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How to Write Dazzlingly Brilliant Essays: Sharp Advice for gre essay, Ambitious Students. Rachel McCombie, a graduate of St John’s College, Oxford, shares actionable tips on taking your essays from “Good” to “Outstanding.” Detail of The Hunt in the Forest by Paolo Uccello. For ambitious students, essays are a chance to to write an essay showcase academic flair, demonstrate original thinking and impress with advanced written English skills. The best students relish the gre essay challenge of writing essays because they’re a chance to exercise academic research skills and construct interesting arguments.
Essays allow you to demonstrate your knowledge, understanding and intelligence in a creative and relatively unrestricted way – provided you keep within the word count! But when lots of other people are answering the same essay question as you, how do you make yours stand out from the crowd? In this article, we’re going to show you the eigene meinung essay secret of gre essay writing a truly brilliant essay. Essays test a wide variety of skills, including your ability to absorb and analyse information. Before we get into the nitty gritty of how to write an outstanding essay, we need to go right back to basics and think about what essays are actually designed to test.
Only by thesis understanding the purpose of an essay can you really begin to understand what it is gre essay, that tutors are looking for when they read your work. No matter what the academic level of the student is, essays are designed to test many things: – Knowledge – fundamentally, essays test and help consolidate what you’ve read and essays+, learned, making them an important part of the gre essay learning process, particularly for humanities subjects. – Comprehension – they test your ability to make sense of and clearly explain complex concepts and issues. – They test your ability to olfati saber thesis understand the question and produce a considered response to it. – They evaluate your ability to absorb and condense information from a variety of sources , which will probably mean covering a lot of material in a short space of time; this necessitates appraisal of gre essay which bits of material are relevant and which are not.
– They test your ability to write a balanced and coherent argument that considers a number of points of view. – They even put your time management to the test – essays are a part of go to birmingham question your workload that must be planned, prioritised and delivered to gre essay a high standard, to reza olfati saber thesis deadline. Characteristics of the perfect essay. Now that we know why we’re asked to write essays, what are the characteristics that define the gre essay essays that impress? The tutors marking your essays may have their own preferences and things they look for in outstanding essays, but let’s take a look at eigene essay a few of the irrefutable traits of the best. A good essay can be derivative; a brilliant essay needs to be original. The hallmark of the truly brilliant essay is original thinking. That doesn’t have to mean coming up with an entirely new theory; most of, if not all, the topics you’ll be studying at GCSE, A-level or even undergraduate level have been thought about in gre essay, so much depth and by sample on how an essay so many people that virtually every possible angle will have been thought of already. But what it does mean is that the essay stands out from those of other students in that it goes beyond the gre essay obvious and takes an original approach – perhaps approaching the suns topic from a different angle, coming up with a different hypothesis from gre essay, what you’ve been discussing in class, or introducing new evidence and intelligent insights from reza saber thesis, material not included on the reading list.
Solid, in-depth knowledge and understanding. It goes without saying that the brilliant essay should demonstrate a strong knowledge of the facts, and not just knowledge but sound comprehension of the concepts or issues being discussed and why they matter. The perfect essay demonstrates an ability to deploy relevant facts and use them to form the basis of an argument or hypothesis. It covers a wide range of material and considers every point of view, confidently making use of and quoting from a variety of sources. Clear structure with intelligent debate.
The perfect essay provides a coherent discussion of both sides of the story, developing a balanced argument throughout, and with a conclusion that weighs up the evidence you’ve covered and perhaps provides your own intelligent opinion on how the topic should be interpreted based on gre essay, the evidence covered. Everything written in eigene meinung essay, the perfect essay serves a purpose – to inform and persuade. Gre Essay? There’s no rambling or going off at tangents – it sticks to the point and doesn’t waste the reader’s time. This goes back to our earlier point about sorting the olfati relevant facts from the irrelevant material; including material that isn’t relevant shows that you’ve not quite grasped the real heart of the matter. The words in the perfect essay flow effortlessly, and the reader feels in safe hands. Sentences need never be read more than once to gre essay be understood, and each follows logically on from the next, with no random jumping about from topic to topic from one paragraph to the next. Spelling and grammar are flawless, with no careless typos. So how do you go about writing this mythical Perfect Essay?
Read on watsons go to question, to find out! The Long Room library, Trinity College, Dublin. Committed students always read beyond what the reading list tells them to read. Guaranteed to impress, wide reading gives you deeper knowledge than your peers and gives you the gre essay extra knowledge and olfati, insights you need to make your essay stand out. If you’re studying English, for example, don’t just read the set text! Here are some ideas to widen your reading and gre essay, give you a good range of impressive quotes to include in your essay: – Other works by the same author – how do they compare with your set text? – Works by sample contemporary authors – does your set text fit into a wider movement, or is it very different from what was being written at the time? – Works by the author’s predecessors – what works inspired the author of your set text? How do you see them shining through in the text you’re studying, and gre essay, how have they been developed? – Literary criticism – gauge the range of opinions about your set text by reading what the literary critics have to olfati thesis say. Whose opinion do you most agree with, and gre essay, why?
– Background history – so that you can appreciate and refer to the context in which the author was writing (we’ll come back to this last point a little later). It sounds like a lot of extra work, but you don’t necessarily have to read everything in full. It’s fine to dip into these other resources providing you don’t inadvertently take points out of context. Know what you want to say before you start writing. You’re probably sick of hearing this particular piece of advice, but it’s important to start out essay with a clear idea in your mind of what you want to say in your essay and how you will structure your arguments. The easiest way to gre essay do this is to olfati saber thesis write an gre essay, essay plan.
This needn’t be a big deal, or time-consuming; all you need to meinung essay do is to open a new document on your computer, type out the ideas you want to cover and drag and drop them into a logical order. Gre Essay? From there, you simply start typing your essay directly into the plan itself. Your essay should include an introduction, a series of paragraphs that develop an reza thesis, argument rather than just jumping from topic to topic, and a conclusion that weighs up the gre essay evidence. Answer the question you’ve been set, not the question you want to answer. A common problem with students’ responses to essays is that rather than answering the question they’ve been set, they try to mould the question to what they’d prefer to write about, because that’s what they feel most comfortable with. Be very careful not to meinung essay do this! You could end up writing a brilliant essay, but if didn’t actually answer the question then it’s not going to be well received by the person marking it. Good essays give both sides of an argument, presenting information impartially and considering multiple points of view.
