the names of essays+, all persons for essay, whom the funds are or were held, the essays+, amount of such funds, the essays+, description and essays+, amounts, and the names of all persons to essays+ whom such funds were disbursed. 3. Copies of all retainer and compensation agreements with clients.
4. Copies of all statements to clients or other persons showing the disbursement of funds to essays+ them or on essays+ their behalf. 5. Copies of essays+, all bills rendered to clients. 6. Copies of all records showing payments to lawyers, investigators or other persons, not in outlines the lawyer's regular employ, for services rendered or performed. 7. Copies of all retainer and closing statements filed with the Office of Court Administration. 8. All checkbooks and check stubs, bank statements, prenumbered canceled checks and duplicated deposit slips with respect to the special accounts specified in essays+ DR 9-102(B) and any other bank account which records the operations of the lawyer's practice of law. 9. Lawyers shall make accurate entries of all financial transactions in their records of receipts and disbursements, in their special accounts, in their ledger books or similar records, and in any other books of account kept by them in the regular course of their practice, which entries shall be made at or near the time of the thesis voorbeeld, act, condition or event recorded. 10. For purposes of DR 9-102 [1200.46] (D), a lawyer may satisfy the requirements of maintaining ?copies? by maintaining any of the following items: original records, photocopies, microfilm, optical imaging, and any other medium that preserves an image of the document that cannot be altered without detection.
E. Authorized Signatories. All special account withdrawals shall be made only to a named payee and not to cash. Such withdrawals shall be made by check or, with the prior written approval of the party entitled to the proceeds, by bank transfer. Only an essays+ attorney admitted to practice law in New York State shall be an authorized signatory of thesis voorbeeld, a special account. F. Missing Clients. Whenever any sum of money is payable to essays+ a client and the lawyer is unable to locate the client, the lawyer shall apply to the court in which the action was brought if in the unified court system, or, if no action was commenced in the unified court system, to the Supreme Court in the county in which the lawyer maintains an office for the practice of watsons go to birmingham question, law, for an order directing payment to the lawyer of any fees and disbursements that are owed by essays+ the client and the balance, if any, to the Lawyers' Fund for Client Protection for safeguarding and disbursement to persons who are entitled thereto.
G. Designation of Successsor Signatories. 1. Upon the death of a lawyer who was the sole signatory on an attorney trust, escrow or special account, an application may be made to the Supreme Court for an order designating a successor signatory for such trust, escrow or special account who shall be a member of the bar in homework florida good standing and essays+, admitted to the practice of law in New York State. 2. An application to designate a successor signatory shall be made to the Supreme Court in magazine writing the judicial district in essays+ which the deceased lawyer maintained an office for the practice of law. The application may be made by the legal representative of the deceased lawyer?s estate; a lawyer who was affiliated with the deceased lawyer in the practice of law; any person who has a beneficial interest in such trust, escrow or special account; an essays+ officer of a city or county bar association ; or counsel for an attorney disciplinary committee. No lawyer may charge a legal fee for assisting with an application to designate a successor signatory pursuant to this rule. 3. The Supreme Court may designate a successor signatory and may direct the safeguarding of funds from such trust, escrow or special account, and the disbursement of such funds to persons who are entitled thereto, and may order that funds in such account be deposited with the Lawyers? Fund for essays+, Client Protection for safeguarding and writing, disbursement to persons who are entitled thereto. H. Dissolution of a Firm.
Upon the dissolution of any firm of lawyers, the former partners or members shall make appropriate arrangements for the maintenance by one of them or by essays+ a successor firm of the records specified in DR 9-102 [1200.46] (D). In the absence of essays+, agreement on such arrangements, any partner or former partner or member of a firm in dissolution may apply to the Appellate Division in which the principal office of the law firm is located or its designee for essays+, direction and essays+, such direction shall be binding upon all partners, former partners or members. I. Availability of Bookkeeping Records; Records Subject to Production in Disciplinary Investigations and Proceedings. The financial records required by this Disciplinary Rule shall be located, or made available, at essays+, the principal New York State office of the lawyers subject hereto and any such records shall be produced in response to a notice or subpoena duces tecum issued in connection with a complaint before or any investigation by the appropriate grievance or departmental disciplinary committee, or shall be produced at outlines, the direction of the appropriate Appellate Division before any person designated by it. All books and records produced pursuant to this subdivision shall be kept confidential, except for essays+, the purpose of the particular proceeding, and their contents shall not be disclosed by anyone in violation of the lawyer-client privilege. J. Disciplinary Action. A lawyer who does not maintain and keep the accounts and records as specified and required by this Disciplinary Rule, or who does not produce any such records pursuant to this Rule, shall be deemed in violation of these Rules and shall be subject to disciplinary proceedings. An attorney may obtain ethical guidance regarding questions concerning the attorney's OWN professional conduct by writing to the Committee on Professional Ethics at the address below. Opinions of the dbq essay outlines, Committee are advisory and are rendered only to attorneys concerning their own proposed conduct, not the conduct of another attorney.
The Committee does not pass upon questions of law or on matters which are in litigation - such matters are within the authority of the court to determine. The Committee does not consider hypothetical questions or questions which have also been presented to another bar association's ethics committee. The Committee's determinations are issued either in the form of an informal letter response, which is sent to the inquiring attorney only, or in a formal advisory opinion which is published.
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Why is anyone called a hero? If people have the above-mentioned qualities, they can be called heroes. To get a better idea of how to write a topic sentence in your definition of a hero essay, you need to take a look at good examples. They will tell you more about the most important elements that should be included. The above-mentioned questions will help you create a perfect topic sentence, but you should give your own answers first. Make sure you use proper and matching words, especially when it comes to a conclusion, to make your definition of outlines a hero essay appear more innovative, creative, and interesting to readers. If you are assigned with this task, talk to your professors to find out if there are many unique requirements to meet. Essays+. Students usually need to write a 5-paragraph definition of a essay that should consist of such important sections as the introduction, negation, function, and example paragraphs, and conclusion.
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What are their crucial traits? Don’t forget to include your comments and hotline florida, explanations when answering them. The negation paragraph of your definition of a hero essay must explain heroism while including supporting explanations and essays+, comments. When it comes to your examples paragraph, you should pick a few different heroes (animal, fictional. old, young, super, national, and so on). This means you need to use a certain variety to dbq essay explain how each one of them can fit your definition and support a thesis statement. Remember to include at least a few quotes too. Write a great conclusion to wrap up your definition of a hero essay. What can people learn from heroes? Why are they important? So what?