One-sided arguments won’t impress, as you need to show that you’ve thought about the gre essay evidence comprehensively. …but your opinion and interpretation matter too. Show that you’ve made your own mind up based on thesis, your weighing up of the evidence. This shows that you’re not just hiding behind what other people say about the topic, but that you’ve had the independence of mind to gre essay form your own intelligent opinion about citations it. Use quotations from academic works and sources to back up points you want to make. Doing so strengthens your argument by providing evidence for your statements, as well as demonstrating that you’ve read widely around your subject. Gre Essay? However, don’t go too far and write an essay that’s essentially just a list of what other people say about the subject. Quoting too much suggests that you don’t have the confidence or knowledge to explain things in your own words, so have to suns questions hide behind those of other people.
Make your own mind up about what you’re writing about gre essay – as already mentioned, it’s fine to state your own opinion if you’ve considered the arguments and presented the evidence. Understanding the a thousand splendid religious and political context of the times in gre essay, which Blake wrote is splendid suns, essential to gre essay understanding his writing and art. As we’ve already touched on, if you can demonstrate knowledge of the reza olfati thesis context of the subject you’re writing about, this will show that you’ve considered possible historical influences that may have shaped a work or issue. Gre Essay? This shows that you haven’t simply taken the essay question at face value and sample to write, demonstrates your ability to think beyond the obvious. An ability to look at the wider picture marks you out as an exceptional student, as many people can’t see the gre essay wood for the trees and have a very narrow focus when it comes to writing essays. If you’re an eigene essay, English student, for gre essay, instance, an author’s work should be considered not in isolation but in suns questions, the context of the historical events and thinking that helped define the period in which the author was writing. You can’t write about Blake’s poetry without some knowledge and gre essay, discussion of essays+ background events such as the Industrial Revolution, and the development of the Romantic movement as a whole. You know what they say – a picture speaks a thousand words. What matters in an essay is gre essay, effective and persuasive communication, and if a picture or diagram will help support a point you’re making, include it. As well as helping to communicate, visuals also make your essay more enjoyable to read for the person marking it – and if they enjoy reading it, the meinung essay chances are you’ll get better marks!
Don’t forget to gre essay ensure that you include credits for any images and diagrams you include. Use full academic citations and go to birmingham question, a bibliography. Show you mean business by gre essay including a full set of academic citations, with a bibliography at the end, even if you haven’t been told to. The great thing about this is that it not only essays+ makes you look organised and scholarly, but it also gives you the opportunity to gre essay show off just how many extra texts you’ve studied to produce your masterpiece of an thesis, essay! Make use of the footnote feature in your word processor and gre essay, include citations at the bottom of each page, with a main bibliography at the end of the essay essay. There are different accepted forms for citing an gre essay, academic reference, but the free on how an essay main thing to remember is to gre essay pick one format and be consistent. Typically the citation will include the title and author of the essays+ work, the date of gre essay publication and the page number(s) of the point or quotation you’re referring to.
Here’s an example: 1. Curta, F. (2007) – “Some remarks on ethnicity in medieval archaeology” in essays+, Early Medieval Europe 15 (2), pp. 159-185. This much editing is gre essay, a good thing; it should mean you’ve proofread thoroughly and picked up on any mistakes. Before you ask, no, a spell check isn’t good enough! How many times have you typed “form” instead of “from”? That’s just one of eigene a huge number of errors that spell check would simply miss. Your English should be impeccable if you want to be taken seriously, and gre essay, that means clear and intelligent sentence structures, no misplaced apostrophes, no typos and no grammar crimes. Include your name at free on how to write the top of gre essay each page of your essay, and eigene, number the pages. Also, make sure you use a font that’s easy to gre essay read, such as Times New Roman or Arial. Free On How To Write An Essay? The person marking your essay won’t appreciate having to struggle through reading a fancy Gothic font, even if it does happen to match the Gothic literature you’re studying!
You don’t need us to gre essay tell you that, but for the sake of being comprehensive, we’re including it anyway. You could write the best essay ever, but if you deliver it late, it won’t be looked upon favourably! Don’t leave writing your essay until the last minute – start writing with plenty of time to spare, and ideally leave time to sleep on essays+, it before you submit it. Allowing time for it to gre essay sink in may result in you having a sudden brilliant revelation that you want to include. So there we have it – everything you need to know in order to write an essay to impress. If you have any further great tips to add, feel free to share them in the comments below! 45 Responses to “How to Write Dazzlingly Brilliant Essays: Sharp Advice for a thousand essay, Ambitious Students” March 13, 2014 at 6:06 am, Hrithik Kumar said:
Nice tips. Thanks. September 29, 2016 at 2:55 pm, Martin said: Thank you so much! I’m now a bit more confident on creating essays. February 03, 2015 at 9:23 pm, Bailey said: THANK YOU SO MUCH. February 17, 2015 at 7:45 pm, Tiago Rodrigues said:
I would like to gre essay receive the free guide for essay. February 18, 2015 at 11:50 am, ORA Admin said: You can read many more articles on essay writing and study skills here. March 22, 2015 at 8:45 pm, Ethan Mellor said: Thank you for the excellent material Rachel! Especially liked the advice about the image in the text, to citations save time.
April 09, 2015 at gre essay 6:25 pm, ayesha anwar said: May 03, 2015 at 6:02 pm, Nasrat Nizamuddin said: This website helped me a lot And I want say Thank you, I will always remember this. July 06, 2015 at 2:52 am, Robel said: Those are Great Tips ! One thing i learned about sample to write an essay writing essays is that “the more you practice and get good feedback, the more you will improve ! Writing is gre essay, a skill that needs to be developed overtime. Thanks for essays+, sharing #128578; August 24, 2015 at gre essay 9:42 pm, Ca'reen Govindasamy said: Where would I be able to find examples of a dazzlingly brilliant essay?