If you can’t ask these questions, contact our team of essays+ expert writers dealing with all tasks, including a business paper , in essay an affordable, fast, and reliable way. Nowadays, all people have their role models that inspire that in essays+ their lives, and they want to writing be like them. Some people want to resemble famous actors, while others are more inspired by national heroes. This means they all have specific heroes, so it’s no wonder a definition of a hero essay is essays+, one of the most common academic assignments given to watsons go to essay question students by essays+ their professors who want to get a better idea of how they think. If you are assigned with the qualities of a hero essay , you need to show your ability to analyze a specific figure. If you don’t know how to do that, don’t feel upset because there are many essay writing services to choose from.
Make sure you are using the best one, such as the voorbeeld, professional help offered by our academic writers at quite reasonable rates. If you’re not familiar with an outline, keep in mind that it’s your framework of important points that should be discussed when writing any academic paper. For example, when it comes to your writing an opinion essay , you need to make a plan or a summary of your future work. Take into consideration the following order if you want to write the best outline and essay: The introduction of your definition of essays+ a hero essay.
This is where it’s necessary to make a thesis statement describing your chosen character. Focus on the action where heroics take place with and all crucial supporting details. Don’t forget to include the characteristic of your chosen hero, such as his negative and magazine, positive actions with details, benefits, effects on the public, and so on. Describe heroic acts, present actions related to your chosen topic with supporting coursework examples. Write a brief and solid conclusion to essays+ summarize your essay and restating your thesis. Writing the Best Definition of essays+ a Hero Essay Topic Sentences. According to essays+ statistics, more students usually don’t find it quite hard to write this kind of thesis academic paper. However, when developing their topic sentences, they may get worried, and if you are one of essays+ them, pay attention to the following questions that should be answered to magazine writing come up with a great topic sentence relevant to your definition of hero essay. What is the right definition of this term?
When completing this academic assignment, you should describe a legendary creature or a figure with extraordinary abilities or divine authority. Essays+. What are these extraordinary qualities of homework help heroes? Make your detailed case study analysis about courage, bravery, honesty, integrity, and essays+, so on. Outlines. Why is anyone called a hero? If people have the essays+, above-mentioned qualities, they can be called heroes. To get a better idea of essays+ how to write a topic sentence in your definition of a hero essay, you need to essays+ take a look at good examples. They will tell you more about the most important elements that should be included. The above-mentioned questions will help you create a perfect topic sentence, but you should give your own answers first.
Make sure you use proper and matching words, especially when it comes to a conclusion, to make your definition of a hero essay appear more innovative, creative, and interesting to readers. If you are assigned with this task, talk to your professors to find out if there are many unique requirements to meet. Students usually need to write a 5-paragraph definition of a essay that should consist of such important sections as the introduction, negation, function, and example paragraphs, and conclusion. Birmingham Essay. There are specific steps that you should take to write a great academic paper, such as prewriting, creating a draft, revising, proofreading, research, and so on. Make sure the essays+, final copy of your definition of a hero essay is typed in 12-point Times New Roman and double-spaced, unless your professor provided you with other directions.
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119 Journal Prompts for essays+ Your Journal Jar. There are a myriad of benefits to journaling, and everyone should consider keeping a journal. Homework Help Florida? However, one of the essays+ obstacles that people face when they want to essays+ pick up the practice of journaling is that they don#8217;t know what to write about. In this post you#8217;ll discover 119 journal prompts to help you get started in keeping a journal, or as additional inspiration for dedicated journalers. I recommend that you do the following: Get a beautiful jarit can be a canning jar, a mason jar, or any other jar you have in the house. Print out the prompts below on slips of paper. Place the slips of paper in the jar. Reach into your jar each day as you prepare to write in your journal and essays+, take out one of the thesis prompts. Set your timer anywhere from 10 to essays+ 40 minutes, depending on how much time you have available for journaling. Write anything that comes to writing mind as you read each prompt and elaborate on each point as much as you can.
Below you#8217;ll find 119 journal prompts for your journal jar. Essays+? Sunday Scribblings is essays+, a site that posts a writing prompt every Saturday. The idea is that on essays+, Sunday you create a piece of writing inspired by thesis voorbeeld the prompt, post it on your blog, and essays+, leave a comment on the “Sunday Scribblings” site letting them know that you’ve participated. These can also be used as journal prompts. Here are some of their prompts: What scares you?
Do you have a plan? Do you need a plan? Have you had a plan fall spectacularly to pieces? What is your take on dbq essay outlines, soul mates? Are you a worrier? Is there a particular worry that you can’t shake? How do you cope with worry? Dear Past Me . . . Dear Future Me . Essays+? . Writing? . Essays+? You can create lists of essay, many things, such as the following: Places you’ve enjoyed visiting. Things you’ve done that you previously thought you could never do. Essays+? The people you most admire.
Your favorite books. Your favorite movies. Help Hotline Florida? Your favorite songs. Essays+? Your top five short term goals. Uci Application? Your top five long term goals. Do you have anything you would like to confess (even if it’s just to the pages of your journal)? Nobody knows that I . . . Dear ____, it weighs on me that I never told you . . . The biggest lie I’ve ever told is essays+, . . Homework? . Is there anything you feel guilty about? Is there anything you need to essays+ be forgiven for? What’s the worst thing you’ve ever done? What’s your secret desire?
What’s the most outrageous thing you’ve ever done? Look at the following quotes and write whatever comes to essays+ mind when you read them: “If your daily life seems poor, do not blame it; tell yourself that you are not poet enough to essays+ call forth its riches.” — Rilke “I have always imagined that Paradise will be some kind of library.” — Jorge Luis Borges “Call it a clan, call it a network, call it a tribe, call it a family. Whatever you call it, whoever you are, you need one.” — Jane Howard “What in uci application essay your life is calling you? When all the noise is silenced, the meetings adjourned, the lists laid aside, and essays+, the wild iris blooms by itself in the dark forest, what still pulls on your soul? In the thesis voorbeeld silence between your heartbeats hides a summons, do you hear it?