September 05, 2015 at saber 7:08 pm, Elle said: Under “Original thinking”: “But what it does mean is gre essay, that the essay stands out reza thesis from the gre essay those of other students…” There’s a misplaced “the” before “those”. Essays+? I’m not a member of the grammar police, just letting you know. September 07, 2015 at gre essay 9:16 am, ORA Admin said:
Thank you for letting us know – we’ve fixed this now. February 27, 2017 at 11:43 pm, Omega said: Even the meinung best schools make mistakes. It’s true what they say… Elle, you’ve become my new favorite person. September 30, 2015 at gre essay 1:24 pm, Charles said: Brilliant work!That was a well written guide.Thanks,you helped me in a great way.
November 08, 2015 at free to write an essay 5:27 am, Arvie said: There are some points that I was doing all along by myself! Great list anyway. I am more fond in winning essay writings against 4th year students now!(IM CURRENTLY IN GRADE 8) thanks. December 01, 2015 at 4:01 pm, Bright Joe said: Thanks for the great tips. Gre Essay? I think, my tomorrow’s exam on eigene meinung, essays will be much more better than previous ones. [I’m too currently in gre essay, grade 8] December 04, 2015 at 3:11 pm, K Kris said: Great advice for those looking to write splendid essays. I actually have one tomorrow and these tips look nice to work with.
December 14, 2015 at 8:06 pm, Aayushee said: This article is really helpful. December 15, 2015 at reza thesis 11:32 pm, Oussama said: Thank you so much for these tips. they really helped. January 03, 2016 at 5:02 pm, D.Wilson said: Thanks. I required it for my nephew’s assignment.
Very helpful. January 11, 2016 at 1:39 pm, kp said: Just the gre essay tips I needed to bring out the edge in eigene meinung, my essay. Thank You. January 19, 2016 at 7:43 pm, Tony Jacksonn said: Great article. I just learned all that I needed about about essay writing. February 08, 2016 at 3:22 pm, Evie said:
Awesome! This is a lot of help, since I have an essay contest coming up. Thanks so much! February 12, 2016 at 11:41 am, Yash.rajgarhia said: Very informative but need a few essays to read, so as to gre essay know how to eigene essay apply the pointers provided by you. February 12, 2016 at 12:31 pm, ORA Admin said: Have you had a chance to read our more specific article on gre essay, essay technique? You might find it useful when developing your writing skills.
Hope this helps, February 15, 2016 at 10:51 am, zara said: hello, thankyou for such a great guidelines..but can you provide any essay as an example to better understand the guidelines? as it is really very difficult for people who doesn’t know english well..thank you .. March 05, 2016 at 2:35 am, Maher said: Thank you so much. Why not apply these ideas to to write a real essay? I mean why not choose a statement and gre essay, apply these ideas in order to produce a great essay. March 08, 2016 at 11:04 pm, Cassandra said: These “Tips” on writing a “Perfect Essay” are very useful in my essay’s for my high school classes. Thank you for meinung, your time to write this useful information on writing a “Perfect Essay.” These “Tips” are also useful for gre essay, applying for Summer Programs and watsons essay question, Boarding School far away from home. Thank you.
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October 01, 2016 at 11:29 pm, Zad said: Well this is extremly beneficial for having better results.thanks this time I will do my best to apply your guidence tips and get rid of my disapponting weak style. October 27, 2016 at 11:17 am, sarah said: great advice.a habit of reading story books or other books can also improve comprehension as well as essay writing as it improved mine. October 27, 2016 at 11:19 am, sarah said: great advice.a habit of reading books will also improve essay writing as it improved mine : ] December 08, 2016 at 1:08 pm, akshay said: thank you soo much for improving my skills. January 17, 2017 at 12:17 am, Niranjan said: Thank you so much for such creative ideas. It is helping me a lot. February 15, 2017 at 11:30 am, Riya said:
Thanks!! This article helped me a lot. May 04, 2017 at 1:10 pm, Vishnu said: The best tips for citations, writing the essay. Thank you for gre essay, your article. May 17, 2017 at 10:52 am, lateef said: how to increase my easy writing. August 01, 2017 at 2:01 am, vivian said: i am vivian that i am really like here. could you please be kindly assist of me. August 03, 2017 at reza 6:20 pm, Muhammid Ali said: THIS IS FULL OF SHIT. August 03, 2017 at 6:21 pm, Pam Smith said: please step away from the internet and gre essay, dont write rude comments like that. Watsons Go To Birmingham? some people actually have a job other than trolling on the world wide web.
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Cloud Computing Industry Analysis. Cloud computing refers to the provision of computing resources like computing power, applications, computing infrastructure and business processes in manner that is scalable as per requirement and can be shared in order to gain economies of scale. These provisions are delivered as a service over the internet (or any other electronic network) and the service can be accessed by the end users via a computing device. The data and application related information relevant to the end users business/personal needs is stored on remote servers. The term ‘cloud’ is used for the abstraction of the gre essay, complex network infrastructure that is used for providing the service.  Figure 1. Logical Diagram for Cloud Computing:  Office building analogy for cloud A more effective way to explain the concept of cloud computing is to compare it with an office building. An office building can accommodate multiple companies belonging to free sample an essay, different types of industries. Although some companies can go for privately managed maintenance/servicing of their own office, it will be extremely economical and cost effective for gre essay all companies to olfati saber, go for shared services that are used by all. These will mostly comprise of some essential and fundamental utility services. Likewise, Cloud computing enables sharing of the computing resources, management of which by a single company could be taxing and uneconomical. The flexibility, immediate availability and gre essay cost effectiveness of the maintenance, hardware and platform development offered by cloud computing can be compared with the electricity coming out of every wall of an office building, the underlying technical aspects being abstracted from the user.
Figure 2: Cloud computing compared to a thousand splendid suns essay, shared office space Players in the Cloud computing world:  Vendors: Provide applications and enabling technology, infrastructure, hardware, and gre essay integration. Question! Partners: Collaborate with the vendors and provide support services to gre essay, customers. Business Leaders: Either use or evaluate various types of cloud computing offerings. Types of Cloud computing services: Private Cloud: The cloud is owned by question a particular customer with the required infrastructure and technology residing either on-site or off-site. This type of service is costly but provides better security.
Public Cloud: The cloud is owned by a large organization or company specializing in cloud computing services. The cloud can be rented for use to anyone willing to pay for it. It is the cheapest type of cloud computing service but because of its public nature it is deemed to be less secure. Hybrid Cloud: It consists of multiple private and public clouds. Gre Essay! 2. WHAT ARE THE NECESSITIES OF CLOUD COMPUTING? 1. Information Technology penetrated in day to meinung essay, day life very fast With the starting of Internet era, most of the gre essay, people and majority companies in the world became dependent on the services you could get to with a click of the mouse. The best example may be the reza thesis, free email (Gmail/Yahoo mail), the chat technology (Yahoo Messenger), Social Networking websites (YouTube, Facebook, Twitter). One can’t imagine life without them. That’s where the gre essay, cloud was born. You need cloud data centers to run that stuff.
2. Cheaper source of Technology One may look for quality or ease of access but in the end the main thing that’s at the top of everybody’s mind is the economy. Cloud data centers are fundamentally different because they are built for essays+ very large user numbers and for a particular focus. Traditional data centers cannot compete on cost. In fact it’s no competition on the cost front. 3. Gre Essay! Go Green In the scenario where environment is one of the biggest concerns, cloud computing seems as a perfect option as there is no paper etc required. The data is saved over internet as digital signals. Nowadays digitization of everything is becoming a trend among all top multinational companies. 4. The never ending and always expanding data The data is ever increasing and to write an essay it probably always will.
It seems to grow at gre essay about 60% a year and it doesn’t pause for olfati saber breath. It won’t stop, even if you cry at it. But like old email, you never access most of the gre essay, data and at the same time you also don’t want to delete it. A Thousand Splendid Questions! So saving it all in the cloud makes sense clearly. Gre Essay! 5. Unlimited Access This is almost impossible to stop users accessing anything they want on the Internet.
One may be able to blacklist some web sites (adult sites etc) but one can’t want to prevent users from finding useful capabilities on the Internet. And those are cloud apps by any definition. There’s a wealth of reza saber, it and gre essay it’s a boon to us. 6. No need for continuous software development Cloud computing is the best way of reza saber thesis, software development. There was always two types of software development; the mission critical stuff that gives us business traction, and the rest. We need not to gre essay, worry for it. It’s the essays+, competition that drives the software development and thus making it cost effective. 7. Emergence of cloud computing as an gre essay, ecosystem The cloud computing has created an environment and hence various companies and a thousand splendid essay developers create applications that support this environment, just like Google which is no more a website but an ecosystem.  3. What are the gre essay, needs of essays+, PaaS, IaaS, SaaS (Cloud Families)? PaaS: What is it?  The way of renting hardware, operating systems, storage and network capacity over the Internet is called PaaS(Platform as a Service). It allows the customer to rent virtualized servers and associated services for running existing applications or developing and testing new ones.
Features: 1. All the services needed in the process of making an application like developing, testing, deploying, hosting and maintaining applications is integrated into the same platform. 2. It is very user friendly as different user interfaces can be easily created using various web tools available in PaaS. . Various users can simultaneously use the gre essay, same application process because of it’s “tenant architecture” feature. 4. It is watsons birmingham used for billing and gre essay subscription management. 5. Integration can be done via common standards with web services and databases. 6. It has built in watsons go to birmingham, feature to handle load balancing and gre essay failover. Revenue: Figure 3 Players: Amazon, IBM, Microsoft, Rightscale, Wipro, Adobe, Oracle, Vmware, TCS, Sales Force, Google, VirtuStream, NetMagic. Which industry can use it and why?  Telecommunications industry can use PaaS. With the advent of 3G and popularity of Mobile VAS, PaaS products like Flypp that enable telcos with faster go-to market applications and reduce risk and operational overheads are predicted to see increased adoption. SaaS: What it is?  The model in citations thesis, which applications are hosted by gre essay a vendor or service provider and made available to customers over a network, typically the Internet is known as SaaS (Software as a Service) Features 1. 2. Essays+! 3. 4. Gre Essay! It is used in commercial applications for accessing web It has a central hub for software management It uses the star network model for oftware delivery It has a feature called “application programming interface” which is used to link different softwares 5. Time to time upgradation of software and recovery of system patches is not required to be monitored by the SaaS users.
Revenue Figure 4 Players: IBM, Microsoft, Synage, Wipro, Oracle, Vmware, TCS, Salesforce, Google, VirtuStream, NetMagic. Which industry can use it and why?  Healthcare industry can use SaaS. With medical tourism flourishing, India is slowly becoming a haven for healthcare services. Healthcare industry is also advancing its IT platforms to touch the global standards. This industry’s key worry of system consolidation can be addressed by SaaS solutions.
Iaas: What it is?  A model in which an organization outsources the olfati, equipment used to support operations, including storage, hardware, servers and networking components is called IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service). The service provider owns the equipment and is responsible for housing, running and maintaining it. The client has no obligations and he only gre essay pays on a per-use basis. Features: 1. Dynamic scaling can be done 2. It allows access to multiple users on single hardware 3. It is based on the model of utility pricing and hence has a variable cost 4. Resources are distributed as a service. Revenue Figure 5 Players: Amazon, Go Grid, Wolf Frameowrks, Microsoft, Rightscale, Wipro, Oracle, Vmware, TCS, Google, IBM, Net Magic, Reliance Data Centre. Which industry can use it and why?  Government and public sector can use IaaS. With current e-governance initiatives driving on a PPP model, immense investments are being made on the IT infrastructure front. For projects like Aadhaar, the UIDAI is contemplating on the adoption of a cost-effective cloud based model that can provide effective and scalable processing of large databases. 4. Pricing Models Elastic pricing or Pay-as-you-Use model Elastic pricing model is a model that incurs less wastage and lower costs as under this system customers are charged based as per their usage and consumption of a service. As the users are keenly aware of the cost of doing business and consuming a resource (since it’s coming from their pockets) therefore the awareness of cost and selective usage is quite prominent.
When to use it? 1. Free An Essay! When there is gre essay Unpredictability of resources . 2. When there is limitation of budget. Reza Saber Thesis! Fixed or Subscription based pricing The simplest pricing option where the customer organization is billed on a fixed monthly basis is gre essay known as fixed pricing. The consumer is billed the same amount every month without consideration for eigene meinung actual usage. When to gre essay, use it?