Name it, if you must, or leave it forever nameless, but why pretend it is not there?” — The Terma Collective “Art is when you hear a knocking from essays+ your soul and dbq essay, you answer.” Star Riches. The most terrifying moment of my life was . . . The most fun I’ve ever had . Essays+? . . The most surprised I’ve ever been . Dbq Essay? . . Essays+? The most disappointed I’ve ever been . . Thesis Voorbeeld? . What are you looking forward to the most? Leaf through a couple of magazines and cut out any images that catch your attention. Use each one as a prompt. Look through your photographs and essays+, choose a few to write about. Buy art books that are at a discount and cut them up for watsons go to essay images. Three things you can’t go without.
Three celebrity crushes. Three favorite book characters. Three favorite things to wear. Three things you want in a relationship. If you had to evacuate your home because of a natural disaster, what three things would you take with you? Three pet peeves. Three things you’d do if you weren’t so afraid. Three favorite TV shows. You’re going to make lists that will add up to 100 things you love. Make sure you give an essays+, explanation for help hotline each of the essays+ things you add to your list. For example, don’t just list your favorite restaurants, write down what you enjoy about each one (the warm bread they serve before the meal, the essays+ waiter who always remembers your favorite dish, the whimsical decor, and essays+, so on).
10 Activities 10 Restaurants 10 People 10 Foods 10 Games 6 Drinks/Beverages 4 Desserts 10 Paintings 10 Web Sites 10 Writers 10 Famous lines from books/movies. My saddest memory is thesis voorbeeld, . Essays+? . . Writing? Some of the things that make me happy are . . . How do you deal with anger? How easy is it for you to forgive those who have caused you pain? What is the dominant emotion in your life right now? My favorite Sunday ritual . . . The Holiday traditions I most look forward to . Essays+? . Hotline Florida? . Things I always did with my dad when I was small . Essays+? . . Magazine? Things I always did with my mom when I was little . . . Essays+? If you could have dinner with anyone currently alive, who would it be? If you could meet any fictional character, who would it be? If you could change one thing about your present life, what would it be? If you could live anywhere you wanted, where would you live?
If you could go back in time and change one things from essay your past, what would it be? What was your favorite toy? Did you ever get lost? Who was your best friend in elementary school? Did you ever run away from home? As a child, what did you want to be when you grew up? What was your favorite subject in school? Who was your favorite teacher? What’s your first memory?
What was your favorite cartoon? What book did you read over and over essays+, again as a child? What is uci application, your most vivid memory of the kitchen in your childhood? As a child, who was your favorite relative? Thinking of the Week That Just Ended. Who made you feel good this week?
What was the essays+ biggest mistake you made this week? What did you do this week that moved you closer to reaching your goals? Is there anything you did this week that you wish you’d done differently? What did you most enjoy doing this week? How did you procrastinate on important tasks this week? What did you learn this week? What’s the funniest thing that happened to you this week? Write a letter to essays+ someone you need to essays+ forgive.
Write a letter to someone who believed in you even when you didn’t believe in yourself. Write a letter to homework help hotline florida be read by each of essays+, your loved ones after you’ve passed away. Write a fan letter to your favorite actor/actress. Write a letter to florida the editor of your favorite magazine telling them what features you would like to see included in the magazine. Essays+? Is there something you’re reluctant to tell someone?
Write a letter to help y0u organize your thoughts. Write about your first dance. Write about your first crush. Write about your first week in college. Write about your first job. Write about the first apartment you ever rented. When did you feel truly independent for the first time?
What would you do if you knew you could not fail? What would you do if money were no object? What would you ask for if a genie granted you three wishes? What’s your wildest dream? What would you do if you could live a day without consequences? What grand adventure do you wish you could go on? If you could become an expert in any subject or activity, what would it be? What would your perfect day be like? Close your eyes and writing, imagine the kind of essays+, world you would like to see. What is it like? What makes you unique?
How do you stand out from the outlines crowd? What are your best character traits? What are you really good at? How would you describe yourself? How would your best friend describe you? What character traits do you need to work on? What are some of essays+, your idiosyncrasies? How do you indulge yourself?
Do you need to indulge yourself more often? How do you think others see you when they meet you for the first time? Use your journaling sessions to think about your ideal life. Ask yourself dream triggers, such as the following: How would you like to birmingham essay question make this world a better place? How can you best share your gifts with the essays+ world? What qualities do you want in watsons birmingham essay a romantic partner?
What are the top ten characteristics that you look for in a romantic partner? What are the top ten qualities a friend should have (treats people with respect; listens but doesn’t judge; has a quirky sense of humor; is an artist; lives with passion; doesn’t sweat the small stuff; is essays+, loyal and trustworthy)? What would make you feel spiritually fulfilled? What famous world festivals would you like to essays+ attend? You#8217;ll find 1000 dream triggers, covering 10 different life areas, here. Essays+? My eBook, #8220;Create Your Life Story#8221;, contains 444 memory prompts, covering several life areas, to help you get started recording your memories and writing your life story. They can also be used as journaling prompts. Here are three of the prompts that you#8217;ll find inside: Was there anything noteworthy about your mother’s upbringing she grew up in thesis voorbeeld extreme poverty or extreme wealth; she grew up during the Great Depression; she grew up surrounded by artists, philosophers, or politicians; her family moved around a lot when she was growing up; and so on? Write down three of your father’s favorites (it could be his favorite singer, his favorite book or author, his favorite movie, his favorite time of the year, his favorite basketball player, his favorite artist, his favorite meal, his favorite dessert, and so on). Do you have any famous or high profile family members?
If so, write about them. Essays+? Keeping a journal is a great tool for changing your life for the better. In addition, keeping prompts in a journal jar will make journaling easier. The prompts above are a great place to outlines start. Essays+? Did you enjoy this article? Subscribe to “Daring to Live Fully” by clicking here and dbq essay, get free updates. Essays+? Comments on this entry are closed. Awesome. Dbq Essay? I Love this! I also had an idea as I read through some of these prompts that I think I#8217;m going to use some of them to do a #8220;get to know you better#8221; game with my siblings. As we are getting older and are now spread so far apart there is so much I#8217;d love to know in a deeper way about them.
The easier things I know, but I#8217;d like to ask things from like #8220;The Sky#8217;s the Limit#8221; along with a few other deeper questions. Hi, I#8217;m 14 and my teacher said we needed to find some journal prompts. I stumbled upon essays+, this website and thought I#8217;d say that I would be using it a lot for essays+ myself. I love to write and journal. Essays+? It#8217;s my passion and one day my future job. So thanks for outlines making this website #128578; Hi there! I#8217;m at essays+, work browsing your blog from my new apple iphone!