1. When requirements are well defined. Eigene Meinung! 2. Gre Essay! When more control over the budget is watsons go to birmingham essay question required. Gre Essay! 3. When it is required to use the cloud for a longer periods. Spot pricing for cloud It is a new concept in cloud computing, where market forces will decide the birmingham essay question, pot pricing model i. e. Gre Essay! , when the eigene essay, demand of computing and storage resources is higher than the price of services will be higher and vice-versa. Cloud chargeback Customers are charged on the basis of usage. Benefits of this model are: 1. 2. 3. 4. Resource utilization can become more visible. Forecasting, budgeting and gre essay capacity planning can be facilitated. It encourages the use of new emerging technologies. It facilitates justification and allocation of cost to their stakeholders and business units. Go To Essay Question! Adoption of cloud computing models in India Findings on the basis of survey done by gre essay E#038;Y recently: 1. 2. 3. 4.
Annual contract based modelling is mostly opted by large enterprises. Sample On How An Essay! Resource based usage model is adopted by SMB segment in majority. Potential customers are not satisfied with single pricing model. Pricing structures offered by vendors should be easy to understand, transparent and cost efficient. Gre Essay! Figure 6  5. PESTLE Analysis Figure 7 Political Regulations Even with Internet’s rise to the Horizon, it took many years for policy makers to set up common norms and procedures regarding the internet’s usage. With the current popularity of cloud computing policy makers are more proactive in addressing technological changes. Regulations are still at a very nascent stage for Cloud computing: There are various government policies involved in that need to questions, be incorporated by vendors to successfully implement cloud. Gre Essay! There are various issues like security, privacy, location and free an essay ownership of data, that hinder the growth of gre essay, cloud computing. Some vendors like Amazon Web Services have addressed certain issues by deploying local infrastructure in main markets (US and go to essay EU).  Government projects Cloud computing has the potential to provide good level government service deliveries to the people despite the government agencies suffering from resource constraints. US government has an estimate to spend almost USD 20 billion on cloud computing related products.
Figure 8 The federal government has a complete cloud related strategy that can be described below. ? Develop a decision framework that can be used to migrate services to gre essay, cloud ? Find the services that can be migrated to Cloud and their time frames ? Calculate the resources required to move the services to cloud. Figure 9 Economic Various multinational companies have reduced their IT spending in lieu of the essays+, economic slowdown that has hit the gre essay, economy hard. JP Morgan recently cut their IT spending. 14] Cloud computing helps cut costs in following ways ? By lowering opportunity cost of running technology. When it comes to watsons go to question, technology only 20% of the time and effort goes into running technology which is gre essay where all the value lies. By using Cloud computing the 80-20 can be reversed as time required to manage the OS and hardware gets considerably reduced. ? Capital expenditure shifts to operating expenditure. Figure 10 ? Renewed focus on core activities With the movement from thesis traditional operation to cloud, A company gets a lot of time focus on its core activities. Recently, Netflix moved on to the Amazon Cloud service (AWS EC2). Social Figure 11 Internet has been the most disruptive social phenomenon of the past couple of decades and has found its use in both professional and gre essay personal activities.
The number of internet users is essays+ close to 2. 23 billion and growing. Figure 12 Internet users Since cloud being an gre essay, internet based technology its adoption has a greater probability. The future generation will no doubt be connected through the internet for both personal and professional lives. Social media has grown from strength to strength and now even companies are focused towards the use of social networking to eigene essay, find opportunities for their growth. Technical Technology has taken great strides over gre essay, the last 2 decades and IT infrastructure and service sharing has become a great source of growth for some companies. With high speed of free sample on how an essay, internet, low connectivity issues, higher security standards and modularization of environments, it has become easier to gre essay, implement cloud. Figure 13 IBM IT Transformation Roadmap The IBM IT transformation road map suggests how the IT has transformed over the years and essays+ it is headed straight towards the adoption of cloud computing on a major level. LEGAL There is currently no legal framework designed for the adoption on cloud computing. There are local regulations on free flow of information between countries. Figure 14 There are a few questions that are raised by the law structure when cloud is being implemented.
1. Who is the controller? 2. Which law is applicable 3. Gre Essay! Transfer outside the country? The future of legal policies appear uncertain and they can easily keep a lid on growth of citations thesis, cloud computing Environmental IT contributes 2% of the world’s CO2 emissions in the world which is the same as the Airline industry. Other than CO2 emission IT produces 2 million tones of electric waste as well. Cloud Computing is one of the gre essay, ways to reduce the free on how to write an essay, environmental impact of gre essay, IT industry. Eigene! Most of the electric waste would become obsolete with the evolution of gre essay, cloud computing. Figure 15 Total PESTLE Impact Diagram Figure 16 6. Technological Infrastructure required for Cloud Computing Following Infrastructure is needed for Cloud computing: 1) 2) 3) 4) Computing Infrastructure Network Infrastructure Storage Infrastructure Linking Infrastructure a. Linking to Network b. Linking to Storage Depending upon the service required (IaaS or PaaS or SaaS), these infrastructure elements can be owned by the client or the Cloud service provider. As per the CIO. com article are as follows:  , there are seven important aspects of any cloud infrastructure, these 1) Heterogeneous System Support Other than leveraging the latest software and hardware systems, the essay, cloud infrastructure should also be compatible with the gre essay, legacy and traditional systems of the organization and saber should also support the existing infrastructure. Gre Essay! 2) Service Management In order to make the cloud offering successful, the cloud service should be able to provide proper resource (e. g. CPU cycle or storage etc) guarantees, transparent metering rules of the olfati saber thesis, service and proper billing cycles. Also, the service should be able to be managed and deployed easily and quickly. 3) Dynamic Workload and Resource Management For providing truly on demand and virtualized services, it is gre essay important for essays+ any cloud infrastructure to manage the gre essay, resources and workload as per the required service level agreement to the consumer.
And hence in case of peak load, prioritize resources in order to be highly efficient and performance driven. 4) Reliability, Availability and Security Reliability, Availability and Security are important aspects of any service, whether it is provided through cloud or through the citations thesis, traditional model. Hence any cloud infrastructure should provide a smooth transition to the cloud service without compromising on any of these aspects of the system. 5) Integration with Data Management tools It is gre essay possible that cloud computing management solutions do not fully take the place of the traditional systems and reza olfati data centers. Hence the cloud infrastructure should be able to integrate with these out of the box systems and data centers to provide a hassle free service to the clients. 6) Visibility and Reporting An important feature of the cloud service is the gre essay, ‘pay as per-use’ facility. Hence to fully achieve this objective, the cloud infrastructure should support detailed levels of visibility and reporting regarding the usage, service level agreements, compliances, system and network performances, billing schedules etc.
7) Administrator, Developer and End User Interface Most Cloud infrastructures provide user interfaces and portals to hide the cloud service complexities from the end user and in a way also provide the ability to manage these cloud services in reza olfati thesis, a simple yet comprehensive way. Gre Essay!  7. Cloud Computing – Drivers Vs Inhibitors Inhibitors for Cloud Computing. A report published by IBM  (IBM Academy of Technology, Thought Leadership White Paper, October 2010) based on the survey conducted on 110 Cloud implementation Projects, revealed that the major concerns for implementing Cloud were issues involving security, lack of perceived value proposition by the customers, lack of standardization and lack of funding for implementation. Some of the other factors include- complexity concerns, lack of skills, concerns about reliability and availability of cloud, technical immaturity etc. Figure 17 Source: IBM Academy of Technology, Thought Leadership White Paper, October 2010  Security  Security is one of the essays+, major concerns specially in public cloud implementations. Most customers are worried about the privacy and integrity of their data. The concerns may increase even more if the gre essay, cloud is shared among other customers, who may be your competitors. Hence according to the IBM survey most companies are interested in implementing the private cloud (instead of going for the public Cloud).
Standardization  As Cloud Computing is an emerging technology, the a thousand questions, processes and implementations are not yet standardized. Each of the Cloud implementers provides their own solutions. There are no industry wide standards yet developed for gre essay Cloud computing. Hence this lack of hardware requirements, software, operating system and processes act as an suns essay, inhibitor for implementing cloud. Value Proposition  Implementation of Cloud is much easier if value which it provides in gre essay, terms of meeting the business requirements and cost benefits can be explained to the customer. Hence lack of tools and models that assist the customers to watsons go to birmingham, calculate the gre essay, return on investment and value proposition pose a deterrent in cloud implementation. Complexity and Integration  Most customers today run a host of applications including numerous legacy tools. Customers are looking integrated solution for essay question all their applications from the cloud providers. Gre Essay! Hence the doubts over integrating all solutions and also reducing complexity are one of the concerns of the customers in go to birmingham essay, implementing cloud.
According to Keane White paper  on “Cloud Computing – Clear thinking about its risks, benefits and gre essay success factors” impediments to cloud Adoption are as follows: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) Security Privacy / Compliance Immaturity of vendors / Offerings Risk Mitigation Legacy Applications. Drivers for Cloud Computing BENEFITS  The study conducted by IBM based on 110 Cloud implementations revealed following results: ? ? ? Around 80% of clients acknowledge benefits in sharing of IT resources through highly virtualized infrastructure by implementing cloud. Around 60% achieved ease-of-use through self service with rapid delivery. Watsons Birmingham Essay! Taking about public clouds specifically ? ? ? Ease-of-use is 85% (as compared to 60% overall by both public and private cloud users) 68% benefit from pay-as-you-go Charging model 63% benefit from Internet / Web based Cloud. Figure 18 Source: IBM Academy of Technology, Thought Leadership White Paper, October 2010  According to Keane White paper  on “Cloud Computing – Clear thinking about its risks, benefits and success factors” benefits of Cloud solution are as follows: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Cost Capability / Scalability More Green Organization Agility Collaboration Focus According Deloitte report on “Cloud Computing – Forecasting Change – Market overview and gre essay Perspective”  Figure 19 Source: Deloitte Report on Cloud Computing – Forecasting Change – Market overview and Perspective  Deloitte’s perspective on perceived and real impact of cloud Inhibitors  Figure 20 Source: Deloitte Report on Cloud Computing – Forecasting Change – Market overview and Perspective  8. Global cloud computing market size#038; Future growth According to the report called “Sizing the a thousand splendid essay, Cloud” of independent research firm Forrester Research the global cloud computing market would fetch the $241 billion by 2020 as compared to $40.
7 billion in gre essay, 2010. It could be possible cause of rapidly growing of cloud computing services. Figure 21 According to this report, Software-as-a-service(SaaS) would have a significant share in a thousand suns essay, the total revenue. This segment would offer more opportunity growth than any other segments. The SaaS would have the leading position in the Cloud Computing market by gre essay holding the $92. 8 billion by 2016. According to IDC by 2015 nearly 24% of the essay, software purchaseswould be service enabled software. SaaS delivery will have the gre essay, share of around 13.
1% of worldwide software revenue and 14. Meinung! 4% for applications. Gre Essay! Global Corporate Mobile SaaS Market will be at $1. billion in 2011 and will grow to reza thesis, $3. 7 billion by 2016 with Compound annual growth rate of 25. 8% according to latest Strategy Analytics Wireless Enterprise Strategies. It will be possible by integration of gre essay, business application on essays+ smartphones, tablets and other wireless devices. Deloitte has estimated that cloud based usage will replace 2. 34% of IT spending in 2014 and further it will rise to gre essay, 14. 49% in 2020. Figure 22 Cisco’s Global Cloud Index forecasted that the transition of workloads from traditional data centres to cloud data centres will exceed in 2014. This year would be the crucial year when workloads through cloud data centres (51%) would be higher than the traditional data centres (49%) for the first time. If this trend would be continued then cloud workloads would be dominating to the traditional work load by 2015.
The Compound annual growth rate expected to be at 22% during 2010-15. Fig 23 According to free on how to write an essay, Gartner, Insurance industry would have a higher rate of cloud adoption (34%) compared to their enterprise counterparts (27%) in the Small #038; Medium Business (SMB) category. Gre Essay! Fig 24 Complete analysis of essays+, Cloud Computing in Asia  Fig 25 Indian Market In terms of market size, Indian market holds only $990 million compared to global market $ 109 billion7. It is predicted that India would be having market of gre essay, $3-4 billion by 20157according to Zinnov Management Consulting. On the other hand Nasscom and Deloitte consulting estimated that Indian market would be worth of eigene essay, $16 billion by 20207. It is also estimated that India would have a huge potential growth in future cause of millions of Small #038; Medium Business who are not able to afford to invest in the expensive business software solutions. Vishnu Bhatt, head of gre essay, cloud services at Infosys says that, “About 60 per cent of enterprise workloads will be on meinung the cloud in five years, from the current nonexistent levels”. Gre Essay! Four different types of market opportunity are there in the India.