Just wanted to say I love reading your blog and look forward to go to birmingham essay question all your posts! Keep up the essays+ superb work! Marelisa, thank you for this wonderful list!! I#8217;m guest posting about journals at Or So She Says on Monday (February 11) and I#8217;m linking to your list! Hope you don#8217;t mind. Thanks again and have a great day! Hi Brooke: It would be great if you linked to my post, thank you. it was wonderful reading your journal prompts. thanks a lot. The post really assisted me. Excellent list of prompts. I appreciate all the outlines hard work that went into this.
Thanks for essays+ your hard work! I#8217;m modifying some of these for dbq essay my classroom journals. Essays+? Excellent work. kudos. Been into keeping a journal since I was 21 in 1987 and found that I am sometimes still in the mood to magazine write even after I#8217;ve already updated my journal with what#8217;s going at the present moment in essays+ my life. I think this is a great way to expand those journal horizons, so to speak. Although I#8217;ve probably mentioned most of these things in my journals over the years, it#8217;s nice to have a consolidated and organized theme I can follow such as this. Thanks!
This site is really awesome. I was just thinking that I wanted to hotline florida make a list of essays+, journal prompts so I googled journal prompts and found this. Hotline? Now I have a whole bunch of great things to write about. THANKS! Marelisa Fabrega is essays+, a lawyer and watsons go to birmingham essay question, entrepreneur.
She holds a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration from Georgetown University in Washington, D.C., as well as a Juris Doctor from the Georgetown University Law Center. Subscribe to Daring to Live Fully. This site rocks the Classic Responsive Skin for Thesis.
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Essay On Compare Urban And Rural Life Essays and Research Papers. would explore the relationship between the rural poor and education. Essays+! But more specifically, having read the Hallway Hangers, how do poor, . rural youths differ in their educational goals and achievements than poor, urban youths? It is evident that rural poor are at essays+ a disadvantage educationally, socially, and economically compared to the urban poor. Rural youths' chances of employment (whether in essays+, agriculture or in other areas), are weaker than their urban counterparts. The paper would set out to. Article , City , Education 1403 Words | 4 Pages. RURAL AND URBAN Imagine that all people live in villages or they all live in cities. Magazine Writing! How would the life be if . people lived the same lifestyle? A proverb in Yemen says,” Being rural is the best color of lifestyle.’’ In which is meant living in villages is better than living in cities. Well, there is essays+, no doubt that life in villages is so beautiful, and very interesting indeed, but at the same there are people who prefer to live in metropolitan cities and this is due to their lust of living.
City , Developed environments , Education 901 Words | 3 Pages. Rural Life vs. Urban Life. a Russian Example. It is indisputable that there has always been a sharp distinction between urban and rural living. Therefore many people at some . period of their life find themselves questioning the advantages of rural and urban life . Many villagers would like to abandon their godforsaken place and to move to a big city. All of us know a modern Russian fairytale about a girl or a guy who leaves his home country to conquer Moscow. The fact is that it seems to uci application essay, some people prestigious to live in the very centre of a. City , Ecology , Population 1388 Words | 3 Pages. Difference between Rural and Urban Life : |SR .NO | Rural Life . | Urban life | |1 |Environment: Close / direct contact with nature. Essays+! |Greater isolation from nature.
Predominance of manmade | | |Preliminaries influenced by natural environmental |(artificial environment). | | |elements like rain, heat, drought, frost, sow. City , Emile Durkheim , Population 625 Words | 3 Pages. September 2012 Urban versus Rural Living People all over the United States decide on a daily basis on where they want to . live. Uci Application Essay! First off people have to essays+, understand what defines rural from urban . The United States Census Bureau classifies an urban environment as having a population density of at watsons go to birmingham essay least one thousand people per square mile. Any area surrounding those census blocks with a population density of five hundred or fewer people per essays+, square mile are classified as rural (U.S. Census Bureau). Census , City , Population 889 Words | 3 Pages. pragmatic concerns of financial security and ease of life are his priorities. Homework Hotline Florida! He has made himself perfectly at essays+ home in the modern economy: he . works as a lawyer dealing with rich men's legal documents.
He is therefore an opposite or complement to Bartleby in outlines, many ways. Essays+! He is also ill suited to be entrusted with the salvation of another. Bartleby the Scrivener is one of the first great stories of corporate discontent. The emptiness of modern business life is an important theme. The description of the office. Bartleby , Bartleby, the Scrivener , Dead letter office 2478 Words | 6 Pages.
Pakistan Rural and Urban Community. Anthropology Pakistani Rural and Urban Community: Comparing Family and Kinship Systems. Voorbeeld! People in Pakistan are greatly . trilingual and most people living here are Muslims. They respect their customs and traditions and closely follow family values. Most people are living as joint family systems along with their kinsmen, with exceptions choosing the essays+, nuclear way of life . Kinship is a relationship between any entities that share a genealogical origin, through biological, cultural, or historical. Anthropology , Arranged marriage , Consanguinity 2615 Words | 7 Pages. A Comparative Study: Quality of Life in Rural and essays+, Urban Communities (partial) ?CHAPTER I THE PROBLEM Introduction “The unexamined life is not worth living.” - Socrates The saying by Socrates which dates back 469 BC . - 399 BC is essays+, a written proof that even in the ancient times of Greece, man is already searching for what constitutes a good life and how to quantify and examine living conditions. Happiness, life satisfaction, and magazine writing, subjective well-being are closely connected to essays+, quality of life . Accordingly, quality of watsons birmingham, life is defined based on different approaches. It can depend. Batangas City , City , Happiness 1494 Words | 5 Pages.
Characteristics Of Urban And Rural. ?http://www.friendsmania.net/forum/b-com-part-1-pakistan-studies-notes/27009.htm Q.3. Describe the differences between the rural and . urban societies in Pakistan. Rural Societies Pakistan is an agriculture country and essays+, 80% of its people form the homework help hotline florida, rural population of the country. The villages, towns and small cities form the essays+, rural areas of Pakistan. Their main profession is cultivation ?????? and ploughing. The entire population of writing, Pakistan is scattered and resides in villages, towns and big cities.
City , Developed environments , Population 1501 Words | 6 Pages. Rural Community vs. Essays+! Urban Community Some people prefer the hustle and bustle of the magazine, city life while others . Essays+! prefer the relaxed and laid back life of the dbq essay, country. Essays+! Living in uci application, a rural community and living in an urban community are completely different. Essays+! Most people have their preference of where they would like to live. Your lifestyle will always be influenced by the society in which you choose to voorbeeld, live.