Roughly 25 per cent of the citations, Indian market is in gre essay, “private cloud” business cause of on how, security reasons. Other three opportunities lies in the “public cloud” as Saas, PaaS, #038; in Iaas. Independent software vendors (ISVs) like”Infosys, Wipro etc. ” are the middle players who serve to small clients from the big players like Microsoft and Salesforce. The entire cost is borne by the end users, on an average the ISVs make around 20-30 per cent of the total revenue. Gre Essay! Around 3000 ISVs are there in a thousand suns essay, India and nearly 1000 of them have tied up with the Microsoft and Salesforce. So we can say Indian cloud market mostly depend on the ISVs. 9. Gre Essay! CLOUD COMPUTING AFFECTING FIRM BOUNDARY Start-ups Cloud computing reduces initial investments of the start-ups by reducing capital investment in a data center. In cloud computing the infrastructure for data storage is provided by the cloud providers which help start-ups in splendid suns questions, reducing their investment. Cloud computing does not eliminate the development cost but helps start-up companies to focus on their core competency without hiring people with expertise.
Cloud computing also helps different software companies (start-ups) to expand their offering by partnerships with big firms (exa-IBM). [32, 33] Due to gre essay, this lowered capital cost the companies were able to prove their products on less initial capital. . In 2011, 1339 companies received a total of US $5. 8bn in first-time financing (an increase of 7% in eigene meinung essay, capital raised and an inc of gre essay, 19. Reza Saber! % in gre essay, deal numbers, compared with the same period in 2010). The data shows that Venture capitals are taking interest in investing on these small amounts since the risk is low. This helps the entrepreneurs in cracking more deals as supported by data.  SMB’s Cloud computing will help SME’s in modeling their business. Since it is cost effective, now companies are targeting these small and medium size businesses. These firms were not able to implement ERP due to high cost and lack of IT infrastructure. Now due to cost cut of the infrastructure they can use cloud for their business. iON will enhance India’s global competitiveness by giving 35 million Indian SMBs access to world-class, simple-to-use and scalable technology tools. SMBs can use the essay question, power of iON to build their business advantage and compete on the global stage,” said N Chandrasekaran, chief executive officer and managing director, TCS, and chief architect, iON, in a statement.  The table below shows the share of small #038; medium businesses in different countries. Gre Essay! In India Tata Consultancy Service is targeting $1 billion revenue from splendid essay questions these small and medium businesses firm  over five years. Figure 26 A survey taken from Zoomerang (in April 2011) for small and medium businesses has shown that 77% of the small and gre essay medium businesses are not using cloud computing for their businesses and 52% of them will use cost effective IT management and maintenance sources.
Figure 27  A report published by Microsoft has shown that there is high potential for cloud adoption in SMBs. As per the report the number of companies with between 11 and 25 employees will potentially double till next wave. In 101 – 250 employee segment 33% companies will adopt cloud in the next wave.  Figure 28 Cost effectiveness of cloud computing will help startups and SMB’s in adopting it ,which in turn will help them in making their process efficient and eigene as the result “SMBs will be able to challenge big businesses”.  Venture Capital Investment The diagram below shows the growth of gre essay, public cloud and its comparison with the overall IT. The public cloud services are growing strongly with a rate of 18%, which is splendid questions a positive sign for the companies providing cloud services. 42] This growth is also attracting the Venture Capitalist. Currently, not much of the gre essay, investment is done on this sector and there is a strong chance of investment.  Figure 29 Venture capital is also affected by government regulations. Essays+! A report published by Josh Learner shows the impact of copyright policy changes on Venture capital investment in cloud computing companies. The data provided in the table in Appendix A has shown the investment of venture  capital quarter wise for gre essay cloud service firms in U. S. A. Reza Saber Thesis! Figure 30 The figure below shows the gre essay, ratio of investment in cloud computing companies to investment in all IT companies. A drastic change can be seen in the graph after the copyright policy changes. Reza Saber Thesis!  Figure 31 A survey taken in gre essay, 2012 by Deloitte regarding global trends in venture capital shows the essays+, confidence level of investors of different countries in gre essay, different industries. The first graph shows the confidence level of venture capital investment sector wise and essay the second graph shows the confidence level of gre essay, respondent’s country in cloud computing.
44] Figure 32 Figure 33 According to the article of NASSCOM Deloitte “Deconstructing the cloud – The new growth frontier for Indian IT – BPO sector” cloud computing will affect by making (below points are directly taken from the article)  Lines blur between consumer and enterprise IT – Initially innovation was driven by enterprises but now trends have been changed and innovations are driven by customer segment also e. g. blogging, social networking and cloud is citations thesis fast helping merge this divide between consumer and enterprise. IT drives arket-facing differentiation for businesses – Cloud will be a net positive impact on existing service lines while opening up new “product” opportunities Cloud have a net positive impact on gre essay existing service line revenues, though traditional IS outsourcing and testing service providers will have to re-invent existing models Uptake will vary across industries because of different drivers and barriers Cloud will alter the industry landscape – commoditization of suns questions, IT through cloud computing will reduce entry barrier bringing some new breed competitors. Partnerships and alliances will be key to gre essay, succeed in the Cloud ecosystem  10. Web 2. 0 and Cloud Computing Web 2. 0 and a thousand essay questions Cloud computing have changed the way we develop, deploy and use computer applications. The World Wide Web had seen a transition from traditional publishing model to the new collaborative information creation model.  Web 2. 0 uses network as a platform for gre essay sharing information, creating content, #038; making a virtual community, in contrast to the websites where users can simply read the text (passive viewing of content). Essays+! Web 2. includes some of the most widely known and used applications blogs, social networking sites, YouTube, wikis, Twitter, web applications etc. Gre Essay!  Figure 34: Web 1. 0 #038; web 2. Saber! 0 Structure  Cloud computing services in gre essay, nature are Web applications which deliver desirable computing services on demand. It is thus a natural technical evolution that the Cloud computing acquires the Web 2. 0 technique.  Cloud computing defines the way the applications are deployed. It offers infrastructure as a service (IaaS), platform as a service (PaaS), and software as a service (SaaS). As per the requirement of reza olfati thesis, resources, the processing power and memory gets allocated in an elastic manner.  The cloud is often misinterpreted as a combination of clusters and grids. However, in reality, clouds are next-generation data centres which are dynamically provisioned as per the user demand used for personalized resource collection for fulfilling specific user needs and gre essay accessible through “Web 2. Splendid Essay Questions! 0” technologies.  Web 2. 0 and Implications on cloud computing Web 2. 0 contributes to the front end of the gre essay, business, cloud computing contributes to the back end of the business. Combining both, web 2. 0 #038; cloud computing, both front end as well as some of the back end of the business can be outsourced.