Some people find a rural life boring while other people find an urban life too chaotic. To some. City , Developed environments , Population 775 Words | 3 Pages. pollution in urban in rural homes. near the urban areas causes severe pollution to the surroundings. The largest sources of human-created air pollution are energy generation, . transportation, and industries that use a great deal of energy sources. Depending on essays+ their source and interactions with other components of the essays+, air, they can have different chemical compositions and health impacts. Since these pollutants are generally concentrated in essays+, and around urban areas, the uci application essay, outdoor urban pollution levels are far higher than in the rural areas. Air pollution , Air Quality Index , Dust 803 Words | 3 Pages. ?Critically Discuss Some Ways in Which Urban Life is Gendered WHAT IS URBAN LIFE ? . Essays+! Urban life is really broad to define and cannot be described in uci application, simple definite terms, however on a surface level it could be said to mean “city life ”, in my opinion, I understand urban life to encompass so many things: modern living, technology, Industry and essays+, industrialization; economy, its growth and development; politics and uci application, how it influences the society; and the demerits and shortcomings of all these developments. City , Female , Gender 2008 Words | 7 Pages.
healthy lifestyle? Living in different places such as urban or rural areas would be a factor on how they determine their . lifestyle. People in the developed countries are more informed about living in a healthy lifestyle which make their life healthier and fitter than the essays+, people in help florida, the undeveloped countries, whereas people in Malaysia who live in an urban area are more aware and concern about living in essays+, a healthy way and the people who live in a rural area should be educated and well-informed about their. City , Epidemiology , Health 1125 Words | 3 Pages. ?Is urban living better than rural living? Related Topics: Home Add a New Topic Add to My Favorites Debate This Topic . Essay! Report This Topic 22% Say Yes 78% Say No Culture and opportunities abound I understand the other side, but as a younger person, I find living near an urban center to be invaluable. Crime is rarely anything to essays+, worry about. The main reason is that in the search to essays+, find oneself, there are a plethora of opportunities in essays+, cities. You can walk down one block and experience. City , Crime , Developed environments 903 Words | 5 Pages. Differences Between Urban and Rural Settlements.
URBAN : • The number of uci application, residents is increasingly more in an urban area. • The density of human-established structures is high . in the case of an urban area. Essays+! • Cities and towns constitute urban areas. • It is interesting to note that natural resources and artificial resources develop rapidly in urban areas or in other words it can be said that the areas characterized by natural growth of resources flourish into urban areas. Urban areas are subjected to go to birmingham essay question, a process called urbanization. Vegetation. City , Developed environments , Metropolitan area 1658 Words | 5 Pages. [pic] [pic] Tips on Tackling Essay Questions 1. First, circle the question words such as Describe, Explain, Discuss, . Essays+! Compare and Contrast, Give examples, Evaluate etc. 2. Understand the meaning of each question word: o Describe: usually write down some factual information (e.g. temperature of help hotline florida, TRF, annual rainfall of tropical deserts) o Explain: to make known in detail - facts are most important o Account for: state the essays+, reason for o Discuss: Describe. City , Developed country , Human migration 891 Words | 4 Pages. Short essay on Rural and Urban Communities One of the homework help, broadcasts and most revealing of essays+, all social contracts is watsons, . exhibited by the differences of urban and rural life . Essays+! This contrast is one of social environment. It divides community organization in two broad types-the urban and dbq essay, the rural . For many centuries city and country are two general types of essays+, human habitation. However, we must remember that rural and voorbeeld, urban depict modes of community life , not simply geographical locations.
The most obvious. City , Ecology , Human habitats 654 Words | 2 Pages. Urban versus Rural Living Every country has its own taste, lifestyles and certain norms and standards. Every . country presents two different types of culture in that very setting. There has always been a sharp distinction between urban and rural living, with each having its particular advantages and disadvantages. Both these present contrasting characters with different lifestyles and essays+, different perception of life . It has been noted that one of the birmingham essay, contrast between. City , Ecology , Human habitats 738 Words | 2 Pages.
Term Papers on Urban Vs Rural Life Every country has its own taste, lifestyles and essays+, certain norms and . standards. Every country presents two different types of culture in that very setting. Yes, I am talking about the rural and urban life . Both these present contrasting characters with different lifestyles and different perception of life . It has been noted that one of the contrast between leading an urban and a rural life is that in the countryside much of the magazine, time is spent finding something. City , Ecology , Population 455 Words | 2 Pages. PLANNING INITIATIVES’ GOALS AND DETROIT URBAN AGRICULTURE OUTCOMES: A COMPARISON Assignment #5: Reviewed Proposal Zoe Pearce, 6777341 To: . Zahra Azizi Urbs 240 1 PLANNING INITIATIVES’ GOALS AND DETROIT URBAN AGRICULTURE OUTCOMES: A COMPARISON 2 This paper will examine the urban agriculture movement currently taking place in Detroit, Michigan and how it is having an essays+ effect on the city that the uci application, goals and motivations of historical planning initiatives strived to achieve. Essays+! This paper. City , Garden city movement , Urban decay 1193 Words | 5 Pages. Rural life vs Urban life Nowadays the smaller rural communities are considered to . be more sociable and essays+, pleasant to live in than larger urban communities. Are these assumptions factual or are they merely based on sentiment? The most important difference can be found by comparing the sociological structure of farm life to essays+, the same structure in a city. Magazine Writing! Larger communities enable all members to have more privacy than in smaller communities, thus a certain sense of “anonymity” arises which in it’s.
City , Ecology , Rural 423 Words | 2 Pages. Broader Forces That Shape Urban Life. This essay will be looking at some of the different ways in which broader forces shape urban life . For the essays+, purpose . of this paper references will be drawn from different authors including Wirth( 1938), Jacobs(1961), Wilson (1996), Harvey, Foucault and cooper. Writing! This essay will also look at some definitions of what urban life is and the characteristics of it. For Wirth (1938), Urbanism is a way of life , and essays+, although in the city, urbanism looks beyond the physical structures of the city, it looks at. Capitalism , City , Michel Foucault 2516 Words | 6 Pages. reading productive books which can be the building blocks of character, economy, society, politics and nation. As William Somerset Maugham said: “To acquire . the habit of reading is to construct for yourself a refuge from almost all the miseries of life .” So build a library at home. The reading habit has been a great help in developing knowledge. Essays+! But today in an age when browsing the net, playing with mobiles and passing non-stop SMS seem to be the essays+, order of the magazine writing, day, TV and films fill the minds of.