The work can be performed from anywhere, teams may not be at go to essay the same location thus collaborating the information using, web 2. 0 tools, cloud, mobile technologies. This is the concept of virtualized organizations. Gre Essay!  Statistical Support David Osimo shows how web 2. 0 applications have grown masively. He uses the data from Technorati, Wikipedia, Myspace, Youtube and Nielsen-Netratings for analysis. His findings can be seen in olfati saber thesis, Figure 2..  Figure 35: Growth of Web 2. 0 applications  Cloud computing is addressing two different market needs  1. Large scale web applications (‘web 2. 0 markets’) – scale-out cloud E. g. Google Traditional data centre computing (‘enterprise market’) – server clouds E. g. Microsoft 2. Gre Essay! Figure 36: Evolution of World Wide Web  Cloud computing is integral to web 2. 0. It brings all sorts of user data along with operating system online and enables content sharing platform making the reza thesis, use of storage devices unnecessary. Web 2. 0 provides the gre essay, collaborative functionality that helps in sharing documents and making changes on a real time basis regardless of their locations. This along with cloud computing allows for online storage of data avoiding the use of watsons birmingham essay, hardware, data centres as well as software replaced by gre essay online web applications like Google documents. There can be two kinds of customers for splendid suns questions cloud  Those that need to scale up (achieve higher scale) at low costs 2. Those that want to eliminate data centre model and choose pay-as-you-go model 1. Many technologies like grid computing, peer to peer computing contribute directly to cloud. Thus, web 2. 0 provides users the capabilities of easy sharing and accessibility of data with anyone, from gre essay anywhere.
Applications like Google doc, face book are managed by cloud storing huge amount of user data at one place and making it readily available to everyone anytime. These applications are one type of services, software as a service. Users have their own hardware at place, and use their own platform to run these cloud applications. The software resources like application servers, database servers, IDE etc. re not required. Other kind of reza, services include application as a service where users have their own hardware at place and gre essay rent platforms from cloud to develop customized software. Finally infrastructure as a service means the complete virtualization of business with storage at reza olfati cloud. Hardware and computing also need not be performed at the site but takes place in cloud. Gre Essay! Resources like storage, computing power are not required.  With the advent of web 2. 0, cloud computing got a boost as people could create and olfati saber access any amount of information without having to worry about its storage. Google is the best example. Gre Essay! It provides many services and applications like, Google doc, spreadsheet, YouTube all of which are cloud based and help sharing information on a real time basis.
The real time sharing of knowledge is what is made possible though combination of the two. Cloud is incorporated in the next version of web 2. 0 retaining the features of web 2. 0 and adding new ‘elasticity’ to the whole application or business deployment. 11. Porter’s 5 Forces Analysis Threat of new entrants ? ? ? ? Low barriers to entry Relatively lower development costs Low fixed costs Huge potential market. Bargaining power of suppliers: ? ? High for few big players. Can depend on a thousand splendid suns essay questions the type of service provided. Bargaining power of buyers: Existing competitive landscape ? ? Intense rivalry. Presence of big, small #038; niche players. ? ? Dependent on the size of the buyers.
SMEs’ power can increase with standardization of offerings. Gre Essay! Threat of substitutes: ? Mild threat from open source computing Figure 38 1. Existing competitive landscape: The Cloud computing market comprises of both small and big players causing intense rivalry. But there is a large variety in the type of products and services required by customers and so there is room for big, small and niche players. There are the thesis, big players providing end-to-end services like IBM, Amazon, Microsoft etc, pure players like Salesforce and gre essay niche players like Dell-BOOMI (specializes in reza thesis, Cloud Integration), Rackspace (leader in managed hosting services) and small players like Zenith.  2. Gre Essay! Suppliers’ bargaining power: Since there is a huge potential for demand from SMEs and reza olfati few big players like Google, Amazon and IBM, the bargaining power of suppliers is quite high. Bargaining power could vary according to the type of gre essay, service provided. Free Sample To Write An Essay! E. g. In case of an IaaS service, switching cost for gre essay customers might not be very high since the offering is largely undifferentiated, but same cannot be said for a SaaS offering. Also there are is eigene no clear rule of law for regulation of the data stored on the cloud. Gre Essay! Data stored on the cloud could be subject to less stringent action by the regulatory authority than that stored on a personal computer. This could make the switching costs for the customers quite high.  3. Buyer’s bargaining power: Bargaining power of buyers can be said to be dependent on the size of the buyer’s business. In case of SMEs, the bargaining power can be said to be low since many of the suppliers in the cloud computing market are large corporations.
Whereas the buyer’s bargaining power can substantially dominate the supplier if the buyer itself is a large organization. The bargaining power of SMEs can increase if with the standardization of the services which will be facilitated with establishing proper regulatory compliances.  4. Sample! Threat of new entrants: With the huge potential market among the gre essay, SMEs, it is expected that many new entrants from the SME segment itself will enter the essay, Cloud computing market with low cost offerings. This expectation lies on the fact of low fixed costs, relatively lower costs of developing a product and low barriers to entry.  5. Threat of substitutes: Open source computing can be considered as a substitute for Cloud computing services. Gre Essay! But it can be expected that the SMEs will prefer Cloud computing over splendid suns questions, open source due to higher switching costs in gre essay, case of watsons birmingham question, open source and lower costs of cloud computing services. Gre Essay!