Book , City , E-book 1935 Words | 5 Pages. STUDENT’S MANUAL UNIT II: RURAL AND URBAN SOCIETY (PART-I) LIFE IN RURAL AND . Essays+! URBAN SOCIETY: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS. Thesis! CONTENT ? Society: Its definition and its types ? Comparative Analysis: ? The differences between the essays+, urban and the rural society on the basis of: a) Living conditions. b) Educational facilities. c) Nature of employment opportunities/ d) Occupations in the rural and the urban society. e) Availability of communication facilities in the rural and the urban society. f) Choices of. City , Population , Rural 4177 Words | 18 Pages. rural development policies vs urban development policies. this essay is to show that a developing nation can only watsons go to question, achieve new levels of growth by essays+, implementing both rural and . urban development strategies simultaneously, as they converge towards the thesis voorbeeld, advancement of the entire country where all citizens of the country benefit from government policy. This essay encompasses three different cases. In Case 1, we outline the various rural development strategies and assess the impact of any developing nation favouring rural development policies over essays+ urban biased. City , Developing country , Economic development 2022 Words | 6 Pages. Urban bias as a major impediment to rural development.
? Urban bias has been presented as a major impediment to rural development because it perpetrates discriminatory policies which . create and perpetuate disparities between urban and rural areas and consequently the magazine, development of essays+, urban areas at magazine the expense of essays+, rural areas. This paper examines how urban bias, to a large extent, is the major impediment to rural development owing to its skewed policies and to down development approaches. Urban bias proponents, chief among them Lipton (1977), argue that. City , Cycle of poverty , Economic development 1601 Words | 5 Pages. DEFINITION OF RURAL SOCIOLOGY According to essays+, A.R. Desai, “The prime objective of essays+, Rural Sociology should be to essays+, make a systematic, . scientific and comprehensive study of the rural social organisation, of essays+, its structure function and uci application, objective tendencies of development and on the basis of essays+, such a study to discover the laws of is uci application, development. Since every science social or natural, has for its aim the discovery of the hither to hidden laws of essays+, development of a domain of nature or society, the basic task of Rural Sociology. American Sociological Association , Rural , Rural community development 1246 Words | 4 Pages. Compare and Contrast Rural and Urban Areas. Rural Areas vs. Urban Areas People throughout the world lead different lives and lifestyles.
They adapt to different places and . styles of birmingham, living. The two areas of living people choose to essays+, live are rural areas and urban areas. Dbq Essay! Many people prefer rural areas because they have their privacy. Also, rural areas are usually very quiet and laid back as well as being away from everything. On the other hand, urban areas are the complete opposite. Urban areas are not usually private because there are other.
City 462 Words | 2 Pages. What are rural values. cities and metropolises were rare up until five hundred years ago. Neighbors are also a big part of country . life . One might feel comfortable that he knows and is well known by his neighbors maybe as a sense of protection. Honesty is also another stereotypical trait portrayed by rural people, possibly due to fewer obstacles and variables city people have to essays+, deal with. Voorbeeld! Rural people might appear to be friendlier than city people, most likely because of less contact with people.
Chicago , City , Metropolitan area 550 Words | 2 Pages. Les Murray Critical Advanced Essay. every text is dateless. The idea that every text has its use by date is incorrect, and in this essay , we will argue against this idea. Essays+! If a . text is essays+, written from a long period of time ago it does not mean that it still won’t be interesting today, as the events and themes used in essays+, the text can still be relevant to today’s time. And these texts are what we can call universal. A universal text allows us to compare , contrast and also reflect on the themes and context of the past to the current time. Dbq Essay Outlines! Hence.
City , Emotion , Poetry 1759 Words | 5 Pages. there are a lot of people out essays+, there living in urban areas who are unhappy with their environs – and outlines, there are also a lot of people in . rural areas who yearn for something different (I live very close to at least a few of these folks – they lived in a small town because they thought it would benefit their children, but they’re not happy with the tradeoffs). Essays+! Having said that, I tried to build a list of the essays+, most positive aspects of essays+, both urban and rural life , based on the aspects of each that I find most. City , Des Moines, Iowa , Ecology 574 Words | 2 Pages. Even after 56 years of Independence, right from the Nehru era to the Vajpayee era, the watsons birmingham, rural India of today still short of basic amenities, . like drinking water, electricity, roads, housing, food and clothing. Once Gandhiji told the renowned author Mr.
Mulk Raj Anand that we can't build India unless we build villages. Gandhiji wanted to make the essays+, villages independent republics, independent in governance and for routine requirements, governed by magazine writing, the people of the villages and essays+, self sufficient for. City , Population , Rainwater harvesting 1417 Words | 5 Pages. There has always been a sharp distinction between urban and rural living, with each having its particular advantages and . Essays+! disadvantages. From a personal perspective, I am more inclined to live in a small town rather than a big city.
To me, it boils down to more peace and quiet; a better environment to live in; and essays+, family safety. To begin with, small towns are usually quiet and relatively calm. The pace of life is relaxed and the low number of cars and people makes for a peaceful setting without. American films , City , Ecology 504 Words | 2 Pages. Compare/ Contrast Rural and Urban Living. Would you rather a life where everything in right at your doorstep in exchange for a calm peaceful life ? Or maybe live within a . united community in exchange for a closer job, and dbq essay, everything seemingly easier. Well this is the reality we live in. Everything has its advantages and essays+, its disadvantages, we can’t have it all. Whether choosing the uci application, country or town life depends on the utilities, community, environment and facilities provided. Utilities provided to an area are important when it comes to town. City , Ecology , Population 614 Words | 2 Pages.
? Urban Sociology Towns and cities as we know them today, become what they are because of a serious of events that gradually changed and essays+, shaped . them from what they were to what they are now known for. The earth is home to birmingham, approximately some six billion people, living in the cities and rural areas of around about 200 nations as stated by Macionis Plummer (2012). This was not so in essays+, the past, before all these cities and towns emerged people lived a nomadic life , moving from area to area in such of. Anthropology , City , Social sciences 1068 Words | 3 Pages. Jazz: Urban and Rural Reactions In the 1920s. Jazz: Urban and uci application, Rural Reactions in the 1920sIn parallel with the essays+, uproar of magazine, jazz during the essays+, 1920s came the commotion of essays+, different . critics from various geographical settings. Many of the white people living in rural areas disliked and rejected jazz as a musical genre. However, the urban city-dwellers were more fond of essays+, it; therefore, it was more generally accepted and frequently found in city nightclubs and radio stations.
Several characteristics of cities also allowed jazz to survive in urban areas. African American , African American culture , Black people 2335 Words | 7 Pages. believe that my thesis statement is very effective. Essays+! * 3.Have I included enough details so the reader can visualize my experience? * The details . included in my essay should give the reader a clear view on my experience. Essays+! * 4.Are the events presented in watsons birmingham question, a logical sequence? * The events included in my essay are presented in a logical sequence. * 5.Have I used transitions to help the sequence of events flow smoothly? * I have used transitions to help t sequence of. Armed forces , English-language films , Essay 834 Words | 3 Pages. Main Causes of Pollution in Urban and Rural Areas. 11th January 2013 This report in order to your assignment task regarding to the Main Causes Of “Pollution In . Urban And Rural Areas”.Kindly go through the essays+, report thoroughly and give feedback accordingly. Outlines! T.A “MAIN CAUSES OF POLLUTION IN URBAN AND RURAL AREAS” CAUSES OF LAND POLLUTION: [pic] REASON: . Groundwater , Noise pollution , Pollution 743 Words | 3 Pages.
NAME : FATIN NAZIHAH BINTI ABDULLAH STUDENT I/D : 2014177579 . Compare and essays+, contrast raising children in a small town and writing, raising children in the city. Essays+! Children who grow up in magazine writing, the city are prone to gain adaptability skills at a tender age, develop acute social awareness, and have consistent coverage to culturally diverse populations and experiences. A University of Virginia research found that cities are in essays+, fact much safer places to live than small . Childhood , City , Developmental psychology 1445 Words | 4 Pages. Migration: Rural-Urban Migration of watsons, Newlyweds. Migration – Rural - urban migration of newlyweds Migration is the physical movement by humans from one region to essays+, another over . vast distances across geographic barriers or shorter distances from rural areas to go to question, more urbanized cities in their own country of residence. In recent years the essays+, rate of rural - urban migration in thesis voorbeeld, many less economically developed countries such as China has become alarming as more people waft into the urban centres from the rural areas. In particular many young, newlywed couples.
City , College , Elementary school 1122 Words | 3 Pages. AdvantagesDisadvantages of RuralUrban Life. Rural - Urban Differentials in the Attitude of Global Systems of essays+, GSM Ndagi, Oduwole Sanusi . Rural - Urban Differentials in the Attitude of uci application, Global Systems of Mobile Communication (GSM) Consumers to Merits and Demerits of GSM Technology in essays+, Ogun State, Nigeria I. Ndagi O. O. Oduwole R. Essays+! A. Sanusi Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria AFRICA ABSTRACT The advent of the Global System of Mobile Communication (GSM) in Nigeria has become the order of most day-to-day activities; however, consumers of GSM. Base station , Cellular network , City 2168 Words | 8 Pages. Urban geography Urban geography is a branch of human geography concerned with various aspects of cities. An urban . Essays+! geographer's main role is to emphasize location and space and study the spatial processes that create patterns observed in urban areas. To do this, they study the help hotline, site, evolution and growth, and classification of villages, towns and essays+, cities as well as their location and importance in relation to dbq essay outlines, different regions and cities. Economic, political and social aspects within cities are also. City , Developed environments , Economics 1017 Words | 4 Pages. ?The Urban and Rural Divide 1 Imagine life in Los Angeles.
Now imagine life in a neighbouring . Essays+! rural California town. Finally, picture life in Cairo, Egypt. Which of outlines, these last two places is essays+, more different from essays+ Los Angeles? Many people might mistakenly choose Cairo because it is in a different country. In fact, city dwellers all over the world tend to essays+, have similar lifestyles, so the biggest differences are between Los Angeles and its smaller neighbour. Urban people and magazine writing, rural people, regardless. Apartment , City , Rural 577 Words | 2 Pages. ESSAY - Examine sociological explanations for essays+ the lower rates of recorded crime in rural compared to urban areas. Homework Essay Question – Mrs Young 8th November 2013 ESSAY QUESTION: ‘Examine Sociological explanations for the . lower rates of recorded crime in rural compared to magazine writing, urban areas’… A group of sociologists based in Chicago became known as Chicago School, and they argued that the growth of cities produced distinctive neighbourhoods, each with its own characteristic lifestyle. Shaw and McKay applied this perspective to their study of delinquency. Statistics from their study shows that 9.
Council house , Crime , Crime prevention 1422 Words | 4 Pages. India’s life insurance firms have exceeded expectations in terms of growing their business in rural India, both among the . rural wealthy and the not-so-wealthy, and most firms in the business are actually ahead of targets laid down by the sector’s regulator, Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority, or Irda. The companies claim that apart from helping them grow sales in locations outside the essays+, near-saturated urban markets, this strategy also helps them maintain their profitability at existing. Business , City , Economics 760 Words | 3 Pages. quality of life rather than bringing into account Australia's economic figures (www.wikipedia.org, 18/11/2006). Quality of essay, life . is both objective and subjective. Essays+! Each of these two axes comprises several domains which, together, define the thesis voorbeeld, total construct. Objective domains are measured through culturally relevant indices of objective well-being. Subjective domains are measured through questions of satisfaction. Essays+! (http://acqol.deakin.edu.au/introduction/index.htm, 18/11/2006).
This essay will compare. City , Ecology , Rural 966 Words | 3 Pages. Postcode 3000, ResCode which mainly aimed to uci application, facilitate urban consolidation have been introduced by the Government of Victoria. . Urban consolidation does has some positive effects on essays+ solving recent urban problems. However, it also leads many seriously social, economical, and environmental issues. And this essay is going to essays+, discuss which way should Melbourne be developed in the future on social, economical, and essays+, environmental aspects. As urban consolidation has been the major planning policy in Melbourne. City , Global warming , Precipitation 1339 Words | 4 Pages. Difference in uci application essay, Social Relations Between City Dwellers and Rural Communities.
Why are the social relations between urban and rural areas so different and essays+, what causes these differences to occur? This . question is what I am going to be arguing. I will be doing this not only through my opinions and ideas, but also through the works of Georg Simmel, Louis Wirth and Ernest Burgess. All three of these urban scholars add a slightly different view of urbanism as a way of life . Georg Simmel's interpretation of interpersonal social relations in the city is go to, one based on the stimulus. City , Population , Rural 1958 Words | 5 Pages. Effects of Urban Sprawl on Wildlife Imagine yourself driving down the street in the middle of your suburban neighborhood and all of a sudden . a deer jumps out in front of your vehicle causing you to slam on the brakes. You sit in your car wondering why there was an animal in the middle of essays+, you neighborhood. You should ask yourself: Is urban sprawl effecting our wildlife? Urban sprawl is definitely effecting our wildlife, but many species are learning to adapt to living so close to humans. As.
City , Endangered species , Hunting 1542 Words | 5 Pages. Did you know that teens that live in an Urban area get a better education academically than teens that live in Rural areas? This . is due to the fact that the kids living in a larger city tend to thesis, get better grades simply because they apply their brain power more than people that live in a rural area. Essays+! It was found strange, but rather interestingly enough proven a fact. Go To Essay! When you live in a larger city there tends to be a lot more than just the normal things that you put use to in thought. Essays+! You really do. City , Developed environments , Population 597 Words | 2 Pages. FACULTY OF CONSERVATION, THE ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT OF RURAL AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT COURSE : SOCIAL . Essays+! ECONOMICS OF RURAL LIVELIHOOD CODE : ERL213 LECTURE : FRANCIS UNGAPEMBE STUDENT : GIFT KAPOTA YEAR : 2 ASSIGNMENT : Seven QUESTION : Discuss the essays+, role of government in hotline florida, promoting socio-economics of rural livelihood DUE DATE : 7 September 2013 DATE SUBMITTED: 2 September. Economic development , Economics , Land reform 1383 Words | 4 Pages.
from a past dangerous experience and try to protect others from the same fate as the ones they had lost previously to these dangers. In the end both main . Essays+! characters gave up their own lives for another and showed leadership. Nance and Mrs. Wang had life experiences and remained aware of the dangers of Mother Nature. Mrs. Homework! Wang would climb the dike steps everyday after supper to see how high the river had risen. Essays+! She knew how dangerous it was if the homework, dike broke. It would drown her family and the whole. Antagonist , Climbing , Old age 854 Words | 3 Pages. | | | | | | | | | | | | | How might ‘creativity’, rather than flagship developments, help to regenerate local communities?| | | | . | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Essay Introduction Presently ‘creativity’ seems to be a cure-all for a variety of problems.
Lot of research has been done on the topic of essays+, creativity and its role in different field such as creative cities (Landry, 2000), creative clusters (Mommaas, 2009), creative industries (O’Connor. City , Creative class , Creativity 1861 Words | 6 Pages. Writing and homework hotline florida, Compare-and-contrast Essays. ? Compare and Contrast This type of writing assignment is common. On a standardized test, you may be asked to analyze literature, evaluate . ideas, or make a judgment and explain your reasons. In responding to these types of prompts, you often will compare and contrast characters, concepts, or choices. You will be asked to identify similarities and differences, which are the key to compare -and-contrast essays . There are ways to organize your thoughts about compare -and-contrast topics, which will.
Comparison , Comparisons , Essay 1384 Words | 4 Pages. ? Compare and Contrast: “Fish Cheeks” and “Caged Bird” Rachael Becker Assignment 5 . Nicole Yurchak 1/30/2014 The differences between a narrative and a descriptive essay determine the essays+, way in which the reader receives the story. The purpose of each is still very clear, to dbq essay, connect to essays+, the reader using story telling. In order for the reader to receive the story as intended, the author must create a clear picture of;. Amy Tan , Bird , Finite difference 866 Words | 3 Pages. Compare Contrast: The Rocking-Horse Winner/The Lottery ENGL 102_B40: Literature and Composition Spring 2011 . Michaela Gates L23562144 APA Gambling, whether for life or money, is risky and success is not guaranteed, even if you ‘win’. Two different tales both involving risk. Uci Application! 1. Gambling for something valuable - One for essays+ life and the other for question money 2. Characters’ Personalities - Paul was hopeful and cared deeply for his. Gambling , Horse , Horse racing 781 Words | 3 Pages.
Cause and Effect of People Migrating from Rural Areas to Urban Areas. trend of people migrating from rural dwellings to urban area in search of an earning, better education or may be due to . Essays+! environmental degradation in help florida, rural areas. Even, political conflicts, wars, and income disparities among and essays+, within regions may also be a motivating factor which results in migration whether international or national. Voorbeeld! Whatever may be the reasons, migration is a very common phenomenon nowadays in most of the cities. Recent studies reveal that the urban population is increasing day.
City , Health care , Human migration 957 Words | 3 Pages. ??Greening urban areas is essays+, not just about making places look nice. Evaluate the contribution of green areas in cities to meeting the goals of . sustainable development (40 marks) Sustainable development is most frequency defined as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to go to essay, meet their own needs. Thus, sustainable development means finding a balance between the essays+, fulfillment of thesis voorbeeld, human needs with the protection of the essays+, natural environment. Sustainable. Biodiversity , City , Ecological economics 1521 Words | 4 Pages. Topic: Food In The Cafeteria Should Be Healthy Type of essay : Persuasion Introduction: Introduction Sentence: Parents spend a . Uci Application Essay! lot of time keeping their children healthy but at a young age, they start school and essays+, many schools n lot of time keeping their children healthy but at dbq essay outlines a young age, they start school and many schools now a days have cafeterias. Cafeteria , Greek loanwords , Rhetoric 861 Words | 5 Pages.
Urban Civilization Essay For History. ?Bowie, Tomeka C. History-114 9-15-2014 Dr. R. Essays+! J. Thesis! Simms From the Flintstones’’ Caves to Towns and then to Sumeria, Babylon and Egypt: Early . Urban Civilizations or Not? “We are not the first to essays+, suffer, rebel, fight, love and die. The grace with which we embrace life , in magazine writing, spite of the essays+, pain, the sorrows, is always a measure of what has gone before…” Although preceding is florida, a quote from Alice Walker’s “Revolutionary Petunias,” and essays+, found in A Shining of Hope: The History of Black Women in homework florida, America by. Ancient Egypt , Ancient Near East , Civilization 810 Words | 3 Pages.